Portal:Birds

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Endemic birds, animals and plants are those which have evolved into a distinct form which is restricted in its distribution to a particular locality. Genetic isolation, such as that found on islands, is often a factor which contributes to a high degree of endemism.

Eleven of the 60 species of land birds that have nested on the park islands are represented by endemic species or subspecies – forms that are found on the islands and nowhere else. A few of these endemics are found on only one of the Park islands:

Others are found on two or more of the islands: non-migratory

The Island Scrub-Jay, which is confined today to Santa Cruz Island, is the most distinct and only endemic species of bird found on the Channel Islands. Of the island endemics found on the park islands, two populations on Santa Barbara Island (San Clemente House Finch and Santa Barbara Island Song Sparrow) have been extirpated during the past century. [Channel Islands Bird Checklist by Paul W. Collins, Nov. 4, 2011]

On Santa Catalina Island Catalina the California quail and Bewick's wren are endemic.



BIRD-REALTED TOPICS



HISTORIC COLLECTION RECORDS FROM 1950 AND EARLIER:


  • Note: If a species is listed, it is known from one or more California Channel Islands.


  • add Lazuli Bunting ~ Passerina amoena


GEESE (generic) (pic)


DUCKS (generic and domestic)


QUAIL

  • QUAIL (Callipepla californica catalinensis) (pic)


PARTRIDGES and TURKEYS


LOONS


GREBES


ALBATROSSES


FULMARS AND SHEARWATERS


STORM-PETRELS


TROPICBIRDS


BOOBIES


CORMORANTS (pic)


PELICANS


BITTERNS, HERONS AND ALLIES


OSPREYS

  • OSPREY (Pandion haliaetus carolinensis) (pic)


HAWKS, KITES, EAGLES and ALLIES


FALCONS


RAILS and COOTS


PLOVERS


OYSTERCATCHERS


SANDPIPERS, TERNS and SKIMMERS


GULLS, TERNS and SKIMMERS


SKUAS and JAEGGERS


AUKS, MURRES and PUFFINS


PIGEONS and DOVES


OWLS (pic)


GOATSUCKERS


SWIFTS


HUMMINGBIRDS


KINGFISHERS


WOODPECKERS


TYRANT FLYCATCHERS


SHRIKES


VIREOS


JAYS and CROWS


LARKS


SWALLOWS


BUSHTITS

  • BUSHTIT (Psaltriparius minimus) (pic)


NUTHATCHES


CREEPERS


WRENS


GNATCATCHERS


KINGLETS


THRUSHES


MOCKINGBIRDS and THRASHERS


STARLINGS


PIPITS


WAXWINGS


SILKY-FLYCATCHERS


WOOD-WARBLERS


TANAGERS


NEW WORLD SPARROWS


CARDINALS and ALLIES


BLACKBIRDS AND ORIOLES


FINCHES and ALLIES


OLD WORLD SPARROWS