LINTON, Clarence Brockman

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Clarence Brockman Linton (1881-1925)
Clarence Brockman Linton with bird specimans
Linton-abalone drying©.jpg
Hollywood Forever Cemetery


LINTON, Clarence Brockman (1881-1925), amateur jewelry-maker, ornithologist, archaeologist and pioneer mariculturist who lived in Long Beach and who developed a great interest in the California Channel Islands. Linton moved with his Quaker parents Horace and Sarah Linton, from Kansas to Whittier, California in 1887 when he was six years old. The Linton family was part of a group of families who established a Quaker colony. Linton was graduated from Whittier College. On January 22, 1905 Linton married Blanche Eliza Lashlee (1883-1976) of Nebraska, although that marriage ended in divorce. On July 9, 1906 Linton married his second wife, 18-year-old Madge “Maggie” Hazel Peery (1888-1939). They had a daughter, Dorothy Madge Linton, born July 14, 1907, the year Linton began visiting the islands. That marriage also ended in divorce. Linton purchased the 60-foot powerboat, Flyer for his many trips to the islands.

During a time when the three largest islands were privately owned and title to the remaining five rested with the U.S. government, Linton found unique ways to make his living on the islands, despite being neither an owner nor a primary government lessee. From 1907–1910 he collected bird specimens to sell to public institutions and to individuals who maintained private collections. He made three trips to San Clemente Island and two to San Nicolas Island in 1907 collecting bird specimens. A bald eagle skin and set of eggs collected on San Clemente Island on February 15, 1907 are in the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University. In November 1907, he, his step-father, Horace Linton, ornithologist George Willett, and craw fisherman “Cold-foot Jorgensen” went from San Pedro to Santa Cruz Island “in a dilapidated fishing smack” with “the kind permission of Mr. Fred Caire, owner of the island.” They camped at Coches Prietos, Potato Harbor, Northwest Harbor and in the pines near Prisoners’ Harbor, collecting bird specimens [Linton 1908b]. The following year, 1908, Linton again visited Santa Clemente and Santa Cruz islands and added San Nicolas Island. In selling bird skins, Linton charged as much as $10 for Santa Cruz Island jays.

In January 1909, while excavating Indian burials on San Nicolas Island, Linton came across 13 immense pearls he deduced had come from red abalones. According to Linton, “These average the size of an English walnut, and if freshly taken from the shells would be worth easily $3500.” Excited by new economic possibilities, Linton redirected his island interests to the business of abalone harvesting and pearl mariculture. He also rented a portion of Santa Barbara Island in October 1909 from island lessee, J. G. Howland, despite a provision of the lease forbidding subletting. Linton, who paid Howland $125, wanted to use the island to propagate pearls in abalone. His moderate success was noted by Scripps Institution of Oceanography.

By 1910, Linton was running a “plush, red-carpeted jewelry store” in Long Beach, selling his pearls. Early that year, Linton met and married Texas-born socialite, Lillian McClelland, and they spent their 3-month-long honeymoon on San Nicolas Island. The former glove-wearing society-bride quickly became accustomed to tanned hands. During their three-month stay on San Nicolas Island ‘Lillian made friends with elephant seals that dwarfed her in size, and gathered huge bouquets of wild flowers.” Linton visited San Nicolas Island twice more in 1911, and Santa Barbara Island again in 1911. In all, Linton is known to have collected and sold more than 1061 bird specimens and a small number of egg sets from the California Channel Islands — more than any other collector. Linton’s specimens, representing 97 species, are currently housed in 21 museums around the world. A large block of birds Linton sold to John Eliot Thayer (1862-1933) in 1910 is at the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University. Linton also published 11 island-related articles in the ornithological journals, Condor and Auk, before he was 30.


Clarence Brockman Linton (1880–1925) Channel Islands Entrepreneur, Ornithological Collector, And Pioneer Mariculturist by Marla Daily, Paul Collins & Brian Burd, 2009


Linton and his third wife, Lillian Theresa Wold (1888-1977), had three children:

  • Clarence McClelland “Mack” (1910-1990)
  • Theresa (1911-2005) who later became Mrs. Borchard
  • Willie Marion (1912-1919) who died at age 5


By 1914, however, Linton had abandoned all involvement with the California Channel Islands. He separated from his wife and moved to Seattle in 1918. He was 36. Linton eventually returned to California where died of tuberculosis in 1925 at age 44. Clarence Brockman Linton is buried in Hollywood Forever Cemetery, Los Angeles, CA.


Over a four-year period, Linton collected at least 1112 ornithological specimens on five islands, and a Night Lizard on San Nicolas Island (CAS-35793) in 1912:

  • San Clemente Island (1907, 1908, 1909)
  • San Miguel Island (1909)
  • San Nicolas Island (1907, 1908, 1909, 1910, 1912)
  • Santa Barbara Island (1907, 1909)
  • Santa Cruz Island (1907, 1908, 1909)


Linton's specimens are found in:

  • Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University [MCZ], Cambridge, MA (655)
  • Field Museum of Natural History [FMNH], Chicago, IL (123)
  • Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History [LACM], Los Angeles, CA (52)
  • Museum of Vertebrate Zoology [MVZ], Berkeley, CA (45)
  • British Museum of Natural History [BMNH], Tring, England (43)
  • Delaware Museum of Natural History [DMNH], Wilmington, DE (29)
  • Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia (24)
  • American Museum of Natural History [AMNH], New York, New York (18)
  • California Academy of Sciences [CAS], San Francisco, CA (16)
  • San Diego Natural History Museum [SDNHM], San Diego, California (14)
  • University of Kansas, Museum Natural History [KU], Lawrence, Kansas (14)
  • Museum für Naturkunde, Humboldt University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany (14)
  • Denver Museum of Nature and Science [DMNS], Denver, Colorado (10)
  • Cornell University Museum of Vertebrates [CUMV], Ithaca, New York (10)
  • Royal Ontario Museum [ROM], Toronto, Ontario, Canada (7)
  • Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History [OMNH], Norman, OK (7)
  • Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh [CM], Pittsburgh, PA (5)
  • Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology [WFVZ], Camarillo, CA (5)
  • Chicago Academy of Sciences [CHAS], Chicago, IL (4)
  • University of Colorado Museum [UCM], Denver, CO (4)
  • University of Michigan, Museum of Zoology [UMMZ], Lansing, Michigan (4)
  • University of Washington Burke Museum [UWBM], Seattle, WA (3)
  • Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History [USNM], Washington, DC (2)
  • University of Nebraska State Museum [UNSM], Lincoln, Nebraska (2)
  • Peabody Museum of Natural History [YPM], Yale University, New Haven, CT (1)
  • University of California, Los Angeles [UCLA], California (1)



Articles by C.B. Linton

» Linton, C. B. Notes from San Clemente Island in Condor 10(2):82-86, March-April, 1908

» Linton, C. B. Notes from Santa Cruz Island in Condor 10(3):124-129, May-June, 1908

» Linton, C. B. Salpinctes obsoletus pulverous restricted to San Nicolas Island in Condor 10(3):129. May-June, 1908

» Linton, C. B. Microscopic Subspecies in Condor 10(4):181, 1908

» Linton, C. B. Otocoris alpestris insularis on the Mainland Coast in Condor 10(4):181, 1908

» Linton, C. B. Is not the San Clemente Shrike Identical with the Island Shrike? in Condor 10(4):182, July-August, 1908

» Linton, C. B. Pililo clementae excluded from Santa Cruz Island avifauna in Condor 10(5):208. September-October, 1908

» Linton, C. B. Ancient Murrelet at San Clemente in Condor 11(3):102. May-June, 1909

» Linton, C. B. Further Notes from San Clemente Island in Condor 11(6):193-194. November-December, 1909

» Linton, C. B. Unusual Nesting Site of the San Nicholas [sic] Rock Wren in Condor 13(3):109. May-June, 1911

» Linton, C. B. Nests of the San Nicolas Rock Wren in Auk 28(4):489, 1911

» Hamp Sanford Island of Mystery in High Country 45:16-22, 1978. Temecula, CA.

