Active (No. 1209)
Active (#1209) (1849-1870), New York-built wooden 172-foot U.S. Coast Survey vessel used in the survey of the West Coast of North America from British Columbia to the Mexican border. She was built as the schooner-rigged Gold Hunter, purchased by the U.S. government in 1852 from the Pacific Mail Steamship Company to replace their survey steamer, Jefferson, which had been lost in Patagonia.
Active was outfitted at Mare Island, California into a 750-ton side-paddle wooden steamer armed with two guns. In 1853 under the command of Lieutenant James Alden, she worked the coast from Point Conception to Point Loma, including the Santa and Santa Catalina Island. “The Active was a fearsome symbol of white man’s strength as she chugged along, puffing out black smoke, her guns exposed for all, but especially the Indians, to see.” She served the Survey until 1861 when she was sold to the California, Oregon & Mexico Steamship Company.
Nine years later, her passenger service came to an end on June 5, 1870 when she struck a rock in dense fog twenty-two miles south of Cape Mendocino. All 170 passengers on board were rescued.
In the News~
April 10, 1852 [SDU]: “U.S. Surveying Steamer Active— A very agreeable excursion was yesterday made in our bay by a party of ladies and gentlemen, guests of Lieut. Alden, of the Coast Survey, on his fine steamer Active, which has just been completed and put in readiness for surveying service on this coast. The 'Active was formerly known to our citizens and to the traveling public as the steamer Gold Hunter. She was purchased by the Board of Coast Survey a few weeks since, and by important alterations at the ship yard, and a thorough cleansing overhauling, fitting up anew and repainting, she has been made one of the most complete ocean steam vessels employed in the service. Yesterday was set apart for an excursion in the Active to the Farallones, in honor of her completion; and a pleasant and numerous company assembled by ten in the morning, to participate in the pleasures of the occasion. Owing to the lateness of the hour of starting, and the adverse state of the wind and tide, the trip to the famed islands of "sea lions" was deemed inexpedient...”
April 16, 1852 [DAC]: “The U. S. Surveying Steamer Active — This fine steamer, which has been purchased for the U. S. Government, to be used in prosecuting the Coast Survey, has been refitted and placed in excellent running order. She will sail today for for the purpose of continuing the survey of the coast between this port and San Diego. The following is a list of her officers: Lieutenant Commanding, Richard M. Cuyler… Mr. George Davidson goes down the coast for the purpose of making observations at the most important points between this and San Diego.”
November 9, 1852 [NYT]: “The United States survey steamer Active, Lieutenant Alden, which has been in active service for some months, surveying the coast, harbors and inlets between San Francisco and the Columbia, has returned to San Francisco.”
December 25, 1852 [DAC]: “Charts of the Coast Survey. Mr. W. B. McMurtrie, the able draftsman of the Board of Coast Survey, and attached to the surveying steamer Active, at present in our waters, has furnished us with the recently finished charts of the surveying party on our shores. They are drawn by him and are engraved in the east in beautiful style on fine drawing paper. The sketches and charts before us are of Prisoners Harbor, San Clemente Harbor and Cuyler’s Harbor…”
June 9, 1853 [SDU]: “The revenue schooner Active has been ordered by the collector of the Port, to proceed to the Farallones, and assist the contractors for building the lighthouse in progressing with their work, which they were prevented from doing by a combination of the residents upon the islands. The Active will proceed on her mission today.”
June 10, 1853 [DAC]: “The surveying steamer Active, Lieut. Alden, sailed on the 8th inst. from port, and after stopping at the Farallones, proceeded to the wreck of the Carrier Pigeon, which lies about 7 miles north of Point Año Nuevo, bow on shore. Hew bows lay about 500 feet from the beach, and she rests amidships on a ledge of rocks, which have broken the ship's back. The tide ebbs and flows in her, and is up to her between-decks. A portion if not all of her cargo between decks may be saved if the weather holds good, which is doubtful, as there was a heavy surf when the Active left...”
