KROEBER, Alfred Louis

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KROEBER, Alfred Louis (1876-1960) 1.jpg
KROEBER, Alfred Louis (1876-1960) 2.jpg

KROEBER, Alfred Louis (1876-1960), cultural anthropologist born in New Jersey. He studied under Franz Boas at Columbia University, and went on to build the anthropology department at the University of California (1901-1946). He pioneered studies in American Indian dialects, and his efforts helped to establish anthropology as a professional academic discipline. Kroeber’s list of Chumash names of the Channel Islands includes:

  • Mi'chumash for Santa Cruz Island
  • Na'wani for Santa Rosa Island
  • Anyapa for Anacapa Island


On Kroeber's map of the Chumash territory, he lists the names of seven village sites on Santa Rosa Island, including:

  • Numkulkul at Cañada Garañon
  • Niakla at the mouth of Cañada Soledad
  • Siliwihi at the mouth of Cañada Verde


Nanawani, Santa Cruz Island is a coastal Chumash village site on the south side of Santa Cruz Island mapped by A. L. Kroeber in 1925.


  • 1904. Kroeber, A. L. The Languages of the Coast of California south of San Francisco University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 2(2):28-80, June 1904
[original in SCIF archives]


  • 1907. Kroeber, A. L. Shoshonean Dialects of California University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 4(3):66-165, February 1907
[original in SCIF archives]


  • 1910. Kroeber, A. L. The Chumash and Costanoan Languages University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 9(2):237-271, November 1910
[original in SCIF archives]


  • 1915. Kroeber, A. L. Handbook of the Indians of California Bulletin 78. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of American Ethnology, U.S. National Museum, 1925. 995 pages.
[original in SCIF archives]