» Daily, Marla, Paul W. Collins and Brian G. Burd Clarence Brockman Linton (1880-1925): Channel Islands Entrepreneur, Ornithological Collector, and Pioneer Mariculturist in Damiani, C.C. and D.K. Garcelon (eds.). Proceedings of the 7th California Islands Symposium. Institute for Wildlife Studies, Arcata, CA. 2009:(99-112)


Island Collections~

Beginning in 1907 and continuing through 1910, Linton developed a commercial bird collecting operation on the Channel Islands and along the adjacent southern California mainland.Linton visited four of the Channel Islands (Santa Cruz, San Nicolas, Santa Barbara, and San Clemente islands) on numerous occasions to collect birds. He collected his first bird, an island horned lark (Eremophila alpestris insularis), at San Clemente Island on January 19, 1907, and his last bird, a snowy plover (Charadrius alexandrinus), at San Nicolas Island on May 24, 1910. During this 4-year period, Linton collected a total of 1061 scientific study skins from 97 species. He was the most prolific of the collectors of Channel Island birds: the birds he collected represent 12.1% of the 8,754 birds known to have been collected from the Channel Islands (P.W. Collins, unpublished data). Linton collected a few egg sets from the islands; however, his principal focus was collecting bird skins. Linton sold birds collected from the Channel Islands to a number of individuals who maintained private bird collections and to a number of public institutions. Today his Channel Islands bird specimens are housed in 21 museums: 17 in North America and 4 in foreign countries. Five of these museums (Museum of Comparative Zoology, Field Museum of Natural History, Los Angeles County Museum, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, and British Museum of Natural History) hold 86.6% of Linton’s Channel Islands bird specimens, with the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard holding the largest percentage (61.8%, n=655 specimens). Linton collected a total of 97 species, including 60 species from San Clemente Island, 22 species from San Nicolas Island, 63 species from Santa Cruz Island, and 5 species from Santa Barbara Island.


