CAIRE, Justinian

From Islapedia
Justinian Caire portrait c. 1850s
Justinian Caire (1827-1897)
Justinian Caire, 1897

CAIRE, Justinian (1827-1897) was born on December 3, 1827 in Briançon in the French alps, the last of nine children who grew to adulthood of Jean Pierre Caire (47) and María Anna Adelaide Arduin (43). Caire was raised and educated in Briançon. In 1846 at the wish of his father, 19-year-old Justinian left his hometown to take a job working for cousins who had a hardware business just a short distance away in Genoa, Italy. In Genoa, he enrolled in a school of commerce and learned both Italian and the mercantile trade. Through fellow student Giosue Molfino he also met his future bride, Maria Cristina Molfino. By the fall of 1850, the young Caire had saved enough money to sail for California aboard Aurelie. Also aboard was 40-year-old Claude Long, with whom Caire entered business. On March 29, 1851, one hundred and fifty-two days later, the 23-year-old Caire arrived in San Francisco, landing as a merchant selling French hardware and luxury goods to the booming mining community in San Francisco. Caire & Long first appeared in the 1852 San Francisco directory at 178 Washington Street. In late 1854, Caire returned to Italy to marry his Genoese fiancé, and together they returned to San Francisco via Nicaragua and the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. In 1856, Caire and Long separated, and the business became Caire Brothers, reflecting the role of Justinian Caire’s older brother in supplying merchandise from France.

Justinian and Albina had nine children, six of whom survived to adulthood.

  • 1. Delphine Adelaide (1856-1949) unmarried
  • 2. Adrien Marius Arthur (1858-1858) died at birth
  • 3. Arthur Joshua (1859-1942) married Mary Suich in 1901
  • 4. Amelie Apolline (1861-1917) married Pietro Carlo Rossi December 26, 1880 at St. Mary’s Church, S.F.
  • 5. Albert Alexis (1862-1875) died in youth
  • 6. Agale Sophie (1864-1943) marred Goffredo Capuccio October 1903
  • 7. Frederic Felix (1865-1950) married Lillian Suich in 1900
  • 8. Helene Agnes (1867-1929) unmarried
  • 9. Marie Christine (1871-1873) died in youth

In 1860, Caire became a director of the French Bank, and in 1869 he became one of ten original incorporators of the Santa Cruz Island Company, formed to purchase the island from William Eustace Barron.

By 1880, Justinian Caire had acquired all of the stock in the Santa Cruz Island Company, becoming its sole shareholder. That same year he paid his first visit to the island and began his program of construction and development. Eight outlying ranches were created or expanded, and island operations were diversified to include viticulture and the raising of sheep and cattle.

Justinian Caire died on December 10, 1897. On December 14, his son, Arthur wrote Leon Valadie, assistant superintendent on the island: “I did not arrive in time to shut the eyes of my father. He died on 10 December at 2 in the morning and I did not arrive at the hose until towards 7 in the evening. He lost consciousness for 24 hours and his final hours were quite painful. We buried him on Sunday. My mother is holding up well and being brave. I think that she will endure this great unhappiness with resignation.”

Justinian Caire left everything in his will to his wife, unconditionally. Albina Caire became the sole owner of the Justinian Caire Company and the Santa Cruz Island Company.

Justinian Caire is buried in St. Mary's Cemetery, Oakland, California, along with many members of the Caire family.


» Chiles, Frederic Caire Justinian Caire and Santa Cruz Island: The Rise and Fall of a California Dynasty

In the News~

February 17, 1873 [SFDEB]: “Office of the Santa Cruz Island Company, San Francisco, February 6, 1873. In accordance with a resolution adopted at a meeting of the Trustees of the Santa Cruz Island Company, duly held on February 5th, 1873, a special meeting of the stockholders of said company is hereby called to be held at the office of the company, room No. 10, Belden’s Block, No. 137 Montgomery St., San Francisco, California, on Monday, the tenth day of March, 1873, at the hour of one o’clock PM of said day, to take into consideration and decide upon a proposition to increase the capital stock of said company from $300,000, divided into 600 shares pf $500 each, the present capital stock, to $500,000, divided into 100 shares of $5,000 each. Justinian Caire, T. Lemmen Meyer, Gustave Mahe, trustees.”

