WATERS, Edith Scott

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CREEDE, Dorothy (1895-1918), daughter born February 23, 1895 to Edith Scott Waters Walker [later Edith Basford/later Edith Burritt], was the adopted daughter of Captain William G. Waters of San Miguel Island. Edith ran away from San Miguel Island, briefly married John Mackay Walker, gave birth to little Dorothy, gave the child up for adoption and then married Harold Roberts Basford (1873-1954).

Dorothy Creede (1895-1918)

In the meantime, on September 6, 1895, baby Dorothy was adopted by Nicolas C. Creede (née William Harvey, 1843-1897), millionaire mine owner and founder of Creede, Colorado. The child was well cared for in Los Angeles by two nursemaids and her doting new father. Creede’s and his wife, Nancy Louisa, were formally separated on January 2, 1897, and by his account, Creede regretted his marriage. Of Dorothy’s adoption, his wife simply stated: “That was Creede’s doing.”

When Dorothy was three years old, Nicolas C. Creede died by morphine overdose in 1897, leaving his fortune to little Dorothy. Litigation ensued for years over the custody of little Dorothy and her inherited fortune. Creede’s estranged widow, Nancy, endeavored to break the will; Edith Scott Waters Walker sought to regain custody of the daughter whom she had given up for adoption. Edith, prevailed in the courts and regained possession of her daughter. They lived in San Francisco, but by 1906 had disappeared from all knowledge of their friends. The 1910 United States census lists Edith D[orothy] Creede, age 15, living in Sausalito, Marin County, California.

On November 11, 1916 Dorothy Creede married California-born locomotion engineer, William Lloyd Ritchie (1878-1943) [SS#700-10-5943], sixteen-years her senior. They had a daughter, Edith R. [SS#550-30-0904], born on September 1, 1917. Dorothy Creede died on October 26, 1918, less than two years after her marriage. Her ashes are interred in the San Francisco Columbarium. Dorothy’s only child, daughter Edith R. Ritchie, never married. She died on October 16, 1974.

» Waters, Edith Scott; Schroder, Mary F. Nicholas Creede and the Amethyst Mine (2004)

In the News~

March 24, 1892 [SFC]: “People laughed at N. C. Creede, while he was prospecting in the wilderness that is now the busy mining camp of Creede, but it is his turn to laugh now.”

July 6, 1895 [LAH]: “Levanted in a rowboat. How a young girl escaped from San Miguel Island. Would go on the stage. Married to the son of a former wealthy man. Mrs. Edith Waters Walker is her name and she brings suit for divorce — What her husband says. Information has been received in this city to the effect that Mrs. Edith Waters Walker had commenced suit for divorce against her husband, John MacKay Walker, who is residing in Los Angeles. Additional interest was lent to the case from the fact that the husband is a son of Joshua M. Walker, a former partner of John W. Mackay, the bonanza king. Mr. walker is connected with a gas saving apparatus company and resides on South Spring Street, where he was seen last evening regarding the action taken by his wife. He is 22 years of age, stands over 6 feet in height, has dark hair, blue eyes and very pleasing manners. “I am not in the least surprised at my wife bringing this suit,“ he said, after reading the dispatch from San Francisco. “It is what I have expected. I have not as yet received notification of the action, so of course am unacquainted with any of the charges on which she bases her complaint. If the grounds are at all reasonable I shall make no defense, but will allow her to get the decree. Should the complaint contain anything that is wrong I will of course contest it. In fact, it would have been but a matter of short time before I would have brought suit for divorce against her and the reason I have delayed thus far is because I knew it would have been postponed. Her lawyer, Roger Johnson of San Francisco, is engaged on her other suit for $5000 against her step-father, Captain Waters of Santa Barbara, and a continuance until that one is disposed of would have been asked had I brought suit.“ “What are the grounds on which you proposed to base your action?" was asked. “Well, I cannot speak of their nature at present. While there were several different ones it was a succession of events. I did not know but my wife's complaint is based on incompatibility of temper,“ he added, “for I know that we began to disagree shortly after the honeymoon. I married my wife in San Francisco last May. We had known each other about six weeks. Two weeks before our marriage she had made her debut at the Orpheum, where she sang. As she wanted to further cultivate her voice and follow the stage as a professional and also to help out with expenses she continued on the boards after the marriage ceremony. I was employed in the power house of the San Francisco and San Mateo motor railway. Sometime after her engagement at the Orpheum she went to Portland and sang in the Anheuser saloon. In October I left San Francisco and came to Los Angeles. She came down during the same month and appeared here with the Benson Dramatic Company, which played at the Grand Opera House. Her stage name was Ynez Dean. After this she went on the road with another company organized by Dr. Stoessel, who got into trouble with Benson. They toured about Southern Califoria, visiting all of the principal stands, and finally went to Ensenada, Lower California, where the company broke up. She returned to Los Angeles and lived with me from the first part of last December until February. Yes, it was during this time that we agreed to disagree. She went to San Francisco two months ago. Her child is about 4 month old, and I am quite willing that she should have it, if such is her desire. During all of her stage career she has never risen above mediocrity and has appeared only with indifferent companies. It is unture that her stepfather is very wealthy. He is well-to-do, but is not worth $500,000 as claimed. He owns San Miguel Island. She was early left an orphan and adopted by Mrs. Scott, who afterwards married Captain Waters. My wife lived on the island at various times during a number of years. She claimed to me that she was kept a prisoner there, but I afterwards ascertained this was wrong. She had all the comforts of a home and frequently visited the mainland. As to whether or not she entertained company at her island home, I cannot say. The statement that she used to herd cattle is ridiculous, as is the one that she was the only woman, besides a squaw on the island. A housekeeper was there, and my wife was given all of the comfort for which any one could reasonably ask. She finally got tired of life there and determined to get away. The opportunity presented itself one day when she persuaded a man in a row boat to take her over to Santa Barbara. In reality she ran away from the island and went to San Francisco, as she wanted to go on the stage. It was while she was living in the north that we were married. The suit for $5000 against Captain Waters is for money claimed to have been entrusted to him for her by her mother. It was brought last July.”

July 24, 1895 [LAT]: “Edith Waters’ baby. She left it here in charge of an aged friend. The fact has just leaked out that Mrs. John M. Walker, whose stage name is Edith Waters, gave birth to a child in the County Hospital, while stranded here about four months ago. After she was able to travel again, she left her baby in charge of Mrs. M. S. Chisolm of No. 809 South Spring Street and went to San Francisco. Mrs. Chisolm, although a poor woman, has the baby on her hands and is caring for it the beast she can, neither of the parents having as yet done anything for the little one—the mother perhaps because she is too poor, and the father because he doesn’t want to. Young Walker separated from his wife before the child was born. He was employed until recently by the Los Angeles Gas Saving Association, and is thought to have gone hence to San Bernardino. The romantic history of Mrs. Walker (Edith Waters) has of late occupied considerable space in the daily papers. She is the step-daughter of Captain Waters, proprietor of San Miguel Island who, because the lonely life she had to lead after the death of her foster mother, surreptitiously left the island on a sealing schooner and went on the stage in San Francisco, where she married John Mackay Walker, the son of an ex-millionaire who was formerly John W. Mackay’s boon companion. Young Walker had nothing but love to give his wife, and this soon waned, so she has been compelled to stick to the stage and hoe her own row. The baby’s father has never been to see it, and probably never will. Mrs. Walker has written Mrs. Chisolm to try to get some young married couple to adopt the infant, which is a girl and not very well at present. Mrs. Walker appeared as ‘Inez Dean’ in the Tar and Tartar in this city last November.”

