BRANDEGEE, Townshend Stith

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T. S. Brandegee (1843-1925)


BRANDEGEE, Townshend Stith (1843-1925), Connecticut-born Yale graduate and self-trained botanist of the western United States and Baja, California. Carrying out a commission to obtain specimens of certain rare western timbers, he visited Santa Cruz Island in 1886 that turned his attention to the fascination of the biology of islands.

Brandegee added about 80 taxa to the Santa Cruz Island list compiled by E. L. Greene. Brandegee became an authority on the flora of Baja California and the adjacent islands.

In 1889, Brandegee married the curator of the herbarium of the California Academy of Sciences, Dr. Mary Katharine Layne Curran. For their honeymoon, they walked from San Diego to San Francisco on a botanical collecting trip.

The Santa Cruz Island endemic monkey flower, Mimulus brandegei is named in his honor. Brandegee also collected plants on Santa Catalina Island in 1884, 1889, 1890 and 1899, but most of these specimens were lost in the 1906 San Francisco fire at the California Academy of Sciences. Some duplicates survived in other herbaria. Brandegee returned to collect on Santa Catalina Island May 17-25, 1916. These specimens are at the University of California herbarium.


Brandegee collected plants on:

  • Isla San Martin (1897)
  • San Clemente Island (1894)
  • Santa Catalina Island (1884, 1889, 1890, 1899, 1916)
  • Santa Cruz Island (1881, 1888, 1889, 1896)
  • Santa Rosa Island (1888)


» Brandegee, T. S. Flora of the Santa Barbara Islands. California Academy of Sciences Proceedings I, 2nd series: (201-226) 1888

http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=hvd.32044106363633;view=1up;seq=3

» Brandegee, T. S. Flora of the Californian Islands. Zoe I (5):129-148, 1890

http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/14445#page/3/mode/1up




In the News~

August 1, 1888 [SBMP]: “Natural History Society. The Society of Natural History held a meeting at their rooms on Saturday afternoon. Some specimens of local interest were added to the museum... Mrs. Bingham gave some account of the work of Mr. T. S. Brandegee, in this vicinity; he collected plants upon the islands of Santa Cruz and Santa Rosa, also at various points on the Santa Ynez range of mountains with a view of comparing flora of the two regions...”


April 18, 1897 [NYT]: “California Island life… A story of some foxes without tails, cunning ravens with a fondness for chickens, bald eagles in plenty… The flora of these islands is singular and has induced a botanist, Professor T. S. Brandegee, to say: ‘It has been suggested that these islands are the remnants of a Western Atlantis.’ The botanical arguments in favor of the theory are drawn principally from the flora of Santa Cruz Island and consist mainly of new species…”


September 4, 1917 [TI/Avalon]: “Over 400 different plants are found on Santa Catalina Island, many that are rare on the mainland. Professor T. S. Brandegee says: ‘It has been suggested that these islands are the remnants of a western Atlantis. The botanical arguments in favor of the theory are drawn principally from the flora of Santa Cruz Island, and consist mainly of numerous new species’…”




Island Collections~

https://ucjeps.cspace.berkeley.edu/ucjeps_project/public/publicsearch/


ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN
Isla San Martin T. S. Brandegee NMNH March 12, 1897 NMNH-694735 Chenopodium flabellifolium Plants



San Clemente Island

8/25/1894 NMNH plants


ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN
San Clemente Island T. S. Brandegee UC 1894 UC-91201 Artemisia nesiotica Plants
San Clemente Island T. S. Brandegee UC August 24, 1892 UC-88735 Encilia californica Plants
San Clemente Island T. S. Brandegee UC August 25, 1894 UC-103991 Solanum douglasii Plants
San Clemente Island T. S. Brandegee UC August 25, 1894 UC-194676 Deinandra clementina Plants