April 11, 1879 [Oakland Tribune]: “Administrator's Sale of Real Estate. Notice is hereby given that in pursuance of an order of the probate Court of the County of Alameda, State of California, made on the 31st day of March, A.D. 1879, in the matter of the estate of Adrien Gensoul, deceased, the undersigned, the executrix of the last will and testament of said deceased, will sell at private sale, to the highest bidder, for cash in gold coin of the United States, and subject to confirmation by said Probate Court, on or after Saturday the 19th day of April, A.D. 1879, all the right, title and interest that the said estate has by operation of law or otherwise... The following is the personal property to be sold under said order: Two—2— shares Santa Cruz Island Company's stock... ” [purchased by Justinian Caire]

November 8, 1881 [SBDP]: “The Star of Freedom, which came over from Santa Cruz Island on Sunday, returned yesterday, carrying Mons. Justinian Caire, President of the Santa Cruz Island Company, who goes on a visit of inspection to his island realm.”

September 12, 1883 [SBDI]: “Mr. and Mrs. Caire, with two of their daughters, sailed this morning for Santa Cruz Island on the Star of Freedom. They will remain there several weeks.”

March 19, 1885 [SBDP]: “The Star of Freedom came over yesterday from Santa Cruz Island. The schooner was to return today, taking over to the island Mr. Blanchard, formerly superintendent, and Mr. J. Caire, president of the island company.”

May 22, 1885 [SBDP]: “The schooner Star of Freedom came over from Santa Cruz Island yesterday with Justinian Caire, superintendent of the island. The vessel was to return today.”

April 30, 1886 [SBDP]: “The Eureka day before yesterday steamed over to Santa Cruz Island with Superintendent Caire and a party of fifteen from San Francisco, who will spend the summer on the island.”

June 7, 1886 [SBDP]: “The Star of Freedom yesterday took Superintendent Caire and son and daughter over to Santa Cruz Island. The two latter just arrived from San Francisco, and will spend the summer months on the island.”

July 7, 1885 [SBDI]: “In the matter of the petition of Justinian Caire for a new road district on Santa Cruz Island, Judge Chas. Fernald appeared in support of petition. Taken under advisement.”

July 10, 1885 [SBDI]: “In the matter of the petition of Justinian Caire for a new road district on Santa Cruz Island. The Board being fully advised in the premises now makes its order denying the prayer of said petition.”

July 10, 1886 [SBDI]: “Steamer Los Angeles, on her way up yesterday, stopped at Santa Cruz Island and took on board Mr. Caire’s family, who has been spending the summer there.”

August 5, 1886 [SBDP]: “Justinian Caire, Superintendent of the Santa Cruz Island Company, with his family arrived by steamer from the north last night. The party were taken over to Santa Cruz Island this morning by the schooner Star of Freedom.”

March 19, 1888 [SBDI]: “The schooner Star of Freedom left for Santa Cruz Island yesterday, with Mr. J. Caire, president of the Santa Cruz Island Company, on board.”

July 12, 1888 [SBMP]: “Justinian Caire was a passenger on the steamer Santa Rosa last evening for San Francisco.”

December 4, 1888 [SBMP]: “The family of Justinian Caire left Santa Cruz Island Sunday morning on the steamer Eureka for San Francisco.”

December 18, 1888 [SBDI]: “Mr. J. Caire, part owner of Santa Cruz Island, was a passenger today over the Southern Pacific bound for San Francisco.”

December 19, 1888 [SBMP]: “Justinian Caire was a passenger on yesterday morning’s train bound for San Francisco.”

July 7, 1890 [SBDI]: “Our citizens are doing nobly in arranging for the reception of the Editorial Association… Mr. Justinian Caire, the president of the Santa Cruz Island Company, in his reply to our application for leave to land upon the Company’s wharf, says: ‘The authorization asked in your favor of the 3rd is cordially granted. You will consider yourselves at home on Santa Cruz Island.’…”

June 5, 1891 [SBMP]: “The City Marshall directed to clean city block 216. The City Engineer presented his report and plan for a boulevard along the beach from State Street to Castle Rock… The total estimate of cost, made by the engineer, is $20,665. Mayor Barber stated the proposition would be presented to Mr. Caire, secretary of the Santa Cruz Island Company, and Mr. Stearns, and the stage that without a doubt both would grant the necessary land after the plans have been resubmitted to them. A motion was carried that the mayor appoint a committee to interview the Santa Cruz Island Company relative to this matter.”