July 24, 1895 [SFCall]: “A Los Angeles waif, actress Lillian Waters' baby left to the care of strangers. Kept from the orphan asylum by the charity of a poor woman. Los Angeles, Cal., July 23 — The three months old babe of Lillian Waters, the actress, lies ill in a poorly furnished room on South Spring Street, and but for the care of an old lady would occupy a cot in the Orphan Asylum. Neither the father not the mother of the child has contributed anything to its support and both seem to have completely deserted it. The father is John Mackay Walker, the son of John W. Mackay's old partner, at one time a millionaire. Young Walker was employed here for some time in the gas company's office, but left some weeks ago for San Bernardino, and his resent whereabouts is unknown. His marriage with Miss Waters proved a failure, and shortly before the baby was born he deserted her. Mrs. Chisolm, who is caring for the child, is very poor and cannot take proper care of it and is looking around for some couple to adopt it.”

August 9, 1895 [LAH]: “A child's good fortune. The Walker baby adopted by Mr. and Mrs. Creede. Taken from the County Hospital where she was born, and adopted by a wealthy family. Another chapter has been added to the story of the domestic difficulties of John Mackay Walker and his young actress wife, Edith Waters Walker. Their little infant girl which was born in the county hospital, and afterwards deserted by the gay young mother was yesterday taken into the home of Mr. and Mrs. N. C> Creede, who reside at 601 Pearl Street, in this city, and will soon be legally adopted by them. Mrs. Creede became interested in the little one sometime ago, and has since corresponded with mother in San Francisco. and as a result has been given the child. The baby is a bright little girl, and will henceforth live in far different surroundings from those into which she was ushered at her birth. Mr. and Mrs. Creede have no children of their own. They are very wealthy and will provide for their young protege handsomely. A remarkable feature of the case is the fact that the child's mother was herself adopted by a wealthy family when she was young.”

September 7, 1895 [LAH]: “N. C. Creede filed his petition for the adoption of Dorothy Talbott Hitt Walker, aged 6 months, which was presented before Judge Van Dyke and the necessary order was made granting the same. This is the child of Edith Walker, an actress who was deserted by her husband in this city and about which so much appeared in the newspapers at the time. Mr. Creede is the well known Colorado mining man from whom the town of Creede was named.”

September 7, 1895 [LAT]: “Baby Walker, the daughter of Edith Scott Waters, has become Edith Dorothy Creede. The change of name was effected by order of Judge Van Dyke yesterday, he sitting in chambers at the time. The proper petition of N. C. Creede and wife was presented, accompanied by the written consent of the mother of the little one, and the necessary decree of adoption was thereupon rendered. Dorothy Talbot Hitt Walker thereby became Edith Dorothy Creede. Edith Scott Waters, the mother of the adopted baby, was herself adopted when quite young by a Mrs. Stone of San Francisco. Mrs. Stone, it will be remembered, married a Captain Waters, who was the owner of San Miguel Island and was an extensive sheep-raiser. The young woman whose name had changed with that of her adopted mother in time went to San Francisco, where she was trained for the stage. She afterward married John Walker, a son of Mr. Walker, who had been a warm friend of J. W. Mackay. John Walker was a streetcar conductor. In course of time the Walkers came to Los Angeles, where he found employment. Matters between the young couple did not move as smoothly as they might, and in time the two were divorced. The little girl whose name was by a decree of the court changed yesterday, was born about six months ago, her mother being in the County Hospital at the time. The baby for a time was cared for by a woman who had befriended the mother after her divorce. This woman became unable to care for the little one any longer, and, this fact became public, the attention of the Creedes was attracted to it.”

February 1, 1896 [LAT]: “Millionaire Creede is living contentedly in Los Angeles… The tiniest, but not the least important, member of Col. Creede’s household is the baby of Edith Waters Walker, which the Creedes have adopted. It is a beautiful child, and Col. and Mrs. Creede fairly worship it. Having no children of their own, the little one receives all the care and attention that would be bestowed on their own offspring, had they been blessed with any….”

January 8, 1897 [LAT]: “Mrs. Creede quits. Takes $20,000 to leave… In due course of time a divorce will follow… Mrs. Creede accepted $20,000 cash in hand and surrendered all further claims upon her husband… They had found out long ago that they were uncompanionable and their married life had been far from pleasant, so that when his wife suggested leaving him, he offered to pay her $20,000 if she would depart from his bed and board immediately… She said ‘I’m going to Mississippi to live…’ When asked what disposition would be made of the little child that the Creedes adopted about two years ago, Mrs. Creede said: ‘I guess Creede will keep it. I don’t want it and didn’t want to take it at first. That was Creede’s doing. I wouldn’t pack it half way across the continent, and it only two years old…’ Little Edith Waters Walker, the adopted child of Mr. Creede, began life under a cloud of romance. About four years ago, Edith Waters, the adopted daughter of Captain Waters, the wealthy sheepraiser who lives on San Miguel Island, tired of the lonely life to which she was condemned and ran away from home with the help of a fisherman. From Santa Barbara she went to San Francisco, where she appeared on the stage at one of the variety theaters. While engaged at the Tivell she married a worthless actor, named Walker, whom she was obliged to support out of her earnings. Later the pair came to Los Angeles and played at the Burbank. While here Walker deserted his wife, leaving her in a delicate condition and unable to support herself. She was so reduced in circumstances that she was obliged to go to the county hospital where she gave birth to a daughter, who was given her mother’s name, Edith Walker. In order to supper herself and child, Mrs. Walker returned to the stage in San Francisco leaving her baby in the care of a widow on Spring Street, with the promise that she would forward regular remittances for the child’s benefit. When the mother for some cause, failed to provide for her child it was found necessary to make some other arrangement for its care. Mr. Creede heard of the cause and having no children of his own was so taken with the beauty of the abandoned infant that he resolved to legally adopt it. As a result, it was taken into the Creede household where it has received every conceivable care and attention.”

January 9, 1897 [DMN]: “Los Angeles, Cal. January 8. W. C. Creede, the millionaire miner, after whom the town of Creede, Colorado is named, and his wife have separated. A stipulation drawn up and signed several days ago by which Mrs. Creede accepted $20,000 cash in hand and surrendered all further claim upon her husband, at the same time voluntarily withdrawing from his home in this city.”