San Clemente Island

1907 LACM birds

2/7,15/1907 MCZ birds

0/15,19,20,21,28/1908 OMNH birds


ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton LACM January 23, 1907 LACM-91462 Larus occidentalis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton LACM January 24, 1907 LACM-31 Sterna maxima maxima Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton LACM January 24, 1907 LACM-21612 Larus heermanni Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton LACM January 24, 1907 LACM-21613 Larus heermanni Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton UMMZ January 24, 1907 UMMZ-124574 Larus heermani Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton CM January 25, 1907 CM-165733 Thalasseus maximus maximus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton LACM January 25, 1907 LACM-2584 Pelecanus occidentalis californicus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton UMMZ January 25, 1907 UMMZ-124575 Larus heermani Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ January 25, 1907 MCZ-250044 Larus heermanni Eggs
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton LACM January 25, 1907 LACM-13989 Sterna maxima maxima Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton AMNH February 7, 1907 AMNH-762609 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton CAS February 7, 1907 CAS-35471 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton LACM February 7, 1907 LACM-21729 Sterna maxima maxima Birds
~ trip ~
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton CM February 15, 1907 CM-165734 Thalasseus maximus maximus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton DMNH February 15, 1907 DMNH-5517 Phalacrocorax penicillatus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ February 15, 1907 MCZ-53690 Sturnella neglecta Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ February 15, 1907 MCZ-56809 Thyromanes bewickii correctus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ February 19, 1907 MCZ-57982 Falco sparverius sparverius Eggs
~ trip ~
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ March 8, 1907 MCZ-180208 Podiceps nigricollis californicus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ March 9, 1907 MCZ-308818 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ March 9, 1907 MCZ-308819 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ March 10, 1907 MCZ-308820 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ March 10, 1907 MCZ-308821 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ March 10, 1907 MCZ-308822 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ March 10, 1907 MCZ-308823 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton CM March 11, 1907 CM-143790 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton AMNH March 13, 1907 AMNH-763619 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton CAS March 13, 1907 CAS-36268 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton KU March 13, 1907 KU-26713 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton WFVZ March 13, 1907 WFVZ-211127 Pandion haliaetus Eggs
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton LACM March 14, 1907 LACM-22008 Selasphorus sasin sedentarius Eggs
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton KU March 15, 1907 KU-25338 Ptychoramphus aleuticus aleuticus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton DMNH March 16, 1907 DMNH-5817 Tringa incana Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ March 16, 1907 MCZ-307535 Larus occidentalis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton CAS March 17, 1907 CAS-36267 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton KU March 17, 1907 KU-25387 Selasphorus sasin sedentarius Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton WFVZ March 19, 1907 WFVZ-6966 Lanius ludovicianus Eggs
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ March 20, 1907 MCZ-316998 Dendroica coronata auduboni Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton FMNH March 31, 1907 FMNH-13028 Pandion haliaetus carolinensis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton KU April 1, 1907 KU-26714 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton WFVZ April 1, 1907 WFVZ-6948 Zonotrichia melodia Eggs
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton AMNH April 2, 1907 AMNH-436661 Arenaria melanocephala Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton CAS April 2, 1907 CAS-35627 Pandion haliaetus carolinensis Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton KU April 2, 1907 KU-25288 Arenaria melanocephala Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton WFVZ April 2, 1907 WFVZ-97069 Pandion haliaetus carolinensis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton CAS April 5, 1907 CAS-35472 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton LACM April 5, 1907 LACM-22362 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton LACM April 5, 1907 LACM-22363 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 5, 1907 MCZ-308817 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
~ trip ~
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton KU October 8, 1907 KU-27222 Melospiza melodia clemente Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton KU October 8, 1907 KU-27223 Melospiza melodia clemente Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton LACM October 9, 1907 LACM-23572 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 9, 1907 MCZ-250045 Larus heermanni Eggs
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 9, 1907 MCZ-316507 Phalacrocorax penicillatus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton KU October 10, 1907 KU-25386 Selasphorus sasin sedentarius Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton LACM October 10, 1907 LACM-23573 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ October 15, 1907 MVZ-21272 Zonotrichia querula Birds
~ trip ~
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ March 14, 1908 MCZ-180137 Thalasseus maximus maximus Birds
~ trip ~
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 2, 1908 MCZ-316440 Carpodacus mexicanus clementis Birds
San Clemente Island unknown C. B. Linton? CUMV October 17, 1908 CUMV-12926 Thryomanes bewickii leucophrys Birds
San Clemente Island unknown C. B. Linton? CUMV October 17, 1908 CUMV-12927 Thryomanes bewickii leucophrys Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton UWBM October 17, 1908 UWBM-18186 Tringa incanus Birds
~ trip ~
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 12, 1908 MCZ-316414 Zonotrichia melodia Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 14, 1908 MCZ-47328 Zonotrichia melodia Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 14, 1908 MCZ-183466 Zonotrichia melodia Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 14, 1908 MCZ-316406 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 14, 1908 MCZ-316412 Zonotrichia melodia Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 14, 1908 MCZ-316596 Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 14, 1908 MCZ-316905 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 14, 1908 MCZ-316947 Lanius ludovicianus anthonyi Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 14, 1908 MVZ-8442 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 14, 1908 MVZ-8446 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 14, 1908 MVZ-8459 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 14, 1908 MVZ-8465 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 14, 1908 MVZ-8472 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 14, 1908 MVZ-8476 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 14, 1908 1907 MVZ-57664 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 14, 1908 MVZ-8476 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 15, 1908 MCZ-316316 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 15, 1908 MCZ-316330 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 15, 1908 MCZ-316392 Accipiter striatus velox Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 15, 1908 MCZ-316406 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 15, 1908 MCZ-316886 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 15, 1908 MCZ-316898 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 15, 1908 MCZ-316906 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 15, 1908 MCZ-317231 Carpodacus mexicanus clementis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 15, 1908 MVZ-8439 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 15, 1908 MVZ-8458 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton OMNH November 15, 1908 OMNH-15413 Eremophila alpestris Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 16, 1908 MCZ-55329 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 16, 1908 MCZ-55341 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 16, 1908 MCZ-55343 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 16, 1908 MCZ-55345 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 16, 1908 MCZ-316302 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 16, 1908 MCZ-316307 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 16, 1908 MCZ-316308 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 16, 1908 MCZ-316312 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 16, 1908 MCZ-316313 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 16, 1908 MCZ-316314 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 16, 1908 MCZ-316315 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 16, 1908 MCZ-316324 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 16, 1908 MCZ-316325 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 16, 1908 MCZ-316326 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 16, 1908 MCZ-316329 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 16, 1909 MCZ-316418 Zonotrichia melodia Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 16, 1908 MCZ-316895 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 16, 1908 MCZ-317136 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 16, 1908 MVZ-8454 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 16, 1908 MVZ-8462 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 16, 1908 MVZ-8464 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 17, 1908 MCZ-316411 Zonotrichia melodia Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 17, 1908 MCZ-55388 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 17, 1908 MCZ-183467 Zonotrichia melodia Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 17, 1908 MCZ-183468 Zonotrichia melodia Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 17, 1908 MCZ-316434 Carpodacus mexicanus clementis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 17, 1908 MCZ-316611 Ceryle alcyon caurina Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 17, 1908 MCZ-316890 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 17, 1908 MCZ-316904 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 17, 1908 MCZ-317002 Thryomanes bewickii leucophrys Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 17, 1908 MVZ-8441 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 17, 1908 MVZ-8469 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 17, 1908 MVZ-8445 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 17, 1908 MVZ-8453 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 17, 1908 MVZ-8471 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 17, 1908 MVZ-8474 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 17, 1908 MVZ-8475 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton ROM November 17, 1908 ROM-22.4.20.812 Zonotrichia melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 18, 1908 MCZ-55332 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 18, 1908 MCZ-180945 Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 18, 1908 MCZ-184599 Salpinctes obsoletus obsoletus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 18, 1908 MCZ-316433 Carpodacus mexicanus clementis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 18, 1908 MCZ-316879 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 18, 1908 MCZ-316882 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 18, 1908 MCZ-316884 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 18, 1908 MCZ-316889 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 18, 1908 MCZ-317610 Ceryle alcyon caurina Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 18, 1908 MCZ-317030 Salpinctes obsoletus obsoletus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 18, 1908 MVZ-8461 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 18, 1908 MVZ-8466 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 18, 1908 MCZ-55390 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 18, 1908 MVZ-106851 Heteroscelus incanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 19, 1908 MCZ-63982 Dendroica coronata coronata Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 19, 1908 MCZ-316413 Zonotrichia melodia Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 19, 1908 MCZ-316438 Carpodacus mexicanus clementis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 19, 1908 MCZ-316439 Carpodacus mexicanus clementis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 19, 1908 MCZ-316406 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 19, 1908 MCZ-316885 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 19, 1908 MVZ-8444 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 19, 1908 MVZ-8455 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton OMNH November 19, 1908 OMNH-15662 Melospiza melodia Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 20, 1908 MCZ-15438 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 20, 1908 MCZ-55335 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 20, 1908 MCZ-57662 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 20, 1908 MVZ-21271 Euphagus carolinus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton OMNH November 20, 1908 OMNH-15411 Eremophila alpestris Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 20, 1908 MCZ-57662 Asio otus wilsonianus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton ROM November 20, 1908 ROM-22.4.20.569 Carpodacus mexicanus clementis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 21, 1908 MCZ-55342 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 21, 1908 MCZ-57185 Catharus gutattus nanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 21, 1908 MCZ-57189 Catharus gutattus nanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 21, 1908 MCZ-183840 Catharus gutattus nanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 21, 1908 MCZ-316327 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 21, 1908 MCZ-316328 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 21, 1908 MCZ-316531 Zonotrichia iliaca Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 21, 1908 MCZ-316894 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 21, 1908 MCZ-316970 Catharus gutattus nanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 21, 1908 MCZ-316971 Catharus gutattus nanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 21, 1908 MCZ-316974 Catharus gutattus nanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 21, 1908 MCZ-317008 Thryomanes bewickii leucophrys Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 21, 1908 MVZ-8443 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton OMNH November 21, 1908 OMNH-15873 Carpodacus mexicanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 22, 1908 MCZ-47327 Zonotrichia melodia Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 22, 1908 MCZ-57184 Catharus gutattus nanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 22, 1908 MCZ-183081 Carpodacus mexicanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 22, 1908 MCZ-316435 Carpodacus mexicanus clementis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 22, 1908 MCZ-316443 Carpodacus mexicanus clementis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 22, 1908 MCZ-316755 Selasphorus sasin sedentarius Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 22, 1908 MCZ-316969 Catharus gutattus nanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 22, 1908 MCZ-316975 Catharus gutattus nanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 22, 1908 MCZ-316976 Catharus gutattus nanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 22, 1908 MVZ-8460 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 23, 1908 MCZ-316407 Zonotrichia melodia Birds
San Clemente Island H. W. WRIGHT MCZ November 23, 1908 MCZ-316408 Zonotrichia melodia Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 23, 1908 MCZ-316415 Zonotrichia melodia Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 23, 1908 MCZ-316819 Dendroica coronata auduboni Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 23, 1908 MCZ-316902 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 23, 1908 MCZ-317011 Thryomanes bewickii leucophrys Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 23, 1908 MCZ-317148 Sayornis nigricans semiatra Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton ROM November 23, 1908 ROM-51897 Thryomanes bewickii leucophrys Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 24, 1908 MCZ-57183 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 24, 1908 MCZ-183841 Catharus gutattus nanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 24, 1908 MCZ-184651 Thryomanes bewickii leucophrys Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 24, 1908 MCZ-316320 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 24, 1908 MCZ-316973 Catharus gutattus nanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 24, 1908 MCZ-316977 Catharus gutattus nanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 24, 1908 MCZ-316979 Catharus gutattus nanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 24, 1908 MCZ-317006 Thryomanes bewickii leucophrys Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 24, 1908 MCZ-317146 Catharus gutattus nanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton WFVZ November 24, 1908 WFVZ-6966 Lanius ludovicianus anthonyi Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 25, 1908 MCZ-183842 Catharus gutattus nanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 25, 1908 MCZ-316431 Carpodacus mexicanus clementis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 25, 1908 MCZ-316891 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 25, 1908 MCZ-316946 Lanius ludovicianus anthonyi Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 25, 1908 MCZ-316972 Catharus gutattus nanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 25, 1908 MCZ-316980 Catharus gutattus nanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 25, 1908 MCZ-330851 Catharus gutattus nanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 25, 1908 MVZ-8463 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 25, 1908 MVZ-8475 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 25, 1908 MVZ-8477 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton UWBM November 25, 1908 UWBM-17760 Melospiza melodia Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 27, 1908 MCZ-55335 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 27, 1908 MCZ-55338 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 27, 1908 MCZ-55340 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 27, 1908 MCZ-55344 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 27, 1908 MCZ-316306 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 27, 1908 MCZ-316309 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 27, 1908 MCZ-316310 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 27, 1908 MCZ-316319 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 28, 1908 MCZ-55334 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 28, 1908 MCZ-182735 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 28, 1908 MCZ-316301 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 28, 1908 MCZ-316303 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 28, 1908 MCZ-316317 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 28, 1908 MCZ-316321 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 28, 1908 MCZ-316322 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 28, 1908 MCZ-316330 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 28, 1908 MCZ-316978 Catharus gutattus nanus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton OMNH November 28, 1908 OMNH-15412 Eremophila alpestris Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 29, 1908 MCZ-316417 Zonotrichia melodia Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 29, 1908 MCZ-55387 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 29, 1908 MCZ-55389 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 29, 1908 MCZ-184652 Thryomanes bewickii leucophrys Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 29, 1908 MCZ-316880 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 29, 1908 MVZ-47330 Zonotrichia melodia Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 29, 1908 MVZ-8457 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 30, 1908 MCZ-184653 Thryomanes bewickii leucophrys Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 30, 1908 MCZ-316512 Zonotrichia iliaca Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 30, 1908 MCZ-316892 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 30, 1908 MCZ-316901 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 30, 1908 MCZ-316903 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 30, 1908 MCZ-317001 Thryomanes bewickii leucophrys Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 30, 1908 MCZ-317009 Thryomanes bewickii leucophrys Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ November 30, 1908 MVZ-8456 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton UWBM November 30, 1908 UWBM-17761 Pipilo maculatus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 1, 1908 MCZ-316442 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 1, 1908 MCZ-316878 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 1, 1908 MCZ-316888 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 1, 1908 MCZ-316897 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 1, 1908 MCZ-316899 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 1, 1908 MCZ-316900 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 1, 1908 MCZ-317010 Thryomanes bewickii leucophrys Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ December 1, 1908 MVZ-8452 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 3, 1908 MCZ-316416 Zonotrichia melodia Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ December 3, 1908 1908 MVZ-8447 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ December 3, 1908 1908 MVZ-8448 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ December 3, 1908 MVZ-8470 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ December 3, 1908 MVZ-8473 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 4, 1908 MCZ-53946 Podiceps auritus cornutus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 4, 1908 MCZ-55386 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 4, 1908 MCZ-183702 Pipilo erythrophtalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 4, 1908 MCZ-183703 Pipilo erythrophtalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 4, 1908 MCZ-316530 Zonotrichia iliaca Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 4, 1908 MCZ-53946 Podiceps auritus cornutus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 4, 1908 MCZ-184600 Salpinctes obsoletus obsoletus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 4, 1908 MCZ-316893 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 4, 1908 MCZ-317005 Thryomanes bewickii leucophrys Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ December 4, 1908 MVZ-21273 Pipilo maculatus oregonus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ December 4, 1908 MVZ-8440 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 5, 1908 MCZ-316410 Zonotrichia melodia Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 5, 1908 MCZ-316428 Carpodacus mexicanus clementis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 5, 1908 MCZ-316907 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ December 5, 1908 MVZ-8449 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ December 5, 1908 MVZ-8450 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ December 5, 1908 MVZ-8451 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 6, 1908 MCZ-316409 Zonotrichia melodia Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 6, 1908 MCZ-316432 Carpodacus mexicanus clementis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 6, 1908 MCZ-316896 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ December 6, 1908 1908 MVZ-8468 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton ROM December 6, 1908 ROM-22.4.20.568 Carpodacus mexicanus clementis Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton ROM December 6, 1908 ROM-22.4.20.813 Zonotrichia melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 8, 1908 MCZ-183397 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 8, 1908 MCZ-317051 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 8, 1908 MCZ-317054 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 8, 1908 MCZ-317060 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 8, 1908 MCZ-317061 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 8, 1908 MCZ-317064 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 9, 1908 MCZ-183398 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 9, 1908 MCZ-316765 Dendroica townsendi Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 9, 1908 MCZ-317053 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 9, 1908 MCZ-183398 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 9, 1908 MCZ-316986 Sialia currucoides Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 9, 1908 MCZ-317052 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 9, 1908 MCZ-317056 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 9, 1908 MCZ-317058 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 9, 1908 MCZ-317059 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 9, 1908 MCZ-317063 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 10, 1908 MCZ-55441 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 10, 1908 MCZ-317055 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 10, 1908 MCZ-317066 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 10, 1908 MCZ-317057 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 10, 1908 MCZ-317062 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 10, 1908 MCZ-317065 Amphispiza belli Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 12, 1908 MCZ-316493 Synthliboramphus antiquus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 12, 1908 MCZ-53947 Cerorhinca monocerata Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 12, 1908 MCZ-316632 Crocethia alba Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 13, 1908 MCZ-316633 Crocethia alba Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ December 15, 1908 MVZ-8467 Melospiza melodia clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 19, 1908 MCZ-316596 Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea Birds


ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN
San Miguel Island C. B. Linton ROM January 7, 1909 ROM-22.4.20.176 Arenaria melanocephala Birds


ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton LACM February 10, 1907 LACM-32 Sterna maxima maxima Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton LACM February 10, 1907 LACM-35 Larus occidentalis wymani Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ February 10, 1907 MCZ-180010 Larus heermanni Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ February 10, 1907 MCZ-306950 Larus californicus Birds ~ trip ~
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton KU October 12, 1907 KU-26036 Catharus ustulatus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton KU October 15, 1907 KU-29358 Tringa incana Birds
~ trip ~
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ January 1, 1908 MCZ-57668 Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea Birds
~ trip ~
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton AMNH September 26, 1908 AMNH-757938 Salpinctes obsoletus obsoletus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ September 26, 1908 MCZ-311942 Salpinctes obsoletus obsoletus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ September 26, 1908 MCZ-311944 Salpinctes obsoletus obsoletus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ September 26, 1908 MCZ-317031 Salpinctes obsoletus obsoletus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ September 26, 1908 MCZ-317107 Ammodramus sandwichensis Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ September 26, 1908 MCZ-317260 Vireo gilvus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton [?] MCZ September 26, 1908 MCZ-330929 Salpinctes obsoletus obsoletus Birds
~ trip ~
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton (?) UMMZ January 1, 1909 UMMZ-72914 Salpinctes obsoletus pulverius Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton (?) CUMV January 4, 1909 CUMV-13267 Salpinctes obsoletus pulverius Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton (?) CUMV January 4, 1909 CUMV-13283 Salpinctes obsoletus pulverius Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton (?) UMMZ January 4, 1909 UMMZ-72913 Salpinctes obsoletus pulverius Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton (?) CUMV January 5, 1909 CUMV-13282 Salpinctes obsoletus pulverius Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ January 5, 1909 MCZ-316597 Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ January 6, 1909 MCZ-316323 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ January 7, 1909 MCZ-316368 Erolia minutilla Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ January 7, 1909 MCZ-316369 Erolia minutilla Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ January 7, 1909 MCZ-316436 Carpodacus mexicanus clementis Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ January 8, 1909 MCZ-56814 Salpinctes obsoletus obsoletus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ January 9, 1909 MCZ-316429 Carpodacus mexicanus clementis Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ January 9, 1909 MCZ-55348 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ January 9, 1909 MCZ-316377 Corvus corax sinuatus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MVZ January 9, 1909 MVZ-317152 Sayornis saya saya Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ January 10, 1909 MCZ-57187 Catharus guttatus guttatus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ January 12, 1909 MCZ-55347 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ January 13, 1909 MCZ-317106 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ January 15, 1909 MCZ-317032 Salpinctes obsoletus obsoletus Birds
~ trip ~
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ March 30, 1909 MCZ-316546 Arenaria melanocephala Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 5, 1909 MCZ-316509 Diomedea immutabilis Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 5, 1909 MCZ-316546 Arenaria melanocephala Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 5, 1909 MCZ-316547 Arenaria melanocephala Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 5, 1909 MCZ-316560 Arenaria interpres interpres Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 7, 1909 MCZ-255096 Arenaria melanocephala Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 9, 1909 MCZ-317152 Sayornis saya saya Birdss
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton WFVZ April 15, 1909 WFVZ-97069 Pandion haliaetus Eggs
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ May 5, 1909 MCZ-316300 Aphriza virgata Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ May 1909 MCZ-53775 Heteroscelus incanus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ 1909 MCZ-53776 Heteroscelus incanus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ May 10, 1909 MCZ-182402 Heteroscelus incanus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ May 13, 1909 MCZ-53777 Heteroscelus incanus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ May 13, 1909 MCZ-53778 Heteroscelus incanus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ May 13, 1909 MCZ-182403 Heteroscelus incanus Birds
~ trip ~
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ March 24, 1910 MCZ-316635 Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ March 24, 1910 MCZ-316636 Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton AMNH April 24, 1910 AMNH-752143 Tringa incanus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton LACM April 1910 LACM-206 [destroyed] Colaptes auratus collaris Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 3, 1910 MCZ-54013 Heteroscelus incanus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 7, 1910 MCZ-316545 Arenaria melanocphala Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 7, 1910 MCZ-316561 Arenaria interpres interpres Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 7, 1910 MCZ-316551 Arenaria interpres interpres Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 7, 1910 MCZ-316552 Arenaria interpres interpres Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 7, 1910 MCZ-316556 Arenaria interpres interpres Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 7, 1910 MCZ-316559 Arenaria interpres interpres Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 7, 1910 MCZ-316563 Arenaria interpres interpres Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 21, 1910 MCZ-316566 Arenaria interpres interpres Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 23, 1910 MCZ-316554 Arenaria interpres interpres Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 23, 1910 MCZ-316555 Arenaria interpres interpres Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 23 1910 MCZ-316558 Arenaria interpres interpres Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 29, 1910 MCZ-316537 Heteroscelus incanus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 29, 1910 MCZ-316538 Heteroscelus incanus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 29, 1910 MCZ-316539 Heteroscelus incanus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 29, 1910 MCZ-316538 Heteroscelus incanus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ May 3, 1910 MCZ-316544 Arenaria melanocphala Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ May 3, 1910 MCZ-53774 Heteroscelus incanus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ May 3, 1910 MCZ-316540 Heteroscelus incanus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ May 3, 1910 MCZ-316541 Heteroscelus incanus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ April 23, 1910 MCZ-316562 Arenaria interpres interpres Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ May 7, 1910 MCZ-316553 Arenaria interpres interpres Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ May 7, 1910 MCZ-316557 Arenaria interpres interpres Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ May 7, 1910 MCZ-316564 Arenaria interpres interpres Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ May 7, 1910 MCZ-316565 Arenaria interpres interpres Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ May 11, 1910 MCZ-53779 Heteroscelus incanus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ May 11, 1910 MCZ-316543 Heteroscelus incanus Birds
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton MCZ May 14, 1910 MCZ-317256 Empidonax traillii Birds
~ trip ~
San Nicolas Island C. B. Linton CAS October 1912 CAS-35793 Xantusia riversiana Herps


ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN
Santa Barbara Island C. B. Linton DMNH February 10, 1907 DMNH-6102 Ptychoramphus aleuticus aleuticus Birds
~ trip ~
ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN
Santa Barbara Island C. B. Linton MCZ January 1, 1909 MCZ-316590 Sturnella neglecta Birds
Santa Barbara Island C. B. Linton MCZ January 1, 1909 MCZ-58009 Synthliboramphus antiquus Birds
Santa Barbara Island C. B. Linton MCZ January 1, 1909 MCZ-58010 Synthliboramphus antiquus Birds


Santa Cruz Island

11/24,26,27,30/1907 CAS birds [with Willett]