July 9, 1891 [LAT]: “The olive growers. They meet at San Francisco and organize…The following officers were elected: Elwood Cooper, Santa Barbara, president; John Bidwell, Cuico, vice-president; Justinian Caire, San Francisco, treasurer; B. M. Lelong, San Francisco, secretary…The association will be known as the Olive Growers’ Association of San Francisco…”

August 20, 1891 [SBMP]: “Mr. And Mrs. Justinian Caire of Santa Cruz Island left yesterday for San Francisco.”

November 22, 1891 [SBMP]: “Justinian Caire and wife are at the Arlington. Mr. Caire is president of the Santa Cruz Island Company.”

January 15, 1892 [SBDI]: “Mr. Justinian Caire, President of the Santa Cruz Island Company, came over yesterday and registered at the Arlington. He will leave for San Francisco tomorrow by rail.”

January 16, 1892 [LAT/SB]: “Justinian Caire of the Santa Cruz Island Company was in the city yesterday.”

May 19, 1892 [SBMP]: “At The Hotels. Arlington. ... Justinian Caire...”

May 19, 1892 [SBDI]: “Notice. All tourists, seal hunters, fishermen and others are warned not to trespass on Santa Cruz Island without first obtaining the permission of the Superintendent on the Island, or from the Directors in San Francisco. All trespassers will be dealt with according to law. Justinian Caire, President, Santa Cruz Island Company.”

July 22, 1892 [SBMP]: “Olive Growers. The Association in Annual Session at San Francisco. President [Elwood] Cooper Re-Elected. San Francisco, July 21. The convention of olive growers opened here today, Ellwood Cooper presiding. In his annual address he urged the necessity of additional legislation for the prevention of the adulteration of olive oil... At a meeting of the directors, Ellwood Cooper was elected President, Frank Kimball Vice-President, Justinian Caire of San Francisco Treasurer, B. M. DeLong of San Francisco Secretary.”

October 5, 1892 [LAT/SB]: “J. Caire of the Santa Cruz Island Company arrived from San Francisco yesterday.”

February 5, 1893 [LAT]: “Justinian Caire, the owner of Santa Cruz Island, came over in the Star of Freedom on her eastern trip, and will return tomorrow.”

February 7, 1893 [SBMP]: “Mr. Justinian Caire, who came over last week from the Santa Cruz Island on the schooner Star of Freedom, left Sunday night on the Corona for San Francisco.”

April 24, 1893 [LAT]: “Justinian Caire, the wealthy hardware merchant of San Francisco, and chief owner of Santa Cruz Island, has returned from a short stay at his island home, being a passenger on the Star of Freedom on her last trip.”

April 25, 1893 [LAT/SB]: “Justinian Caire left for San Francisco on Sunday’s steamer.”

May 14, 1893 [LAT/SB]: “Justinian Caire of San Francisco, president of the Santa Cruz Island Company, has had a 40-ton schooner built to run between this port and Santa Cruz Island. The captain of the Star of Freedom has gone to San Francisco to bring the new vessel down.”

May 19, 1893 [LAT/SB]: “The new gasoline engine steam schooner purchased by Justinian Caire for the Santa Cruz Island trade, is expected here tomorrow.”

June 26, 1893 [SBDI]: “The steam schooner Santa Cruz arrived in harbor Sunday night from San Francisco, which port she left Saturday morning. The Santa Cruz is the vessel recently built for Justinian Caire for the coasting trade between Santa Barbara and Santa Cruz Island, and the island and San Francisco. She is forty-three tons burden, sixty-four feet in length, eighteen feet beam, and has a forty-four-horse power gasoline engine. Captain John Reveille is in command. The trip from San Francisco was made without break or accident, and was entirely satisfactory, the Santa Cruz proving herself to be a safe vessel, with good speed. Everything about her is new and clean. It is satisfactory to know that the business of the Santa Cruz Island Company has expanded to such an extent to render the building of such a vessel necessary. Mr. Justinian Caire and family were expected to arrive on the Corona from San Francisco this afternoon, in which case they would leave on the Santa Cruz tonight for the island.”

June 28, 1893 [LAT/SB]: “Justinian Caire, manager of Santa Cruz Island, came in on the Corona Monday night.”