July 13, 1897 [LAT]: “N. C. Creede dead. The famous miner ends his unhappy life. Nagged beyond endurance. Return of his wife to plague him after separation. Nicholas C. Creede, discoverer of the wonderful Colorado mining camp which is known today from end to end of the world by his name, died last night from an overdose of morphine. It may have been that it was accident, for he was accustomed to use the drug for neuralgia, but there is a possibility that, unhappy in spite of his wealth, in spite of his love for his tiny adopted daughter, in spite of his beautiful home and everything which should have made him contented, he meant to put an end to his ill-health and to escape from the wife from whom he had been separated for so many months past, but who had returned to Los Angeles and commenced again to make life a burden for him. Creede made a fortune from his Colorado mining ventures, and then sold all his mines and came to California to spend the remaining years of his life in peace. For four years past he has lived in the old Northam place on the corner of Sixth and Pearl streets in a handsome mansion surrounded by gardens, which are among the most beautiful in this city. Yesterday the retired miner seemed anxious and depressed. The wife to whom he had paid $20,000 for a promise that she would never trouble him again, had returned to Los Angeles again, and was trying desperately to see him. At dusk yesterday the gardener, Frank L. Maas, walked by the summer house, which stands in a little wood of palm trees back of the house. He noticed his master sitting in a rustic chair, with his head leaning back, apparently asleep. Something struck him as wrong, and he went to the house to summon Creede’s brother-in-law, W. M. Phifer… Creede leaves three brothers: a lawyer, Jerome L. Creede of Manitou, Colorado; a farmer, McConnell Creede of Forney, Texas; and a lawyer, Judge J. W. Creede of Leon, Decatur county, Iowa. His sister, Mrs. W. M. Phifer, is now in Manitou, and the only member of his family now here is his brother-in-law, Mr. Phifer… Domestic unhappiness. On January 4, 1897 Mr. and Mrs. Creede found further companionship unbearable, and they quietly agreed to dissolve further relationship at once… Creede never met his wife since her return, but he knew that she was here and he sought to avoid her by every subterfuge. He avoided in every way meeting the woman whom he had rewarded to abandon him… No children were born to them, but they adopted a beautiful little girl, and to this child he became devotedly attached…”

July 14, 1897 [LAT]: “Creede's estate. His wife files a petition for letters of administration. Mrs. Louisa Creede, but one day a widow, does not intend to allow her dead husband's other relations to succeed to his estate without a legal battle. Creede killed himself on Monday night by taking an overdose of morphine. Some were of the opinion that the recent arrival of Mrs. Creede in Los Angeles had a great deal to do with Creede's action. Yesterday Mrs. Creede filed a petition for letters of administration to the estate of Nicholas C. Creede, her deceased husband. The portion of Creede's estate over which Mrs. Creede asks control is an undivided one-half interest in the following described property: House and lot at No. 601 South Pearl Street, worth $45,000, with $3000 worth of furniture in the house; a house and lot on 6th Street valued at $4000; the Tally-ho Stables, of the value of $35,000; money, stocks, bonds and other securities in the sum of $100,000. THis makes a total of $817,000. Mrs. Creede states that the whole of Creede's estate does not exceed $500,000 in value, and that one-half of the old miner's property was acquired by him after his marriage with her. The petitioner, aged 50 years, Jerome L. Creede of Colorado, J. W. Creede of Iowa, McConnell Creede of Texas, and Mrs. W. M. Phifer, Creede's sister, are the dead man's heirs. He also left a three year old adopted daughter named Edith Dorothy Creede. Mrs. Creede alleges in her petition that Creede left no will and to the best of her knowledge and belief died intestate.”

July 16, 1897 [LAT]: “Creede left a will. Little Dorothy will inherit the bulk of the estate… Mother wants her child. The maternal love reasserts itself… Little Dorothy’s own mother, once Mrs. Edith Walker, but now Mrs. H. R. Basford, called on attorney Jones yesterday morning and had a long talk with him about her child’s future. Since she surrendered the possession of her infant daughter to Creede, she has married a well-known hardware dealer in San Francisco, and has a comfortable home to which she would like to take Dorothy, if events so shaped themselves as to permit her to recover her child. Mrs. Basford told Mr. Jones that she had no desire to assume any control of the property which was to fall to Dorothy’s share, but she felt a desire to regain what was by natural law her own…”

July 17, 1897 [SFCall]: “Edith’s father an Oakland boy. Her mother tried to make a living as a typewriter. Graduated from Field Seminary where she was a noted singer. Now the little child, born in the poorhouse, is heir to the Creede millions. Little Edith Dorothy Creede, whose mother was forced to allow her to be adopted two years ago, and who is now heir to a vast estate, is the daughter of an Oakland boy. The doings of her father and mother created great interest here some time ago, and after their marriage they stayed at the Galindo Hotel. Little Edith’s father was John Mackey Walker, son of the builder of the famous Walker mansion that was torn down a few months ago. Edith’s mother was of a romantic nature, and as Edith Waters she created some notoriety in Santa Barbara County by running away from the island of San Miguel because it was too lonely for her. She was living there with her step-father, who owned the island, and she took advantage of a passing schooner to leave her place of exile and go to the mainland. Edith Waters was a very popular singer while at Field Seminary in this City, and early in life decided to study for the stage. She had a beautiful voice, and it was after a few months of work at the Orpheum that she met the son of the Oakland millionaire. John Walker proposed marriage and his offer was accepted, and they did not waste any time over preliminaries before getting married. Troubles quickly followed. Walker had been brought up luxuriously and could not realize the fact that he was a poor man who had to earn a living, and so while in Oakland Mrs. Walker did some work as a typewriter, while her husband amused himself playing tennis. This did not last long, and before her child was born, three years ago, Mrs. Walker moved to Los Angeles, and little Edith first saw the light of day in the County Infirmary. For nine months the young mother did her best to support it. She went on the stage, but still she found it hard to support them both, and when an offer was made her to adopt her child, which she had left in Los Angeles with a charitable lady, she felt constrained to accept. She agreed to let Nicholas Creede adopt the little girl, and now he has died and his will bequeathed all his estate to the child. Mrs. Walker got a divorce about a year ago and married a successful young businessman of San Francisco, and is now living there. As Creede was separated from his wife it is not unlikely that little Edith’s mother will apply for the custody of her child.”