11/24/1907 USNM birds

12/6,14,15/1907 CAS birds

1908 LACM birds


ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton & George Willett CAS November 20, 1907 CAS-34816 Arenaria melanocephala Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton & George Willett LACM November 20, 1907 LACM-7402 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island G. Willett & C. B. Linton LACM November 20, 1907 LACM-22435 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island G. Willett & C. B. Linton LACM November 20, 1907 LACM-22437 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island G. Willett & C. B. Linton LACM November 20, 1907 LACM-22438 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton DMNH November 22, 1907 DMNH-42367 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island G. Willett & C. B. Linton LACM November 23, 1907 LACM-7400 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton & George Willett LACM November 23, 1907 LACM-7413 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton & G. Willett LACM November 23, 1907 LACM-22439 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton & G. Willett LACM November 23, 1907 LACM-22441 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton & G. Willett CAS November 24, 1907 CAS-34746 Phalaropus fulicaria Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton DMNH November 24, 1907 DMNH-5567 Gavia stellata Birds
Santa Cruz Island G. Willett & C. B. Linton MCZ November 24, 1907 MCZ-53919 Ptychoramphus aleuticus Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton DMNH November 25, 1907 DMNH-5599 Fulmarus glacialis rogersii Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton DMNH November 25, 1907 DMNH-6116 Cerorhinca monocerata Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton CAS November 26, 1907 CAS-34787 Heteroscelus incanus Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton KU November 26, 1907 KU-26237 Vireo huttoni Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton & G. Willett CAS November 24, 1907 CAS-34747 Phalaropus fulicaria Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton & George Willett DMNS November 27, 1907 DMNS-5710 Aphelocoma coerulescens insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton CAS December 6, 1907 CAS-72631 Fulmarus glacialis rodgersii Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton CAS December 7, 1907 CAS-34815 Arenaria melanocephala Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton CAS December 14, 1907 CAS-35513 Aphelocoma insularis insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton CAS December 14, 1907 CAS-48347 Aphelocoma insularis insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton DMNH December 15, 1907 DMNH-6581 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton & G. Willett UCLA November 27, 1907 UCLA-11285 Phalaropus fulicarius Birds
Santa Cruz Island G. Willett & C. B. Linton UCM November 27, 1907 UCM-8242 Cerorhinca monocerata Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton & George Willett LACM November 28, 1907 LACM-7404 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton & George Willett NMNH November 28, 1907 USNM-413645 Fulmarus glacialis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 29, 1907 MCZ-180271 Phalacrocorax penicillatus Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton LACM November 29, 1907 LACM-7408 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island G. Willett & C. B. Linton LACM November 29, 1907 LACM-22440 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island G. Willett & C. B. Linton LACM November 29, 1907 LACM-22442 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 29, 1907 MCZ-55437 Carduelis psaltria hesperophila Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton ROM November 29, 1907 ROM-22.4.20.444 Aphelocoma coerulescens insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island G. Willett & C. B. Linton CAS November 30, 1907 CAS-34671 Cerorhinca monocerata Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton KU December 1, 1907 KU-25643 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 1, 1907 MCZ-316508 Gavia arctica pacifica Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 2, 1907 MCZ-18021 Gavia arctica pacifica Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 2, 1907 MCZ-53956 Mergus serrator Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 2, 1907 MCZ-182255 Haematopus ostralegus Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton UCM December 2, 1907 UCM-8071 Arenaria melanocephala Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 3, 1907 MCZ-250872 Cerorhinca monocerata Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 4, 1907 MCZ-316494 Haematopus ostralegus Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 6, 1907 MCZ-53948 Fulmarus glacialis rogersii Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton UCM December 6, 1907 UCM-8070 Arenaria melanocephala Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 7, 1907 MCZ-180185 Cerorhinca monocerata Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 8, 1907 MCZ-316495 Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton KU December 12, 1907 KU-25644 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 13, 1907 MCZ-53772 Heteroscelus incanus Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 13, 1907 MCZ-316766 Dendroica townsendi Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton LACM December 14, 1907 LACM-7399 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton LACM December 14, 1907 LACM-7415 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 14, 1907 MCZ-57983 Falco sparverius sparverius Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 14, 1907 MCZ-316718 Vireo huttoni huttoni Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton CAS December 15, 1907 CAS-35514 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton LACM December 15, 1907 LACM-7407 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 15, 1907 MCZ-316807 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton DMNS December 16, 1907 DMNS-2059 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton KU December 16, 1907 KU-26840 Aimophila ruficeps obscura Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 17, 1907 MCZ-250815 Synthliboramphus antiquus Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 17, 1907 MCZ-180186 Cerorhinca monocerata Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 18, 1907 MCZ-180012 Larus heermanni Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 18, 1907 MCZ-250873 Cerorhinca monocerata Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton OSUM December 18, 1907 OSUM-8971 Cerorhinca monocerata Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton UCM December 19, 1907 UCM-8208 Larus heermani Birds
~ trip ~
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 1, 1908 MCZ-184153 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton DMNS October 1, 1908 DMNS-18679 Thryomanes bewickii Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton CM October 4, 1908 CM-111599 Thyromanes bewickii Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 5, 1908 MCZ-316707 Vireo solitarius Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 6, 1908 MCZ-316730 Vireo huttoni huttoni Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 7, 1908 MCZ-53932 Larus heermanni Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton CHAS October 8, 1908 CHAS-7374 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 8, 1908 MCZ-317247 Vermivora celata sorida Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 8, 1908 MCZ-53921 Podiceps nigricollis californicus Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 8, 1908 MCZ-53923 Larus heermanni Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 9, 1908 MCZ-316723 Vireo huttoni huttoni Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton CM October 9, 1908 CM-111600 Thyromanes bewickii Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 10, 1908 MCZ-53922 Podiceps nigricollis californicus Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 10, 1908 MCZ-53930 Larus heermanni Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 10, 1908 MCZ-53931 Larus heermanni Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton OMNH October 10, 1908 OMNH-15718 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 11, 1908 MCZ-55161 Larus heermanni Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 11, 1908 MCZ-184154 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton AMNH October 12, 1908 AMNH-752144 Tringa incanus Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 12, 1908 MCZ-53933 Larus heermanni Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton AMNH October 15, 1908 AMNH-751953 Arenaria melanocephala Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton LACM October 15, 1908 LACM-7401 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 15, 1908 MCZ-316806 Vermivora celata sorida Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 16, 1908 MCZ-180011 Larus heermanni Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 16, 1908 MCZ-316838 Aeronautes saxtalis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 16, 1908 MCZ-316839 Aeronautes saxtalis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 17, 1908 MCZ-53934 Larus heermanni Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 17, 1908 MCZ-316764 Dendroica townsendi Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 17, 1908 MCZ-53970 Falco sparverius sparverius Eggs
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton ROM October 17, 1908 ROM-22.4.20.1001 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton MCZ October 19, 1908 MCZ-53935 Larus heermanni Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton LACM October 21, 1908 LACM-7402 Aphelocoma insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton OMNH October 23, 1908 OMNH-15678 Junco hyemalis Birds



In the News~

August 14, 1896 [LAT]: “Clarence Linton, a boy of 15, was hunting in San Sansino Canyon, in the Puente Hills east of town, yesterday, and all of a sudden he saw at a distance of about fifteen feet a mountain lion, crouched ready to spring. The boy had but one load of bird-shot in his gun and had never fired a shotgun in his life, but he took in the situation and concluded to give the animal his best effort. He took aim and fired, and it proved a sure shot…”


September 16, 1907 [Linton to Mr. Wetmore: “Your letter and list received. You may forward me, if you will, the enclosed list, by return mail if possible, as I leave for collecting trip through Oct., Oct. 1st or 5th. I can send you now, i.e upon receipt of yours; the enclosed bit and can “book” you for any number of the list no. 3. to be filled before June 1st. I have sold nearly all my duplicates but will have a fine new supply of water birds (& others) in about 60 days. I sincerely hope that we can arrange a good exchange. There are many of the [?] birds that I would like to get: send me your entire list. Also select your desiderata from my list no. 3, & I will fill it for you as soon as possible. Yours very truly, C. B. Linton [P.S.] Providing my skins do not prove satisfactory, I will return yours or purchase them. Linton [P.P.S.] Thanks for handing my list to your friend: saved shipping skins to Thayer Museum, J. Lewis Childs, Field Columbian Museum & others. Same quality that I should send you.”