July 29, 1893 [SBDI]: “The steamer Santa Cruz arrived from the island yesterday afternoon and returned in the evening with Justinian Caire, owner of the island, who arrived on the Santa Rosa from San Francisco.”

July 29, 1893 [LAT/SB]: “The steamer Santa Rosa arrived from the north Friday afternoon with the following named passengers: …Justinian Caire…”

August 9, 1893 [SBDI]: “Mr. Justinian Caire of the Santa Cruz Island Company leaves tonight for San Francisco.”

August 30, 1893 [SBDI]: “There is a case that will come before our courts shortly that calls for the best legal talent. It is well known that Justinian Caire of San Francisco, has been the owner of Santa Cruz Island for many years. As he expressed it to the writer months ago, ‘I have bought the property with my own money as a heritage to my children. I have spent a great deal in the way of improvements and love to go there myself, and enjoy the quiet place. It is my property and I do not wish to be molested by strangers. Camping parties have invaded my rights, killed my stock, burned my trees, destroyed my improvements and annoyed me in many ways.’ The law, as we are informed, gives the space between high and low water to the people. No one can own that. On the rocks which surround this island grow thousands and tens of thousands of abalone. They are a shellfish and also belong to the people. No one can own them. But, in order to gather them, a person must infringe on the property rights of Mr. Caire. They must use his shores for drying or preserving their meat and cleaning the shells which are worth $40 per ton at wholesale. A few weeks ago, some men went to the island, gathered a lot of abalone, dried the meat and sacked it and got it ready for shipment, all on Mr. Caire’s land. Captain Burtis went after the men and their goods as per agreement. It was found that the boat could not touch the land at the spot where the fish lay, so the men began to transport it to Surprise Harbor. While engaged in taking the last load there, the Santa Cruz, a gasoline boat belonging to the island, confiscated the whole lot of goods. For this, several arrests have been made, and it is on this account that the nice legal talent will be required. It is a question of great interest to the people of this city who consider it a hardship not to be allowed to go to and from the island, camp there as much as they wish and appropriate firewood, shoot the birds and seals to their heart’s content. Until very lately, Mr. Caire has been very indulgent, but he seems to consider it time to take a firm hand in the matter, and has already ordered away several parties who have landed on the island. The above facts as we learn them and they are given by us with no prejudice to any one, reserving to the majesty of the law the whole trial of the case. We have only intended to give a statement of facts with no opinion either way.”

August 31, 1893 [LAT/SB]: “There is trouble on the island kingdom of President Justinian Caire of the Santa Cruz Island Company. It appears that Mr. Caire has had his son on the island as superintendent, and that there is considerable pains being taken to discourage people from landing thereon. Two young men from this city, R. Vasquez and Manuel Alves, have been on the island since July 15 gathering abalone shells and abalones from the rocks and cliffs on the north side. They had collected fifteen sacks of abalone meat and twelve sacks of shells, and on the 24th began taking them to Surprise Harbor, where the schooner Restless was to come and take the boys and their load to this port. It proved to be a surprise harbor for them, for when they were bringing their last load in the skiff from Lady Harbor, they saw the gasoline launch Santa Cruz leaving in a hurried manner, and on following her in a skiff, found that she had taken their stuff on board. They went to the superintendent, but he would give them no satisfaction and ordered them away. Saturday they swore to a complaint charging young Mr. Caire and the steam schooner’s captain with theft, and Constable Dan Dover left for Santa Cruz Island on the Restless Sunday with the intention of arresting the two men.”

September 1, 1893 [LAT/SB]: “The constable, Dan Dover, came back from the islands Wednesday night, and announced that Mr. Caire and the captain of the gasoline schooner at Santa Cruz, whom he went over to arrest, had steamed out of the harbor on the gasoline boat, and beat the Restless over, defying his attempts to arrest them. They were arrested here and released on their own recognizance. They returned to the island Thursday.”

September 5, 1893 [SBDI]: “The Santa Cruz Island suits have been settled to the mutual satisfaction of all, and the case taken from court. It was the result of a misunderstanding that the affair took place. This is better for all and cheaper for all.”

September 18, 1893 [SBDI]: “The Corona goes north tonight with the following passengers: Miss Delphine Caire, Miss Marie Caire, N. Breck, G. A. Halfield, W. H. Norway, A. B. Williams, Mrs. M. F. Hunt, E. H. Merrill and Justinian Caire.”