July 22, 1897 [LAT]: “N. C. Creede’s will. Dorothy’s future mapped out by the document…’All the rest of my estate after paying the above bequests and all just debts, I give and bequeath to my daughter, Dorothy Creede, and I desire that she be properly educated and supported from the income if sufficient. I would like her to live at the house with Maggie in charge as housekeeper… When she reaches the age of 25 years… I desire her entire estate turned over to her…”

July 24, 1897 [SFCall]: “Los Angeles, July 23. Though the fortune left by the late N. C. Creede or Harvey appears to have shrunken from millions to about $250,000, there is no lessening of the endeavors of the opposing litigants to secure a slice of what is left. The will of the famous miner having been filed for probate and the widow having applied for letters of administration a foundation was therein laid for a lively legal battle. Mrs. Creede today applied to the court for an order for an allowance from the estate and permission to take up her residence in the Creede mansion. It is said by the attorney for the deceased that such an order cannot be obtained, as the widow has sold her right for the $20,000 she received from her husband. Another contract was started today by Mrs. Edith M. Basford of San Francisco, who filed a petition to be appointed guardian of Edith Dorothy Creede, an infant, who, as related in the application, has no living relative save her mother, the petitioner, and her father, John M. Walker, from whom the petitioner was divorced. As related in the petition, the child, now two years and five months old, has no property except an interest in the Creede estate, and the natural mother of the little heiress prays for legal possession.”

July 28, 1897 [LAT]: “Mrs. Edith Scott Basford, the natural mother of Edith Dorothy Creede, the two-and-a-half-year-old heiress, filed a petition in the matter of the estate of Nicholas Creede yesterday asking that her attorney, Roger Johnson, Esq., of San Francisco, and John S. Chapman, Esq. of this city, be appointed by the court as legal counsel for her little daughter. The petitions stated that Dorothy had been adopted by the old miner himself, and that the adoption was not ordered jointly between Creede and his wife. The petition referred to Dorothy as the residuary-legalee by the terms of the will filed for probate, and stated her interest in the deceased’s estate at more than $100,000. In regard to Dorothy’s present whereabouts, the petition reads as follows: The alleged will purports to have appointed one William Pfifer the guardian of the person and estate of Edith Dorothy Creede, without bond, but Mrs. Basford never gave any consent to such appointment, and, besides, Pfifer is a witness to the will. There will be doubtless controversies concerning the due execution of the will, and it is therefore necessary that attorneys be appointed to protect Dorothy’s interests. The petition was heard by Judge Allen in Department Six of the Superior Court yesterday, and appointment ordered as prayed for.”

July 28, 1897 [LAT]: “Attorneys were appointed by the court for little Edith Dorothy Creede.”

August 4, 1897 [SFCall]: “Los Angeles, August 8. Three legal papers were filed in the Creede estate case today, and the contest of the pencil will is now on. The first was by the attorney for Dorothy Creede, the adopted daughter of the dead mining magnate. It protests the petition of Mrs. Basford of San Francisco, in which she asks to be appointed guardian of the child. Mrs. Basford is the mother of Dorothy, but in the protest it is alleged that she is actuated by a desire to get possession of her daughter’s money rather than love for the child, as she had legally relinquished all maternal claims. The second is a protest against the petition of Mrs. Creede for an allowance of $250 a month for herself and the adopted daughter. Her right to any part of the estate is denied, as is also all authority over Dorothy. It is set out that William Phifer is the child’s guardian, and also that the right of her mother, Mrs. Basford should be recognized before Mrs. Creede. It contests the will filed for probate, in which nearly all of the property is left to Dorothy Creede. The grounds for the protest are that the will is not signed by Creede, and that it is not properly attested. For some time after the sudden death of Creede, it was not known for certain whether the deceased had left a testament, but one day the attorney for Creede announced that he had in his possession a pencil draft of a will as it had been written by the rich miner as a form to be adopted for the finished document. Though this was not signed and had remained in the keeping of the attorney, it was offered for probate and was immediately a target for protests.”

August 10, 1897 [LAT]: “The Creede Estate. John T. Jones, N. C. Creede’s friend and attorney, and the executor named in his will, has been appointed special administrator of the estate, with bonds fixed at $100,000. This was the only definite result of the opening skirmish in the Creede will contest, which took place yesterday afternoon before Judge Allen sitting in the probate court. Matters of fact were kept entirely out of yesterday’s discussion, only points of law and exparte matters being taken into consideration…”

August 28, 1897 [SFCall]: “Los Angeles, August 27. Attorney John T. Jones, appointed to appraise the estate of the late Nicholas C. Creede, completed his work today. He finds that Creede owned property in this state valued at $153,716.30. Of this amount $105,000 is represented by real property, $48,716.30 being personal. The petition of Dorothy Creede’s mother for letters of guardianship will come up for hearing September 13.”

October 20, 1897 [LAT]: “The Creede guardianship matter came up before Judge Clark yesterday afternoon. The attorneys submitted to the court an agreed statement of facts after which argument in the case was set to be heard November 1 at 10:30 A.M. The facts agreed upon in the stipulation filed yesterday were principally as follows: Edith S. Basford was married to a man named Walker and Edith Dorothy Creede was born unto Edith S. Basford by that marriage. Subsequent to the birth of Edith Dorothy, the mother, then Edith S. Walker, brought suit in the Superior Court at San Francisco to obtain, and did obtain, a decree of divorce from her husband. The degree was signed August 31, 1895. The custody of the child, Edith Dorothy, born February 23 of that year, was awarded to the mother. In the following September N. C. Creede adopted the girl, the mother giving her consent. It is mutually agreed that the adoption was never revoked and that [Nancy] Louisa Creede, the wife of N. C. Creede, was not a joint party to the adoption. N. C. Creede died in this city July 12, 1897, leaving an estate estimated to be worth over $150,000.”

November 13, 1897 [LAT]: “A new and somewhat mysterious turn developed in the Creede case yesterday in Department Two. Mrs. Creede, widow of the late Nicholas C. Creede, asked that her petition to be appointed administratrix of her late husband’s estate be set aside, and that George H. Stewart be selected as administrator. Mrs. Creede’s attorneys offer no explanation further than that the estate being a large one, some person of experience in business affairs should be chosen to take charge of it. Both Mrs. Creede and Mr. Stewart filed petitions, one withdrawing a former petition, the other praying for the appointment as administrator… The question of guardianship of Edith in which Mrs. Creede prays for the appointment, will not be settled until after the matter concerning the will is disposed of…”

November 23, 1897 [SFCall]: “Los Angeles, November 22. The question of the guardianship of Dorothy Creede was argued before Judge Caux today and submitted for decision. The proceedings are based upon the petition of [Nancy] Louisa Creede, wife of the late N. C. Creede, to be appointed guardian of the child, who was adopted by Creede a few months prior to his death, and to whom he bequeathed his estate. The court took the matter under advisement.”