October 29, 1907 [SIA]: “Dear Mr. [Alex] Wetmore, …I have just returned from 3 weeks on San Clemente Island collecting for myself and Drs. Bishop and Dwight of the Club. I have a pair of San Clemente wren, rock wren, horned lark, song sparrow, and towhee to exchange…”


November 17, 1907 [SIA]: “Dear Mr. Wetmore, …I am leaving tonight for 4 weeks on Santa Cruz Island and will write you when I return…”


January 4, 1908 [SIA]: “Mr. Alex Wetmore, Dear Sir, I have at last reached home. We had a trying trip to Santa Cruz Island encountering storms and bad weather in general…”


February 1, 1909 [LAT]: “Long Beach. Big pearls on neck of dead. Immense jewels rattle on island skeleton. Thirteen of them, the size of walnuts, but somewhat decomposed, are dug up at San Nicolas along with bones of Indians. They came from extinct red abalone. C. B. Linton of this city, who has spent several years in the study of archaeology and ornithology, has just returned from a month’s exploration of San Nicolas Island. Although nominally his object was gathering of shells and fauna, he also had a curiosity to solve the mystery of the disposal of the pearls, which he judged were found in large numbers in the red abalone. This now extinct shellfish once formed the major part of the food of the Indians who formerly inhabited the San Nicolas group. After weeks of fruitless search over desert hills and sand wastes, he, by accident, found his quest. While prospecting the sand dunes near the western extremity of the island, he noted a bright spot in one of the mounds. Investigating, he found it to be the back portion of a human skull. After an hour’s excavation with a knife, he found an entire Indian skeleton, face down, and with arms and legs drawn up beneath the trunk. Linton and two assistants made further investigations and during the next three days uncovered nineteen skeletons. In the center was what he judged to be the remains of a chief, because of the care taken in his burial and the number and value of the decorations. On the top of the skull was the major portion of another skull. On the center of the back were two large spears laid crosswise and several stone rings. Near his feet were five bone daggers, and a bone implement of some kind. Around the neck, however, was the greatest find. Among the large and small stones and shell pendants were buried thirteen immense pearls, each one with a small hole drilled in the smaller end for stringing. These average the size of an English walnut, and if freshly taken from the shells would be worth easily $3500. As it is, they are valuable only as archaeological specimens, as they are somewhat decomposed, though still retaining some of their luster. Below the face and breast of the chief were found numerous tiny shell beads and a quantity of wampum. Most of the skull bore evidences of being crushed and broken, and Mr. Linton believes the remains are those of a chief and his warriors, who are reputed to have been killed by sealers over 100 years ago. All of the curios were brought home by Mr. Linton, and will be presented to the Los Angeles Society, of which he is an active member.”


February 2, 1909 [OT]: “Los Angeles, Feb. 2 — While exploring the shifting sand dunes of bleak San Nicolas Island, C. B. Linton of Long Beach, a member of the Southwest Archaeological Society, made one of the most interesting discoveries ever unearthed in that place of mystery. It is a string of wonderful pearls still clinging to the skeleton neck of a chief of the extinct people who once dwelt there. The pearls would be almost priceless if well-preserved, but they are much decomposed. The pearls, which doubtless came from the now extinct red abalone, are the size of English walnuts and still lustrous...”


April 26, 1909 [LAH]: “Long Beach, April 25. For a stay of a month at San Nicolas Island, in which time he will conclude his explorations there, C. B. Linton, who is engaged in gathering material for a large museum of natural history, left tonight in the schooner May, accompanied by Milton McMillan, who postponed his cruise to the island from last night to this. Linton returned from San Nicolas a number of weeks ago with a remarkable collection of antiquities. Among these were a large number of pearls of great size which would have been valued at many thousands of dollars had they not been spoiled. On the May tonight Linton took food sufficient to last him and his party about forty days. He will be accompanied by three other men who will remain with him on the island. McMillan expects to return to the mainland after a few days. While San Nicolas Island is absolutely barren, Linton says that a large spring furnishes plenty of good water. Another smaller spring was discovered near the camp, which he used formerly, but he fears this has served its usefulness. Linton has 5000 interesting specimens now stored in this city. He does not propose to place his archaeological wonders on exhibition until he has more nearly completed his collection. After finishing his work at San Nicolas he will travel up the coast to Santa Cruz Island, a beautiful spot, well covered with vineyards and little farms, where he will remain three weeks. He has a hunting license good on this island.”


April 28, 1909 [LAT/LB]: “Captain Dennis Flynn of the launch Elliott, who returned today from San Nicolas Island, says that two boys, Gordon Richardson, aged 13, and Dietrich Sepulveda, age 15, who were committed to the Ella Linton home for incorrigibles, are kept by Clarence B. Linton, a collector of curios, on the island against their will. Flynn states that he found the lads in a starving condition, and fed them from the launch;s stores, and that they begged him to take them off the island, saying that they were kept there to gather shells and curios, and did not see a white person for weeks at a time. Mrs. Ella Linton, matron of the home, says that she secured permission from the parents of the boys for her son, C. B. Linton, to use them on the island. It was believed that employment would be good for them. Mrs. Linton denies that her son had treated the lads cruelly. She says they are not ‘state cases.’”


May 8, 1909 [SBI]: “Captain Dennis Flynn of the launch Elliott, charges Clarence B. Linton, curio collector, with keeping Dietris Sepulveda and Gordon Richardson, two boys of 15 and 13 years of age, from the Ella Linton home, on the bleak island of San Nicolas, off Santa Barbara, against their will. Flynn says he will consult Justice Brayton regarding the law in the case, and perhaps ask for a warrant. Captain Flynn piloted the last McMillan expedition over the island. He says he found the two boys in a starving condition, and fed them from the launch’s stores. Flynn says the boys begged him to take them away to the mainland as they had been on the island for weeks without seeing a white person. As the lads came from the Linton home, Flynn was unwilling to remove them, being doubtful of his legal right to take them across the channel. The boys, he says, are living in rude tents, and are used by Linton to collect shells and curios. Linton calls at the island once a month. Mrs. Ella Linton, custodian of the Ella Linton home, states that the Sepulveda and Richardson boys had been inmates of the home for many months and that she secured permission from their parents for her son to use them on San Nicolas Island gathering shells and curios. The Sepulveda boy’s parents, she states, wanted the lad confined in a reform school, but allowed him to be taken to San Nicolas Island instead. Mrs. Linton says that she is aware that charges have been made that the boys are starving, but that it is untrue. She says her son, C. B. Linton, wanted one of the boys to come away with him last month, but the lad refused. She FINISH


May 28, 1909 [LAT]: “C. B. Linton, collector of curios, arrived home today from San Nicolas Island. He brought back, besides several hundred curios, eighteen sacks of abalone shells which were gathered before the law protecting them went into effect. During his stay, Linton uncovered the bones of a strange mammal with a long head and tail, and Linton thinks they are from the skeleton of a sea cow. He fastened the remains with a cable and will examine them more thoroughly on his next visit.”


June 26, 1909 [LAT]: “C. B. Linton today chartered the launch Flyer for a four days’ trip to the Channel Islands, leaving Long Beach July 2 and returning July 6. Accompanying Mr. Linton will be fifteen members of the Cooper Ornithological Club of Los Angeles, among them City Clerk Lelande, Deputy City Attorney Howard Robertson, Dr. Otto J. Zahn, L. H. Miller, Alphonse Jay, Dr. Horace A. Gaylord, W. S. McQuilling and Consulting Geologist Ralph Arnold. Polytechnic High School will also have a representative. Scientific research is the main object of the expedition.”


July 7, 1909 on board the good ship Flyer, somewhere between Santa Barbara and San Nicolas islands, with the following members [Cooper Ornithological Club] present: O. W. Howard, W. B. Judson, A. P. Howard, H. J. Lelande, C. B. Linton, Otto J. Zahn, Antonin Jay, Chester Lamb and Howard Robertson; also the following as visitors: C. A. Caldwell, It. A. Gaylord, H. F. Hossick, Emerson Knight, H. Linton, H. N. Lowe, W. S. McQuilling, Captain Graves, Mate Grannis, and cook Vic… The party left Long Beach on Friday evening, July 2, for a three days’ trip to Santa Barbara and San Nicolas islands. Santa Barbara Island was first visited… Leaving Santa Barbara Island about 3 P.M. the trip was made to San Nicolas Island, reaching the sand spit at the southeast end of the island about 8 P.M. Sunday. July 4 was spent on the island by most of the party, some of whom walked around the island and examined the cormorant rookeries and the Indian burial grounds…” [Condor 12:1 (52)]


July 8, 1909 [LAT/LB]: “The launch Flyer, Captain Will Graves, with sixteen members of the Cooper Ornithological Club of California, arrived home at midnight, after a four-day’s cruise of the Channel Islands. The party was composed of City Clerk Harry J. Leland, Los Angeles; Howard Robertson, O. W. and Arthur Howard, Dr. Otto Zahn, W. B. Judson, H. F. Hossack, Antonin Jay, Emerson Knight, Herbert Lowe, Dr. Horace Gaylord, W. S. McQuilling, Chester Lamb, C. B. Caldwell, C. B. Linton, Grannis Crandall and Victor Sepulveda. The party left Friday under ideal conditions of weather, but soon after leaving the west end of Catalina Island, a storm was encountered and the remainder of the trip was a succession of encounters with rough seas. Reaching Santa Barbara Island on Saturday, the party spent ten hours gathering many valuable scientific specimens and then started for San Nicolas, with the wind blowing thirty miles an hour, causing the heavy swells to become mountains of foam-capped water. After five hours of bucking the waves in an attempt to reach North Beach, Captain Graves made for the lee of the island and shelter. That night the gale reached its height, blowing fifty miles an hour, but the following morning C. B. Linton succeeded in landing the entire party through the surf, after the boat was upset twice. The entire island was explored, the party traveling twenty-five miles. Returning they were unable to reach the launch and spent the night in one of the caves. The next day several human skeletons were unearthed, probably of the prehistoric aborigines, and the party also picked up Horace Linton, who was left in charge of Linton’s camp two months ago and was glad to get away…”