September 19, 1893 [LAT/SB]: “Justinian Caire, president of the Santa Cruz Island Company, is in the city looking after his property interests here.”

September 29, 1893 [LAT/SB]: “The Santa Cruz is in from the island of that name, having brought over Justinian Caire and family.”

April 16, 1894 [SBDI]: “Justinian Caire, owner of Santa Cruz Island, arrived Sunday from San Francisco with a party. They took the gasoline schooner Santa Cruz for the island, leaving yesterday afternoon.”

April 19, 1894 [SBMP]: “Justinian Caire and family left on the schooner Santa Cruz yesterday for their island home.”

October 9, 1894 [SBMP]: “Mr. Justinian Caire and Mrs. A. C. Caire of Santa Cruz Island are registered at the San Marcos.”

October 10, 1894 [LAT/SB]: “Mr. Justinian Caire and Mrs. A. C. Caire came over from Santa Cruz Island yesterday afternoon on their schooner the Santa Cruz.”

October 11, 1894 [SBDI]: “Mr. J. Caire left last evening on the steamer Corona for San Francisco, after spending six months on the island of Santa Cruz.”

October 12, 1894 [LAT/SB]: “Justinian Caire left last evening for San Francisco, after spending six months on Santa Cruz Island.”

November 22, 1894 [SBDI]: “Mr. Justinian Caire of Santa Cruz Island returned yesterday from San Francisco and registered at the Arlington.”

November 22, 1894 [SBDI]: “The gasoline yacht Santa Cruz sailed this morning for Santa Cruz Island taking a party consisting of Justinian Caire, three other gentlemen and two ladies from San Francisco.”

November 25, 1894 [LAT/SB]: “The gasoline schooner Santa Cruz arrived yesterday afternoon from Santa Cruz Island and returned there this morning with Justinian Caire and a party of friends who came down from San Francisco yesterday.”

December 29, 1894 [SBDI]: “Mr. Justinian Caire of Santa Cruz Island made the Independent office a very pleasant call yesterday.”

July 21, 1895 [LAT/SB]: “The schooner Restless returns safe to port. She lost her mainmast in a squall of Santa Cruz Island. The anxiety that has hung over this city like a pall for the past two days on account of the uncertainty of the party that left here on Wednesday morning on the Restless, has been relieved by the return of the Genova that went in search of the supposed wrecked vessel… The Genova found the schooner Restless docked at Prisoners’ Harbor, making repairs to its rigging and mainmast… On account of some past misunderstandings between Justinian Caire, owner of Santa Cruz Island, and Captain Burtis, part owner of the schooner Restless, the vessel was not permitted to come alongside the dock at Prisoners’ Harbor until after considerable parley between Caire and Burtis… It is due to Mr. Caire to say that he refused to permit Captain Burtis to dock, because the latter has been in the habit of landing camping parties on the island against the former’s protest…”

August 23, 1895 [LAT/SCat]: “Justinian Caire, owner of Santa Cruz Island, arrived at the Metropole last evening, accompanied by his wife and daughter.”

August 23, 1895 [LAT/SB]: “Justinian Caire of San Francisco, owner of Santa Cruz Island in the Santa Barbara channel, proposes to make an island resort of it after the manner and style of Santa Catalina Island. Mr. Caire is now at Catalina taking notes to use when he begins work at Santa Cruz. Other parties are interested in this enterprise with Mr. Caire, and there is no doubt of their ability to command all the money necessary for the undertaking. A magnificent hotel will be erected, and the island made a first class resort. The natural attractions of Santa Cruz are said to surpass those of Catalina.”

August 26, 1895 [LAT/SCat]: “Justinian Caire, wife and daughter of San Francisco left by this afternoon’s boat, expressing much regret because they were compelled by home interests to do so. Mr. Caire has been a resident of San Francisco for the past forty years. This is his first visit to Catalina, and he is much impressed with its importance as a resort.”

August 28, 1895 [LAT/SB]: “It is reported here that Justinian Caire has about consummated arrangements with the Banning brothers of Catalina whereby the latter will run their steamer Hermosa to Santa Cruz Island as soon as Mr. Caire completes the erection of his new hotel.”