January 12, 1898 [SFCall]: “Los Angeles, January 11. The question as to what disposition is to be made of the fortune of N. C. Creede, the discoverer of the famous Colorado mining district of that name, is to be decided by Superior Judge Clark of this county. The trial of the case commenced today, and it will consume some time, as eminent legal counsel has been engaged to show that the alleged pencil will which is titled for probate is a fraud. [Nancy] Louise Creede, the widow of the dead miner, is endeavoring to break the will. By its terms she is excluded from all participation in the many thousands her husband left behind. She is 52 years of age. Her husband overlooked her in the alleged will, leaving one-half of an estate, valued at about $400,000, to little Dorothy Creede, their adopted daughter, and the other half to numerous relatives. The alleged last will was drawn up by Senator John P. Jones, who is named as executor in the document, on January 4, 1897. It is dated July 7, 1897, and July 12 of the same year Creede died. The singular and anomalous fact that the will was drawn six months prior to the time it was dated is by the attorneys of Widow Creede regarded as strong evidence that it is fraudulent. Under the will the adopted daughter, little Dorothy, is to have her fortune held in trust by her guardian until she is 25 years of age. When she has lived that long she is to have the money in her own right, provided she has lived a virtuous life. The attorneys of Widow Creede will also cite as extraordinary the provision in the will reciting that if little Dorothy goes astray, her share in the estate is then to fall to her guardian. This virtually, they allege, offers a premium to her guardian to see to it that she does go astray. The case will be hotly contested, and some very sensational developments are promised, as the numerous relatives under the pencil will have syndicated, and are going to fight the matter to the end.”

January 13, 1898 [LAT]: “The contest over the will of Nicholas C. Creede was resumed yesterday morning before Judge Clark in Department Two of the Superior Court. According to the ruling of the court on the previous day, the conestants will be compelled first to prove the marriage between Mr. and Mrs. Creede, and then to show the document in which Mrs. Creede signed over all rights and future claims to the estate was invalid at the time that it was executed…”

July 24, 1898 [LAT]: “As time advances the entanglements resulting after the death of Nicholas Creede, the Colorado mining man, tend to become greater all the time. A week ago R. Phifer, Creede’s brother-in-law, who with his wife was mentioned in the will as Dorothy Edith Creede’s guardian, died. The contest over the will was a thing of the past, and only the guardianship proceeding afforded further opportunity for contest. But the removal of Phifer by death seemed to simplify the matter for a short time. John T. Jones, Esq., attorney to the estate and executor under the will, and Sherman Phifer, have filed petitions that they be appoined guardians of the person and estate of Dorothy Creede, and yesterday Miss Maggie Kearney, Creede’s housekeeper, whom he remembered so kindly in his will, and against whom Mrs. Creede showed decided antipathy during the contest over the will, also filed her petition to be appointed the child’s guardian. All of this scrambling around in an attempt to be appointed guardian to a tiny dot of a girl is rather funny, and at the same time just a trifle pathetic. Whoever is appointed will have quite a nice time, for little Dorothy’s allowance , increasing as she grows older, will serve to bring much pleasure into the life of the guardian if not into that of the child…”

July 27, 1898 [LAT]: “The eagerness being displayed by a variety of persons to act in the capacity of guardian to the person and estate of little Edith Dorothy Creede is most interesting. The several petitions filed have been by people occupying the most varied positions in life, and the one filed by W. T. S. Hammond, assistant cashier of the First National Bank, will probably compare favorably with any or all of the others.”

July 30, 1898 [LAT]: “For about a year the matter of the guardianship of Edith Dorothy Creede, the adopted infant daughter of the late Nicholas Creede, has hung fire in the courts. It now seems reasonably certain, however, that next week a guardian of the person will be appointed, and Mrs. Basford, the child's mother, will have the preference, if nothing can be shown that would indicate that she is an improper person. It is on the table however, that her eligibility in this direction will be questioned.”

August 6, 1898 [LAT]: “Dolly's Guardian. The matter of appointing a guardian for little Edith Dorothy Creede came up yesterday, but John B. Chapman, Esq., representing the minor, was engaged in the water suit in Department Two, and so Judge Shaw ordered the matter continued until August 12. ”

August 10, 1898 [SFCall]: “Los Angeles, August 9. In the superior Court here today Judge Shaw appointed a guardian for little Dorothy Creede in the person of the child’s mother, now Mrs. Edith Basford of San Francisco. When the child was adopted by Creede the mother

August 10, 1898 [LAT]: “Baby Dolly’s guardian. The court holds that the mother’s right revived. Mrs. Basford appointed guardian of Edith Dorothy… Little Edith Dorothy Creede is to return to the care and custody of her mother, Mrs. Basford, and the heartburning over the guardianship of the child are, for the present at all events, held in abeyance… When Mrs. Basford took her seat upon the witness stand yesterday, there was nothing in her appearance or manner to indicate that her previous life had been a checkered one, and one that the world would call romantic. Left an orphan at an early age, she was adopted by a lady in San Francisco, who afterward became the wife of Captain Waters, the owner of San Miguel Island, off the Santa Barbara Coast. Her mother by adoption finally died at Santa Barbara, and upon returning to the island the life was too dull and monotonous to the young girl, who had while at school in Oakland shown some talent. She longed to spread her wings and see the world, and with this end in view she took her departure from San Miguel on the first good opportunity that offered. She made her debut on the stage in San Francisco as Inez, in ‘The Tar and Tartar,’ and met with some success. A few months later she met John Mackay Walker, and the two were married at San Rafael in June 1894… Their life was not happy, and just before Edith Dorothy was born the husband deserted his wife, and was reported to be living in San Bernardino. The young wife was in a most unhappy situation when Mrs. M. S. Chisholm, a lady who had seen much better days, and was teaching languages as a means of livelihood, came to the rescue. She herself was poor, but she had known both Mr. and Mrs. Walker since childhood, and she did what she could to aid the deserted young wife, who was soon to become a mother. Edith Dorothy Creede, the three and a half-year old babe, for whose possession so many persons have been desirous, was born at the County Hospital. Through those troubled days Mrs. Chisholm nursed the young wife back to health and strength. So as soon as it could be moved, Mrs. Chisholm took the baby to her humble rooms, and the mother, after her discharge from the hospital saw the baby a few times and then left for San Francisco. She desired that Mrs. Chisholm fine some one, if she could, that would adopt the infant, and ere not long the eccentric old mining man, Nicholas C. Creede, adopted the little one and Mrs. Walker surrendered all right to her baby. Since then the child’s mother has remarried and became Mrs. Basford. She stated to the court yesterday that she had been married nearly three years and has two children as a result of the present union. Her husband is outdoor superintendent of some company, and while not earning a large salary, earns enough to sustain a modest flat on Turk Street… Mrs. Basford was then appointed guardian of Edith Dorothy Creede with a bond fixed at $1000.”

October 30, 1898 [LAT]: “Judge Allen, sitting for Judge Clark, yesterday granted a petition for an allowance of $50 per month from the estate of the late N. C. Creede for the support of Edith Dorothy Creede, the adopted daughter of the deceased mining man. The infant is now in the care of Mrs. Edith Basford, the natural mother.”