July 8, 1909 [LAH]: “Long Beach, July 7. The party of sixteen members of the Cooper Club of California who went to Santa Barbara Island July 3 in Captain W. H. Graves’ launch Flyer, returned last night with a large assortment of relics and interesting discoveries and with a story of having weathered one of the sharpest storms known among the Channel Islands for some years. Several different times members of the party were thrown overboard while trying to make landings through the heavy surf, and once several of the men had to stay all of one night and the following day in a small cave, being unable to return to their boat. In the party were Harry Lelande, city clerk of Los Angeles; attorney Howard Robertson, O. W. and Arthur Howard, Dr. Otto J. Zahn, W. B. Judson, H. F. Hossack, Antonio Jay, Emerson Knight, Dr. Horace Gaylord, H. N. Lowe, W. S. McQuilling, Chester Lamb, C. S. Caldwell, Clarence B. Linton, Horace Linton, Captain W. H. Graves, Mate Granis Crandall and Chef Victor Sepulveda.”


July 15, 1909 [LAT]: “Long Beach. C. B. Linton, the naturalist, has placed on exhibition at Hotel Virginia his collection of abalone pearls, about 2000 gems. They were all secured from San Nicolas Island, and this year, fourteen prehistoric pearls taken from the skeleton of an Indian chief, are among the curiosities.”


July 15, 1909 [LAH]: “Long Beach, July 14. A collection of abalone pearls, including about 2000 gems, is being exhibited at Hotel Virginia by C. B. Linton, a naturalist of this city, who recently returned from San Clemente [Nicolas] Island after an excursion and curio hunting trip with members of the California Ornithological Club. Fourteen immense “prehistoric pearls, taken from the neck of the skeleton of an Indian chief, are also in the collection. The pearl shells are extremely rare and Linton believes they will become extinct in three or four years.”


June 10, 1910 [SBWP]: “Islands scoured by scientific men. The little power launch Niedra, Captain Ed Hall, home port San Pedro, came in late yesterday afternoon from San Miguel Island for gasoline and water, and also to meet Captain Hall's wife and other members of his family who are expected to join him here for his return trip to San Pedro by way of San Nicolas. Incidentally, Captain Hall referred to a smashed foot which injury he received while attempting to make a landing, during a squall, on San Miguel. The Niedra is on a scientific expedition. At least, she is the transportation for two scientific expeditions which are engaged in the compilation of notes of the channel Islands and in the collection of curios and specimens. At San Miguel Island, the Niedra left Messrs. Willets [Willett] of Los Angeles and Appleton of Simi, Ventura county, and others, a party of taxidermists and bird men, who will probably spend two or three weeks on the island, with headquarters at Kiler's (Cuyler's). At San Nicolas, he will stop for Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Linton and party, who have been tenb weeks on the dreary isle in the interests of a new institution in Los Angeles, gathering curios.”


January 27, 1911 [LAT/LB]: “W. Leon Dawson, who is a guest of Clarence B. Linton and leaves for a trip to San Clemente and San Nicolas islands, is at work on a book which will sell at $750 a copy. It is a work on California ornithology and will require five years to complete…”


February 16, 1911 [LAT]: “Articles of incorporation were filed yesterday by C. B. Linton Investment Company, capital stock $30,000, incorporators C. B. Linton, J. W. Wood, Peter McClelland, F. Earl Brown and J. C. Brown, subscribed $500.”


February 17, 1911 [LAT]: “Long Beach. C. B. Linton of this city, a conchologist who owns concessions on San Clemente and San Nicolas islands, has interested Long Beach and Los Angeles men and formed a company which will develop the industry. Mr. Linton is at present on San Nicolas.”


June 26, 1911 [LAT]: “Long Beach. The launch Mermaid, which left here a few weeks ago for Santa Cruz Islands, is several days overdue and there is some anxiety regarding the safety of the boat and her passengers and crew. The Mermaid, which is a forty-foot boat, was chartered by C. B. Linton, a conchologist, to take him to the islands where he owns pearl and abalone concessions, where he expected to remain several weeks, the boat returning. A good cargo of provisions was taken along, together with a crew consisting of Captain Frank Kavanaugh of San Pedro, James Paschall, engineer, and half a dozen Japs. Since that time, no word has come of the boat or Mr. Linton and fears are entertained that some accident has occurred.”


July 11, 1911 [LAT]: “Frank Paschall, a young boatman, returned today from San Nicolas Island, and sought medical attention for a crippled hand and other injuries received while at the island, and which brought him to the verge of physical collapse after a narrow escape. The launch Mermaid, with Paschall in charge, had taken a load of supplies to the island and it was necessary to take them ashore in a skiff. Paschall had taken nine loads ashore and was taking the tenth load through the heavy surf, when he was seized with a cramp in his hand, which rendered it useless. A heavy breaker struck the rowboat, and after riding high on the swell, capsized it, spilling the supplies into the water. With one hand Paschall held to the boat and came up under it. In some way he succeeded after an hour’s work in getting free and righting the boat. Then with belated aid from the shore he was enabled to land. First aid treatment failed to relieve the cramp and Paschall immediately started for Long Beach. He says the time spent imprisoned under the boat was the most terrifying experience he ever had.”


August 9, 1911 [LAT]: “C. B. Linton, head of a company which has pearl and shell concessions at San Nicolas Island, has instructed his attorney to bring suit against the fish and game deputies who caused the arrest and prosecution of sixteen Japanese in the company’s employ charged with fishing without licenses. The arrest was illegal, Mr. Linton avers, because the John Doe warrants were issued in Los Angeles county while the alleged offense was committed in Santa Barbara county. In addition, the men were not fishing, but were gathering abalone shells from the reefs exposed at low tide, a case in which fishing licenses do not apply. Mr. Linton says the warrant was read to one Jap and then the entire sixteen were arrested, most of who did not see or hear the warrant read. Because of the arrest, the company is losing $100 daily.”


September 11, 1911 [LAT]: “Captain Archie Paschall returned today from a cruise to San Nicolas and the pearl and abalone concessions of the Linton Company. While strolling over the island, Captain Paschall made an interesting find in the shape of a perfect Indian skeleton which had been buried on the top of one of the hills. The bones were in a fair state of preservation being enclosed in a matting made of some strange grasses. Lying on the breast of the skeleton was an Indian bow made from a big piece of whalebone, and other trinkets near the bones indicate that they were those of some chief. The grave was covered with boards, evidently from the wreck of some vessel. Other graves of aborigines have been discovered, but they were mostly on San Miguel Island. The last native Indian from these islands was taken off in 1860 [1853] by a Catholic priest in Santa Barbara.”


September 23, 1911 [LAT]: “Long Beach. C. B. Linton left today for San Francisco to close a deal whereby he will become the owner of Charles Doe’s fast schooner yacht Challenger, which Linton will use in going to and from his pearl and abalone concessions on San Nicolas and Santa Barbara islands. The boat is fifty-three feet long with seventeen-foot beam and an unusually strong craft. She is of the center board type and was recently completely rebuilt.”


September 28, 1911 [LAT]: “C. B. Linton, who owns pearl and abalone concessions on San Nicolas and Santa Barbara islands, this morning purchased the of Judge A. C. Lawson the launch Flyer, which he will use in transporting his shells to the mainland. Captain George Childs, formerly of the schooner Santa Rosa Island, will be in command.”


December 9, 1911 [LAT/LB]: “Would limit abalone catch. C. B. Linton who controls the abalone and pearl concessions of San Miguel and San Clemente islands, is much interested in the application of the Catalina Tuna Club to have the Board of Supervisors limit the daily catch of abalones to fifty pounds each day for each fisherman. Mr. Linton believes the catch should be limited so far as red and green abalones are concerned, but will protest against its application to the black abalones, which he says, are in no danger of extinction since 20 percent of them live within the lines of the surf and are not within the reach of divers or ebb workers. He says that the green and red abalones are easy pickings for the Japanese divers, most of whom are no respecters of the Fish and Game laws, but denude the localities in which they work. The Linton concessions have shipped sixty tons of shells to eastern manufacturers this year. They also have a plant, or bed, of 3000 abalones, which are engaged just now in making abalone pearls. The plant is soon to be moved nearer the mainland. The process is new, pearls being developed in the course of one or two years around a composition nucleus that is planted inside the abalone shell. Some of these have been removed from abalones after being planted eight months, and show the scheme is a success. The pearls can be produced in any color of the Oriental pearl, and will be very valuable.”