August 28, 1895 [SFCall]: “Justinian Caire, owner of the Santa Cruz Island in the Santa Barbara Channel, and a resident of San Francisco, is at the Metropole accompanied by his wife and daughter. Mr. Caire is not here solely for recreation, it is rumored, but he is quietly taking notes of this famous island resort with a view to establishing a similar watering-place on his own island. While Mr. Caire is very reserved in regard to his future plans, it is currently understood that he intends to compete for custom[ers] with other coast resorts. It is said that the other parties are interested in the enterprise with Mr. Caire, and all necessary money is at their command. A magnificent hotel will be erected and the island made a first-class resort. Santa Cruz Island is situated some twenty-five miles out at sea from Santa Barbara, and comprises about 60,000 acres of land. It is, like Catalina, of mountainous formation.”

September 1, 1895 [LAT/SB]: “The three boats which regularly ply between Santa Barbara and the islands, the Santa Cruz, the gasoline launch belonging to Justinian Caire… All came in yesterday afternoon.”

September 1, 1895 [LAT/SB]: “Rumor has it that Walter Raymond and Justinian Caire will join forces, and that the San Marcos hostelry and the Santa Cruz Island resort will be run in conjunction. This is not given as positive information, but such is the talk heard on the streets. Mr. Caire is still in Avalon, and until his return, nothing positive will be known as to his intentions regarding what he will do on his island, the Santa Cruz.”

September 2, 1895 [SFCall]: “Santa Barbara, September 1. A report is in circulation that Justinian Caire, president of the company owning Santa Cruz Island, and the gentleman leading in the proposed plans for the building of a great hotel and the establishment of a summer resort there, together with Walter Raymond, who has recently leased the San Marcos Hotel and will henceforth bring all Raymond excursions here, will unite their plans, with the intention of establishing a summer resort that shall eclipse anything upon this coast. They are working quietly and refuse to divulge their plans.”

September 3, 1895 [SFCall]: “Plans for a hotel on Santa Cruz Island have been drawn to the order of Justinian Caire. A large number of cottages are included in the design.”

September 7, 1895 [SBMP]: “It is reported in Santa Barbara that Justinian Caire, president of the company which owns Santa Cruz Island, and who is taking a lead in the establishment of a fine resort there, has joined forces with Walter Raymond, who recently leased San Marcos Hotel in Santa Barbara with the intention of establishing a summer resort on the island that shall eclipse everything on the coast.”

September 8, 1895 [SBMP]: “The hotel on Santa Cruz Island is a sure thing.”

September 11, 1895 [SBMP]: “When the coast road is completed, the hotel on Santa Cruz Island finished and the water question settled, Santa Barbara will grow out of sight.”

September 11, 1895 [SBMP]: “At the invitation of Mr. Justinian Caire, yesterday Mr. Louis Raffour and son and Mr. Fred Lux of San Francisco, left for Santa Cruz Island for a week’s stay.”

September 17, 1895 [LAT/SB]: “The schooner Santa Cruz is in from Justinian Caire’s island ranch.”

September 21, 1895 [MD]: “Plans for a hotel on Santa Cruz Island have been drawn to the order of Justinian Caire. A number of cottages are included in the design.”

October 19, 1895 [LAT/SF]: “Coming by steamer. San Francisco October 18 the passengers on the steamer Santa Rosa for Santa Barbara: Justinian Caire…”

October 20, 1895 [LAT/SB]: “Justinian Caire, owner of Santa Cruz Island, returned today from San Francisco where he has been for several weeks on business.”

October 22, 1895 [LAT/SB]: “Mr. Caire’s resort. Justinian Caire, president and principal owner of the Santa Cruz Island Company, was seen today in regard to the reports published some time ago to the effect that he intended building a hotel on the island. Mr. Caire states that such is the case; he will fit out the resort in a way that will surpass anything of the kind on the western coast. The company has ample capital and Mr. Caire himself is several times a millionaire. He will spare no expense whatever, and those who know him intimately say that anything he undertakes will be carried out regardless of obstacles. The plans for the new resort are not yet completed, but Mr. Caire says that simultaneously with the opening of the through coast railroad the new hotel will be ready for business.”

January 6, 1896 [LAT/SM]: “Justinian Caire of San Francisco is registered at the Arcade.”

January 28, 1896 [SFCall]: “The channel was so rough this morning that the gasoline schooner Santa Cruz, belonging to Justinian Caire and plying between Santa Barbara and the island, which left port, was obliged to turn back.”