November 15, 1898 [LAT]: “San Franciso, Nov. 14.—Mrs. Edith Alice Basford has made accusation of fraud against her foster father, Capt. William G. Waters, a wealthy rancher, who has large holdings on San Miguel Island in the Santa Barbara channel. Mrs. Basford avers that more than twenty-two years ago she was adopted by Mrs. Mirantha Scott, who subsequently married Capt. Waters; she says that after the marriage, in 1887, Capt. and Mrs. Waters both adopted her in legal form. When Mrs. Waters died, she is alleged to have left a trust fund of $5000 for the present Mrs. Basford, which she charges has been encumbered by claims made by Waters, who, however, denies the allegations. The case is on trial before Judge Sewell.”

January 26, 1899 [LAT]: “The simple suit brought by Attorney Conroy against Captain Waters to recover for professional services has developed many facts of interest in connection with San Miguel Island. In as much as it was for a time of Mrs. Edith Alice Walker-Basford, mother of little Dorothy Creede, the suit has an added interest at this time.

May 25, 1899 [LAT: “Little Dorothy's Luck. A rich strike for the Crede estate made in Denver. Balance found to be lying to the credit of the dead mining man. Claim for over one million made on the owners of the amethyst mine. When the inventory was filed in the estate of the late Nicholas C. Creede much surprise was expressed at the amount being so low. The Colorado mining magnate had been spoken of and generally regarded as a millionaire, and the fact that his fortune was only about $200,000 came in the nature of a disagreeable surprise to the multitude that always delights in the exaggeration of fortunes. During the trail of the will contest, wherein the widow sought to establish her right to a portion of the estate, and baby Dorothy's interests were the only ones left unassailed, allusion was made to the probability of there being large interests of the deceased mining man in Colorado that had not been exploited by the administrator of the estate and of which no mention had been made in the inventory. At the time that allusion was regarded as a mere voluntary surmise of the contestant, and without any actual foundation in fact. But it appears that, after all, little Dorothy Creede is to pose in the future as the heiress of a millionaire; that is, if the plans of those having her interests at heart are successful in the step they contemplate taking. Attorney John T. Jones, who is special administrator of the Creede estate, has just returned from a trip to the East, and stayed over at Denver, for the purpose of closing up some of the business details left open by Creede, and in a rather chaotic condition. At the First National Bank of that city the attorney desired to have a balance struck,in order that the old account might be closed. To his surprise and delight, when the check up of Creede's account was made, it was found that there remained to his credit the very comfortable sum of $19,003.80, and that amount has now been turned over by the Denver bank to the Creede estate. But this is only a part, and the smaller part of the good things that are being poured into the lap of little Dorothy. The more important windfall will be the recovery to the estate of a number of shares in the noted Amethyst mine located at the town of Creede, which built up the shattered fortunes of the mining man, who at the time ante-dating the discovery of this mine was merely a rough prospector, living in the haphazard manner of his class, and buoyed up only by the hope of reaching the fortune that at that time was buried underneath the ground. The owners of the Amethyst mine today are D. H. Moffat, W. S. Cheesman, L. E. Campbell and E. T. Smith, and while attorney Jones was in Denver a compromise of the claim was made and the necessary legal steps are now being taken to have the matter settled without any recourse to the courts. It appears that the shares in the mine held by Creede were surrendered by him to liquidate his share of indebtedness and in payment of assessments, alleged to be due by him, but it is contended that in that dealing advantage was taken of Creede's ignorance of intricate business dealings. The mining company was incorporated under the laws of West Virginia, which make no provision for levying assessments in any such fashion. These shares are valued at nearly $1,500,000 and if this amount is recovered, the larger part of it will ultimately pass into the possession of little Dorothy Creede. The little girl who will inherit all of this money, and who was adopted by the dead miner a short time before his death, is now under the guardianship of her mother, Mrs. Basford, the story of whose life has made a strange and varied preamble to the romantic inheritance of her baby daughter.”

May 25, 1899 [SFCall]: “Los Angeles, May 24. Fortune found for little Dorothy. John T. Jones, the attorney handling the property of the late N. C. Creede, has returned from a trip East. He visited Denver to clear certain business details left by Creede in that city in a rather chaotic condition. Major Jones sought out the First National Bank of that city, where he presented Creede’s bankbooks to have the account of the dead miner straightened. No one believed Creede had a penny left in the Denver bank, no record of any deposit in that institution having been found among his effects, but upon checking upon Creede’s deposit he was found to have a balance in the bank of $19,003.80. Major Jones received word from Denver yesterday that the money had been turned over to the Creede estate. If Major Jones can bring it about, little Dorothy Creede will come in for another windfall in the form of stock in the celebrated Amethyst mine at Creede, Colorado, valued at $1,150,000. This property is claimed as Creede’s share, and unless the claim is allowed suit will be brought to recover it. Major Jones said today that unless the owners of the mine—D. H. Moffatt, W. S. Cheeseman, L. Campbell and E. T. Smith, all of Denver—made a satisfactory compromise, the case would be taken into the courts. The necessary legal documents are now being drawn. It is Major Jones’ opinion that the case probably will be settled out of court. Dorothy Creede, who was adopted by the dead miner a short time before he died, is now with her mother, Mrs. Basford, at San Francisco.”

June 13, 1899 [SFCall]: “Denver, June 12. A suit was filed in the United States Circuit Court by John T. Jones of Los Angeles, Cal., administrator of the estate of the late Nicolas C. Creede, founder of the Colorado mining camp which bears his name, against David H. Moffatt, Walter S. Cheeseman, Sylvester T. Smith and L. E. Campbell, all prominent mining men, and the Amethyst Mining Company, of which they are sole stockholders, to recover a third interest in the mine, alleged to be worth over $5,000,000, and an accounting of its operation since 1894. In the bill it is charged that the defendants conspired to induce Creede, who is said to have been mentally unbalanced, to give them his stock free of charge. The beneficiary of the suit is Dorothy Creede, the adopted daughter of the dead miner, about four years of age.”

July 13, 1900 [SFCall]: “Los Angeles, July 12. Mrs. [Nancy] Louisa Creede, widow of Nicholas Creede, the mining millionaire of Colorado, who died here several years ago, today petitioned the courts here for an order on the administrator for a family allowance of $250 per month. This is an attempt to open the old case wherein she was denied a portion of the large estate on account of an agreement to separate, by the terms of which she was given $20,000 cash.”