December 11, 1911 [LAT]: “Abalone Pearl Farm. Information has been received by President Newbert of the State Fish and Game Commission, that an abalone pearl farm established on San Clemente Island by private enterprise has proved successful and that several of the islands of Southern California may be devoted to the production of the pearls, which are said to be unusually large and beautiful… The abalone farm was established on San Clemente Island over a year ago by C. B. Linton of Long Beach, who has abalone concessions on that island, also San Nicolas, Santa Barbara and San Miguel islands. For years the abalones were almost cleaned out by Japanese divers, who were not generally known to have secured pearls. They sold the meat and shells and pocketed the pearls without ostentation, and it is only of late years that it has been discovered that the brown men have carried off fortunes in pearls.”


March 7, 1912 [LAT/LB]: “Abalones seized. Yesterday evening when the launch Flyer, owned by C. B. Linton Investment Company, came in from San Nicolas Island and landed at the city docks, she was immediately boarded by Deputy Constable Toler, who took charge of the boat and its freight which consisted of several tons of abalone shells and meat valued at $8000. The confiscation was made on behalf of Assistant State Fish and Game Commissioner Pritchard, who asserts that the season has closed for abalones and the shipment here is in violation of the law. The shells and meat were stored in a warehouse on the docks and will be held pending action by the authorities. The shells were gathered on San Nicolas Island, where Linton Company owns concessions.”


April 1, 1912 [LAT]: “C. B. Linton, who owns pearl concessions on San Clemente and San Nicolas islands, is fitting out his launch, Flyer, for a cruise down the Mexican coast looking for new concessions. He will be accompanied by Ralph Johnson and a party of Los Angeles mining men and scientists who have interests in the vicinity of Geronimo. The party expects to be absent two months.”


April 5, 1912 [LAT]: “Sea elephants game sought. The power schooner Flyer, owned by C. B. Linton, arrived from Long Beach today on the first leg of a cruise, which has for its purpose the capture of the only herd of sea elephants known to be in existence. There are ten sea elephants in the band. They have a value of about $5000 each and rendezvous on an island believed to be about 300 miles south of San Diego. The expedition was organized, so it was announced, for the purpose of exploring the coast of Lower California, the west coast of Mexico and the islands along the coast as far as Cedros Island. Provisions and fuel for a four months’ trip are aboard the Flyer. In addition, it is carrying a full equipment of arms, traps and other material necessary for the capture or killing of such specimens of animal and bird life as may be encountered. These will be turned over to Exposition Park Museum of Los Angeles, but the one great prize which the party seeks to get is the $50,000 herd of sea elephants. The existence of the sea elephants was discovered by a party of government scientists early last year. At that time two of the sea elephants were killed and five were brought to San Diego, carefully crated and shipped to the New York Zoo. They proved good travelers and recent reports from New York say that every one of the five is alive and healthy. The government scientists would not give out any information as to the island where the remaining ten sea elephants of the herd were left, but it is said on good authority that Captain Linton and his party have since secured this information and as a result the present expedition was commanded. George H. Child is in command of the Flyer. The other members of the party are George H. Willett, an ornithologist; H. N. Lowe, marine scientist; William McCluskey of the State Museum of Los Angeles; Ralph Johnson, Edward Bellringer, Paul McCreary and C. B. Linton.”


July 18, 1912 [LAT]: “C. B. Linton of this city returned today from Washington, from a conference with government officials regarding the pearl industry of the Pacific and other matters in which Linton and others are interested and brings the information that the United States Bureau of Fisheries is preparing to establish a preserve on one of the near-by islands for the study and advancement of the pearl-growing industry which has made considerable progress under private experiments.”


July 26, 1912 [VNN]: “Will grow pearls at beach. The U. S. Bureau of Fisheries is soon to establish a preserve on an island near here, where pearl-giving oysters will be planted in beds, according to C. B. Linton, who has just returned from Washington, D.C.”


August 24, 1912 [LAT/SM]: “The gasoline launch Flyer of Long Beach, a sixty-foot vessel, came near foundering in the channel opposite this city this afternoon, after her air-pressure whistle tank had exploded, tearing a great hole in her side, deck and ribs. When she reached the municipal pier, the water from a big leak in her side had almost covered the engine, which just ran one minute after she reached the dock. The owner of the boat, C. B. Linton of Long Beach, who was with his wife, his wife’s sister Mrs. Dr. F. Earle Brown of Los Angeles, and Captain Bellringer of Long Beach, were on a trip to Santa Cruz Island, telephoned to Venice for help. Captain Al Hyder of the launch Nora, and Captain King of the launch McKinley, hastened to the spot…”


August 27, 1912 [LAT]: “Captain Al Hyder, owner and master of the launch Nora, which was instrumental in saving C. B. Linton’s launch Flyer from going to the bottom after an air tank explosion, says that the State boiler and hull inspectors have paid no attention to air tanks for whistles and other purposes aboard gasoline vessels, although these are the most dangerous of any machinery aboard. No rules regarding air tanks for whistles are contained in the regulations given masters, he says, and he thinks that the recent explosion on the Flyer will prove a good thing for public safety in that it will direct the attention of inspectors to the necessity for a more rigid inspection of vessels in this regard. Hyder took his vessel to San Pedro today, where she will go on the ways and be given a thorough overhauling, when he will test her whistle gauge and tanks.”


August 27, 1912 [LAT]: “Islands denuded. Clarence B. Linton of Long Beach, who was here today, and who has the abalone concession on San Nicolas and San Clemente islands, says that the accessible parts of the Channel Islands have been almost denuded of abalones, and that it will not be a very long while until the abalone shell and meat industry in Southern California will be a thing of the past. There are portions of San Nicolas and San Clemente islands where the mollusks are as thick as bees in a hive, but it is impossible to reach them from either sea or land owing to the threatening rock-bound coast. It is rumored, says Linton, that P. Sandoval is losing his hold on the abalone and fishing concession on the Lower California coast, and that several Californians are after the concession from the Madero government.”


October 31, 1912 [LAT]: “Abalone pearls. The largest collection of abalone pearls ever gathered on the Pacific Coast has been completed by C. B. Linton, who has returned from a trip up and down the coast, and secured practically the year’s output at every fishing point south of San Francisco. They are being shipped to Long Beach by freight and weigh 2400 pounds. The pearls are in abalone shells, but will be removed during the next thirty days. The exhibit will find a place in the San Diego Exposition and is worth several thousand dollars.”


February 28, 1913 [LAT]: “Pearl Culture. The C. B. Linton Company today received word from the government notifying it of the granting to the company a special lease on a portion of San Nicolas Island for the propagation of pearls in abalones. The company previously sublet its abalone beds from another party and was unable to punish vandals who destroyed their beds. The lease gives them exclusive rights to twelve and one-half miles of coastline, both below high tide line and for a specified distance shoreward. The Linton Company will establish a laboratory on the island and keep two men there to attend to their pearl culture experiments.”


April 25, 1913 [LAT]: “Venice. Their provisions gone with the exception of two tins of sardines, which they had not the stomach to eat, Bert T. Miles and Clause Grebel, in the twenty-two-foot gasoline launch Eliza, arrived this afternoon from San Nicolas Island, being three nights and two days on the trip. All day yesterday they floated in the channel fifteen miles off this beach, their engine dead because of a short circuit caused by bursting sprays. Cowering in the bottom of their frail shell, they were tossed about until this morning, when they managed to get the engine going again. They were surprised when they found out they opposite this coast when they thought they were headed for San Pedro. Miles and Grebel left Avalon for San Nicolas Island at midnight Sunday, where they were to be employed by Clarence Linton, the naturalist, of Long Beach. They could find no anchorage for their small craft, and the waves threatened to upset them. They decided to put back to Avalon, going around the north end of Santa Catalina Island. When they had doubled the point they decided to make for the mainland for supplies, as they only had sardines left. These they ate until they were sick of them. The two men left in the launch for San Pedro tonight.”


1913: “Mr. C. B. Linton of Long Beach has succeeded in growing similar culture pearls. He drills a hole through the shell center, pushes in a round ball, made from shell, and fills the outside end of the hole with beeswax and some cement.“ » Experiments in the Production of Blister Pearls and Free Pearls in Fish Bulletin No. 1 (10) Scripps Institution of Oceanography Library, 1913.