Santa Catalina Island

May 13, 1890 FMNH


ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee HUH May 1889 A-345095 Lyonothamnus floribundus Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee HUH May 1889 A-349827 Ceanothus megacarpus Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee HUH May 1889 A-362510 Arctostaphylos Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee HUH 1889 A-362689 Comarostaphylis diversifolia subsp. planifolia Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee HUH May 1889 A-367882 Ceanothus arboreus Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee CAS May 1889 CAS-281 Eschscholzia elegans Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee CAS May 1889 CAS-335424 Eschscholzia caespitosa Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee CAS 1889 CAS-466198 Comarostaphylis diversifolia subsp. planifolia Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee CAS May 1889 CAS-466218 Arctostaphylos catalinae Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee CAS May 1889 CAS-54888 Ceanothus arboreus Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee DS May 1889 DS-105296 Acmispon argophyllus var. argenteus Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee DS May 1889 DS-113768 Arctostaphylos catalinae Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee DS May 1889 DS-32142 Ceanothus megacarpus var. megacarpus Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee DS 1889 DS-32421 Ceanothus megacarpus var. megacarpus Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee DS May 1889 DS-32559 Ceanothus arboreus Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee DS May 1889 DS-32681 Rhamnus pirifolia Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee DS May 1889 DS-37854 Lyonothamnus floribundus subsp. floribundus Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee DS May 1889 DS-37856 Lyonothamnus floribundus subsp. floribundus Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee DS May 1889 DS-72982 Lyonothamnus floribundus subsp. floribundus Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee DS 1889 DS-91856 Comarostaphylis diversifolia subsp. planifolia Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee GH May 1889 GH-345086 Lyonothamnus floribundus Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee GH May 1889 GH-345092 Lyonothamnus floribundus Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee GH May 1889 GH-349817 Ceanothus megacarpus Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee GH May 1889 GH-350322 Arctostaphylos glandulosa Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee GH 1889 GH-362663 Comarostaphylis diversifolia Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee GH May 1889 GH-367876 Ceanothus arboreus Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee POM May 1889 POM-69656 Lycium brevipes var. hassei Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee RSA May 1889 RSA-69656 Ceanothus arboreus Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee RSA May 1889 RSA-261705 Ceanothus megacarpus var. insularis Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee SBBG March 30, 1889 SBBG-112909 Calystegia macrostegia subsp. intermedia Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee SD May 1889 SD-8404 Lyonothamnus floribundus Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee SEINET 1889 SEINET-3155019 Mentzelia micrantha Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee UCB May 1889 UC-103860 Lycium brevipes var. hassei Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee UCB May 1889 UC-107099 Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia Plants
Santa Catalina Island Brandegee UCB May 1889 UC-11007 Thysanocarpus laciniatus Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee UCB May 1889 UC-78285 Amsinckia spectabilis Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee UCB May 1, 1889 UC-78286 Amsinckia microsperma Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee UCB May 1889 UC-78665 Cryptantha clevelandii Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee UCB May 1889 UC-79799 Ceanothus arboreus Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee UCB May 1889 UC-79863 Ceanothus megacarpus var. insularis Plants
~ trip ~
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee UCB May 1890 UC-91281 Achillea millefolium Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee UCB May 12, 1890 UC-78275 Amsinckia intermedia Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee UCB May 12, 1890 UC-101624 Astragalus gambelianus Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee UCB May 12, 1890 UC-107702 Camissonia californica Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee UCB May 14, 1890 UC-89408 Madia gracilis Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee UCB May 15, 1890 UC-107482 Phacelia lyonii Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee UCB May 16, 1890 UC-88843 Ambrosia chamissonis Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee UCB May 16, 1890 UC-121470 Aristida adscensionis Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee UCB May 20, 1890 UC-121354 Agrostis pallens Plants
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee UCB May 20, 1890 UC-79500 Cryptantha maritima Plants Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee UCB May 21, 1890 UC-115108 Juncus acutus subsp. leopoldi Plants
~ trip ~
Santa Catalina Island T. S. Brandegee UCB May 1916 UC-1983926 Silvetia compressa Plants


Santa Cruz Island

1881; 4/1888; 1889 SBBG


ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN
~ trip ~
Santa Cruz Island T. S. Brandegee CAS July 1896 DS-127170 Hazardia detonsa Plants
Santa Cruz Island T. S. Brandegee CAS 1896 POM-359367 Hazardia detonsa Plants


ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN
Santa Rosa Island T. S. Brandegee HUH April 1888 GH Lyonothamnus floribundus subsp. aspleniifolius Plants
~ trip ~
Santa Rosa Island T. S. Brandegee UC June 1, 1888 UC-91944 Acourtia microcephala Plants
Santa Rosa Island T. S. Brandegee UC June 1, 1888 UC-118935 Pinus torreyana Plants
Santa Rosa Island T. S. Brandegee CAS June 1888 CAS-95301 Pinus torreyana Plants
Santa Rosa Island T. S. Brandegee HUH June 1888 A-357244 Pinus torreyana Plants