October 16, 1900 [LAT]: “Governor Gage appeared in Judge Shaw’s department of the Superior Court yesterday in connection with affairs of the late N. C. Creede. Mrs. Nancy [Louisa] Creede, alleged wife of the deceased, has for a long time past had a motion before the court for a family allowance, and her attorney, Frank Finlayson, Esq., is asking that a commission issue for the taking of her deposition in Mississippi to obtain testimony in support of such a motion. Creede was a miner, who suddenly struck it rich in New Mexico. His mines are worth mints of money. The estate has long been involved in litigation. The motion to allow the deposition will be taken up this morning. Governor Gage is one of counsel for his private secretary, W. J. Foley, Esq., who represents the absent heirs. It is contended by the heirs that Mrs. Creede, in having accepted from her husband a cash settlement prior to his death, abandoned her claim to his handsome estate. The principal heir is little Edith Dorothy Creede, an adopted daughter.”

October 17, 1900 [LAT]: “Another turn was taken yesterday in the much-litigated estate of the millionaire suicide, N. C. Creede, when Superior Court Judge Shaw ordered a commission to issue for the taking of the deposition of Mrs. Louise N. Creede, surviving widow, who is now living in Mississippi. This deposition is being taken at the insistence of Mrs. Creede’s attorney, Frank Finlayson, Esq., to support her motion long pending in the courts for a family allowance of $300 a month and the use of the Creede residence in this city. Formal objections to the motion to take the deposition were filed by John T. Jones, special administrator of the estate; Dorothy Creede, adopted daughter of the deceased, and the other heirs. Governor Gage appears in the matter as one of the consul for the special administrator. The objections were on the grounds that there was no action pending on behalf of Mrs. Creede in which her testimony might be taken under the laws of California, and that she has no interest whatever n the estate by reason of a final cash settlement with her husband prior to his death, whereby she is alleged to have abandoned all claim upon his estate. These objections were over-ruled.”

December 4, 1900 [LAT]: “There is talk of compromise and abandonment of Dorothy Creede’s contest of the will of her late foster father, “Nick” Creede, the miner who died in July 1895, leaving an estate of millions to Dorothy, provided she shall live a spotless life until she is 25 years old. The contest was inaugurated to get immediate possession.”

January 5, 1901 [SFCall]: “Los Angeles, January 4. A compromise has been affected in the famous Creede will contest. By its terms little Edith Dorothy Creede, the adopted daughter of the late millionaire, will receive a large part of her inheritance immediately, without waiting until she is 25 years of age, as provided in the will.”

January 9, 1901 [LAT]: “San Francisco, January 8. Roger Johnson, as guardian of Edith Dorothy Creede’s estate, has been granted authority by Superior Judge Trout to enter into an agreement with the other legatees named in N. C. Creede’s will for the settlement of the dispute over the estate. The terms of the proposed compromise have already been published.”

January 15, 1901 [Times Democrat]: “A strange bequest made by a man who loved a little child. How little Dorothy Creede came to be devisee of millions, provided she leads a proper and virtuous life. Dorothy Creede, infant heiress to an old man's millions, will come into full possession of her fortune in twenty years, "if she has led a proper and virtuous life." Five of these years have already passed over Baby Dorothy's head. It is a lucky head; the luckiest in all California, and one of the prettiest as well. It is covered with a curling mass of fine, soft hair. Helene and Cleoparta and other sirens of other centuries are declared to have possessed just such hair as made Dorothy heiress to the Creede millions. For it was the Titan tint of the little one's tresses that caught the fancy of childless Nicholas Creede in Los Angeles four years ago; caught his fancy and held it by a thousand glittering threads while the sweet dimpled face with its rare red-gold aureole won his heart. Dorothy was the only being on earth whom Nicholas Creede loved when he died. She had become more precious to him than the gold for which he had tolled, and the silver for which he had delved deep in the Colorado mountains. And when he loosed his hold on life and the riches that had mocked him when he tried to buy happiness with them, Dorothy was the only object to which he clung, the one thing that he could not reconcile himself to leave behind him. For a year she brought sunlight to his chill hard life. One year he had known the joy of teaching lisping lips to say "Papa," of feeling the dear embrace of baby arms about his neck, the satin touch of baby lips upon his rough miner's cheek, the strangely strong clasp of a baby's tiny, fragile fingers instinctively clinging around his own. For twelve months Dorothy has been his legally adopted daughter. Some time during that last year of his on earth Millionaire Creede made a will. Prompted by his adoration of the child, whom he could scarcely bear to have out of his sight, the natural anxiety of a doomed man looking into the uncertain future of a beautiful girl for whose fate he felt a father's responsibility, he dictated the clause which will stand for two decades as an admonition to Dorothy's guardians, and which he is to be the rule by which she will order her existence: "It is my wish that she shall then take full possession of the property, if she has led a proper and virtuous life." As to the inheritance itself, it will not be less than $3,000,000. It was a lucky day for baby Dorothy when the rich man who lived in the big handsome house next door, looked through the window when the sunbeams were frolicking with her Titian-tressed little head, the while the young mother taught her to put her rose-leaf feet one before the other upon the golden path. The mother was Mrs. Walker. She is Mrs. Basford now...”

May 20, 1901 [LAT]: “Denver, May 19. In the United States Circuit Court yesterday, little Dorothy Creede, heir to the estate of the discoverer of the amethyst mine, won a victory in the fight against David Moffatt, S. T. Smith, Walter Cheeseman, and Major L .E Campbell, to recover a one-third interest in the mine which her foster-father signed away in 1894. J. Warner Mills, attorney for John T. Jones, executor of the Creede estate, had moved to have struck out the supplemental answer of the defendants, and this motion was granted. This brings the case to trial on its merits. This answer, filed last June, set up that the action was founded upon an illegal agreement between the plaintiff and J. Warner Mills, counsel. Records of the Superior Court of California were shown which approved the agreement between the executor and Mills by which the latter agreed to assume al costs in the suit of judgment were rendered adversely. Mills showed this action was taken only to protect the estate in California.”

October 25, 1901 [SFCall]: “Builders’ Contracts. Edith Dorothy Creede (minor) (owner) by Roger Johnson, (guardian), with Ben O. Johnson (contractor), architect A. W. Smith—all work for a two-story basement and attic frame residence on E line of Pierce Street, 100 N of Haight, N 35, E 125, S 25, W 100, S 10, W 25; $4497.”

May 15, 1902 [SFCall]: “The estate of the late [?] Edith Dorothy Creede has been appraised at $53,017.30. It consists of real estate in Los Angeles, worth $35,000; improved property in this city, worth $8590; personal property valued at $958.50; and $8558.80 cash.”

November 16, 1902 [LAT]: “Roger Johnson, guardian of estate of Edith Dorothy Creede, a minor, has sold to P. A. Stanton, a lot on the southwest corner of Sixth and Figueroa streets, about 680 x 150 feet, with a fourteen-room three-story frame dwelling; consideration named, $36,250. Mr. Stanton has sold to Mrs. A. J. de Sepulveda 328 x 150 feet, southwest corner Sixth and Figueroa streets, with dwelling above described; consideration named $24,000. He has also sold to T. J. Douglas and C. Q. Stanton the remainder of the lot, being 352 x 150 feet, southeast corner Sixth and Loomis streets, unimproved; consideration named $15,000.”