June 11, 1853 [SDU]: “The Light House at the Farallones. The steamer Active, Capt. Alden, took the Collector, the ex-Collector and the deputy United States Marshall, to the Farallones on the 8th inst. On landing at the island, they were kindly received by those in possession, who informed them that they had no objections to the building of a Light House by the government; but they wished to enter their protest and to hold possession of the island if any one was to have it. They had already gathered about ten thousand dozen [120,000] of wild eggs, and the islands are still covered with millions more. They had discovered on the island, a well of water, which is of great advantage.”
June 16, 1853 [DAC]: “Interesting to navigators. Examination of the shoal near San Clemente and San Nicolas islands [two letters]:
June 17, 1853 [SDU]: “Farallones; no house erected. Recommended and surveyed by Asst. R. D. Cutts.”
June 17, 1853 [SDU]: “...I cannot admit that the Farallones are any way fit for a fog signal station for San Francisco harbor. In the first place they lie nearly thirty miles from the entrance; secondly, the tide sets vessels off the line of the course thence to the entrance, and its direction and force are variable under different circumstances; thirdly, these rocks are considerably out of the course of steamers bound either up or down the coast. It would be requisite if vessels are to run for them, as they necessarily would if they are established as a signal station, that these signals should be put on both sides of the South Farallone, or mounted on its summit, under either of which arrangements vessels would be warned that they were near danger...”
U.S. Surveying Steamer Active, San Francisco, June 15th, 1853:
- Gents: I enclose herewith for publication Lt. Commanding Stevens’ Report for the Survey of the Shoal or Bank to the southward of San Clemente and San Nicolas islands. This examination proves conclusively that the breakers seen on that spot in 1846, by the U.S. Frigate Constitution, and more recently by the steamers Pacific and Cortes, was nothing more or less than a heavy ‘tide rip.’ I am, respectfully, Your Obd’t Serv’t., James Alden, Lieut. Commanding U.S.N. Assistant U.S.C. Survey.
Editors, Alta California
U.S. Surveying Schooner Ewing, off San Pedro, June 1st, 1853 Lieut. Commanding James Alden, U.S.N., Chief of the Hydrographic party on the West Coast:
- Sir — I have the pleasure of reporting my return to this place, from the shoal to the southward of San Clemente and San Nicolas, which I have made a thorough examination of, having been five days anchored upon it. The shoal or bank is in Lat. 32 deg. 30 min. N., long. 119 deg. 10 min. 50 sec. W. by N., (by compass), distant forty-six miles; Island of Clemente bears N.E. 1/2 N., (compass), distant forty-three and a half miles. The nature of the bottom is hard, composed of white sand, broken shells and coral; the least water found ten fathoms, which would be about nine reduced to low water, and the character of the soundings, as you will find upon reference to the chart which I send herewith, irregular and abrupt. The weather, while at anchor upon the shoal, we found different from that which ordinarily prevails upon the coast in the vicinity, bearing a strong resemblance to that upon the Banks of Newfoundland. The current is irregular, frequently setting against the wind, and running with a velocity of nearly two knot per hour, producing a heavy sea and causing the water to break in heavy weather as has been reported. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, T. H. Stevens, Lieut. Commanding, U.S.N.”
August 20, 1856 [SFDEB]: “The San Diego Herald says, Captain Alden and his assistants having completed the survey of our harbor and the coast in the immediate vicinity, sailed with the Active on Monday morning last, for San Clemente Island. They intended making a thorough survey of this island, and that part of the coast lying between Monterey and San Francisco.”
August 21, 1856 [SBG]: “The U.S. surveying steamer Active sailed on Monday for Santa Cruz Island and coast near San Buenaventura.”
July 26, 1903 [SFCall]: “… commencing with Captain Alden, who was in command of the survey steamer Active. He and his successor, Captain Richard M. Cuyler, were both men who were fond of society and gay frolics and never lost a chance of having one on board the vessel. Captain Alden had his wife with him and she, making her home on the Active, had many luncheons on board. Cuyler was a bachelor, but that did not prevent his following in his predecessor’s footsteps. He gave frequent parties on the bay and when the Active went anywhere on short trips he always took a jolly crowd with him.”
Active Point, San Miguel Island is on the southeast quarter of the island to the west of Cardwell Point. It is speculated this place name is derived from the United States Coast Survey side-wheel steamer, Active.