February 4, 1896 [LAT/SF]: “Coming by boat. San Francisco. The passengers on the steamer Mexico for Santa Barbara: …Justinian Caire…”

February 5, 1896 [SBMP]: “Justinian Caire, owner of Santa Cruz Island, arrived on the Mexico yesterday afternoon.”

February 24, 1896 [SBDN]: “We have the information from very good authority that the proprietors of Santa Cruz Island are contemplating the establishment, in Santa Barbara, of an agency for the disposal of the products of their large property. If they so decide, the agency will be open every day in the year and the people of this city and vicinity would always find cattle, horses, fowls, vegetables, etc. They would find sheep, either alive or in the shape of dressed meat at the very lowest market prices. We need not speak of the products of this splendid island…There is just one thing about this island that is not to our mind. It ought to be owned by the State. Such a property is too unique to belong to private individuals. Probably it could not be purchased for a cool million dollars, but that doesn’t alter the case at all… We do not suggest that Mr. Caire and his associates are not entitled to their own, but we think the State should acquire by purchase this wonderfully productive and beautiful little principality…”

February 29, 1896 [SBDN]: “The Santa Cruz Island Company schooner, Santa Cruz, left for the island this morning with Justinian Caire on board.”

March 20, 1896 [SBDN]: “Justinian Caire is over from Santa Cruz Island and is a guest at the Raffour House. Mr. Caire will take 40 sheep shearers over to Santa Cruz tomorrow and shearing will commence at once.”

June 13, 1896 [SBDN]: “Mr. Justinian Caire left for San Francisco yesterday afternoon on the St. Paul, the steamer going to Santa Cruz Island for him.”

June 18, 1896 [SBDN]: “A dispatch was received in this city yesterday from Mr. Justinian Caire’s son in San Francisco that it had been deemed inadvisable, at present, to grant any requests for permits to camp on Santa Cruz Island. As the island is private property, it will save annoyance and perhaps trouble if people refrain from camping on another man’s property.”

July 27, 1896 [LAT]: “The yacht Dawn left Santa Barbara Thursday at 3 P. M. for Santa Cruz Island. In the channel the wind was blowing a gale, and the waves ran high… Coasting southward, Prisoners’ Harbor was sighted at 9 P. M., and the boat came to anchor… The next morning, after a three-mile walk up a beautiful canyon, the principal ranch on the island was reached. Through the courtesy of Mr. Caire, the manager, the party enjoyed the morning visiting the different points of interest…”

October 21, 1896 [LAT/SB]: “Justinian Caire, owner of Santa Cruz Island, leaves for San Francisco tonight.”

December 10, 1897 [SFCall]: “Oakland, December 9. Justinian Caire, who for nearly half a century has been engaged in the hardware and wirework business in San Francisco, is at the point of death at his home in this city. Mr. Caire is one of the best-known merchants of San Francisco, and he has always enjoyed first-class commercial rating. He came to the coast around the horn in 1851, and at once went into business. He opened a small hardware business and prospered from the first. His first place of business was on Washington Street, in what was at that time the commercial center of San Francisco. His business gradually grew, and he added to it the wirework business, in which he has become well known. Several years ago he moved his family to this city and has since then resided with his wife and grown-up family at Eighth and Harrison streets. About eighteen months ago Mr. Caire was stricken with paralysis, and his sons, who are with him in the business, persuaded him to retire from active work. He did so, and enjoyed moderate health until two days ago, when he was again taken suddenly ill and as contained to bed. All today he has been unconscious, and tonight Dr. Adams expected death hourly. Mr. Caire will be 70 years of age in a few days.

December 11, 1897 [LAT/SB]: “A. J. Caire of Santa Cruz Island came over by boat yesterday and proceeded north immediately by train, having been summoned in San Francisco by the alarming illness of his father, Justinian Caire, of that city.”

December 11, 1897 [SFCall]: “Oakland, December 10. Justinian Caire, who for more than twenty years has resided in this city at the corner of Eighth and Harrison streets, died of paralysis at an early hour this morning. About a year and a half ago Mr. Caire was attacked with paralysis, and was induced by his two sons to retire from business. He was a strong man, who took great care of himself during his lifetime, and it was hoped that he would entirely recover from the attack. This hope was not fulfilled, and two days ago he was forced to take to his bed. From which he never rose. He leaves a widow, two sons and four daughters. The funeral services will be held on Sunday from the family residence.”

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