January 26, 1905 [SFCall]:

January 29, 1905 [LAH]: “Plans are now being drawn for a new three-story brick hotel of one hundred rooms to be erected by Mr. Stanton on the southwest corner of 6th and Figueroa streets on the lot that was formerly a part of the Nicholas Creede estate. The lot is 91 x 116 feet…”

February 26, 1905 [LAH]: “The family hotel being erected by C. Q. Stanton on the south side of West 6th Street… the portion of the ground space upon which this improvement is located was once the home of Nicholas Creede, the pioneer Colorado mining king, who amassed his fortune in Cripple Creek, Colorado, and other mining districts, and after purchasing the southwest corner of Figueroa and West 6th streets, extending from Figueroa to Loomis Street, made Los Angeles his home until his death.”

December 2, 1906 [LAT]: “Millions at stake, heiress disappears. Romance of little Dorothy Creede, who went from County Hospital as adopted daughter of rich miner fighting for fortune… Nicholas Creede has long been dead. The baby girl, Dorothy Edith Creede, has grown to be a sprightly girl of 13 years. And now, just as she is going into her teens, is to take place the contest that has been dragging through the courts for years, and which, if successful, will mean that Dorothy Creede will receive half of the $3,000,000, out of which it is claimed Creede was defrauded… Creede owned one-third of the mining town named after him… His life was lonely, however, for his wife and he separated. One day, however, a new element entered into it, for he found and adopted a wee girl baby who first saw the light in the County Hospital, but who quickly became the pet and plaything of the solitary old man, living amid all that wealth could obtain… But back of the child lies another story… Mrs. Walker signed away her rights to little Dorothy Edith; the child was adopted by the retired mining magnate. Three years later the old man died of morphine poisoning… Then began the litigation inseparable from a large estate. Creede’s widow endeavored to break the will, and failing in this sought to obtain possession of the child. The young mother, too, who had relinquished all claim, went into court claiming that with the death of the foster father her natural rights revived. And her claim was allowed and the young mother—then only 24—recovered possession of little Dorothy and was made guardian of the little one’s person and estate… Since then the mother and child have made their home in San Francisco… Just when it is essential that little Dorothy Edith Creede and her mother be on hand, they have apparently disappeared from all knowledge of their friends here…”

November 13, 1916 [Samohi]: “Miss Creede, daughter of Mrs. Scott-Burritt, weds in Santa Monica. On Saturday, November 11, at high noon, Miss Dorothy Creede, daughter of Mrs. Edith Scott-Burritt, was married to Mr. William Lord Ritchie of Sausalito in the Santa Monica Episcopal Church. This news is of great interest to Samohi readers because both Miss Creede and Mrs. Scott-Burritt have identified themselves with dramatic work at Santa Monica High School. Before the marriage, Miss Creede was the guest of honor at a luncheon given by Miss Arlene Jones, ’14, and Miss Lucille Jones, ’17, at their home, 2417 Fourth Street. Mrs. Scott-Burritt will remain on Ocean Park this winter. Her play, “Black Sheep,” recently produced, has been pronounced a great success. Percy Taber, ’17, took a prominent part in the production.”

November 2, 1918 [SN]: “The death of Mrs. Edith Dorothy Ritchie, wife of Will Ritchie, in San Francisco on last Saturday morning was a severe shock to the community and a still harder blow to her beloved husband. Her health since the birth of her daughter, Edith Romer Ritchie, a few months ago, has not been the best, and she was in St. Francis Hospital suffering with bronchitis, which subsequently developed into the dread Spanish influenza. Evrything possible was done to help her, but her time had come. THe funeral services were held here on Monday afternoon, and the remains were cremated in Mt. Olivet cemetery. The deceased was a native of California, aged 23 years, and was the daughter of Mrs. Edith Scott Burritt and sister of Bruce C. and G. S. Basford and Roland Burritt. She has been a resident of Sausalito for many years and has many warm friends and acquaintances who extend their sympathy to her beloved husband and family in their hour of sorrow.”

November 7, 1918 [Marin Journal]: “The death of Mrs. Edith Dorothy Ritchie, wife of Will Ritchie, in San Francisco on last Saturday morning was a severe shock to the community and a still harder blow to her beloved husband.”

November 23, 1918 [SN]: “The will of Dorothy Ritchie [Creede] was admitted to probate In the Superior court of this county yesterday. The will is dated January 5, 1918, and is witnessed by Mrs. E. A. Campbell and Mrs. Frances Hideout of Sausalito. The Anglo-California Trust Co. of San Francisco are executors of the estate. She bequeaths her jewelry, clothing, furniture and other personal effects to her mother with the wish that she save some of it for her daughter. One dollar is left to her husband, William Lloyd Ritchie, the balance for her mother and daughter's support. She leaves him nothing more on account of his ability to provide for himself. The property consisting of valuable improved warehouse property on Bluxome street. San Francisco, was left in trust for her child and her mother. Two-thirds of the income goes to the child and one-third to the mother. The child to receive the property on reaching the age of twenty-five years. The mother to receive the property should the child die before reaching twenty-five without having any children. Her two half brothers, Garth Basford and Roland Basford [Burritt], get the esate in the event that the child, Edith Romer Ritchie, dies before reaching twenty-five years, her grandmother, Mrs. Burritt and childen, if any of Edith Romer Ritchie's children are dead. The property is said to bring in a monthly income of $250.”

October 7, 1920 [Marin Journal]: “Estate of Edith Dorothy Ritchie, deceased—account settled and allowed; distributions as prayed.”

October 19, 1974 [IJ]: “Funeral was held today for Edith R. Ritchie, life long Sausalito resident and former stenographer for the Southern Pacific Railroad. Miss Ritchie, 57, died Wednesday at a local hospital after a long illness. She was born in San Francisco but grew up and lived the rest of her life in Sausalito. Her father was an engineer on the Northwestern Pacific Railroad. Miss Ritchie resided at the family home, 76 Cazneau Avenue. She worked 15 years for Southern Pacific. She leaves no immediate family.” [Daughter of Dorothy Creede].

November 29, 1974 [Daily Independent Journal, San Rafael]: “Notice to Creditors No. 11771. Superior Court of the State of California for the County of Marin. Estate of Edith Romer Ritchie, deceased. Notice is hereby given to the creditors of the above named decedent that all persons having claims against the said decedent are required to file them in duplicate, with the necessary vouchers, in the office of the clerk of the above entitled court, or to present them, with the necessary vouchers, to the undersigned at the law offices of Richard J. Lathrop, One Market Street, Room 812, San Francisco, CA 94105, which is the place of business of the undersigned in all matters pertaining to the estate of said decedent, within four months after the first publication of this notice. Dated: November 20, 1974. Richard J. Lathrop, Executor of the Will of the above named decedent.”