MAILLIARD, Joseph

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Joseph Mailliard

MAILLIARD, Joseph (1857-1945), New-Jersey-born ornithologist and nephew of Julia Ward Howe, author of the Battle Hymn of the Republic. Mailliard’s family moved to California in early 1868, arriving in San Francisco via Panama on the steamer Henry Chauncey. In 1873 they settled in Marin County. Mailliard’s early education was at the hands of a governess, and as a boy, he began collecting birds’ eggs on their Rancho San Geronimo. When he left for the University of California at Berkeley he passed his egg collection on to his brother, John Ward Mailliard, who “improved it.” The brothers remained close their entire lives, building adjoining homes in San Francisco in 1904 where they met daily over their growing collection.

April 5, 1898 through the first of May, Mailliard went to Santa Cruz Island, staying his first week at Scorpion Harbor, where he described the ranch buildings as “old adobes mostly — situated 200 yards from the little beach at a point where the rocky hills appeared to almost close together.” He noted it was some days before he saw the Santa Cruz Island jay. After a week at camp at Scorpion Harbor, on April 12, 1898 Mailliard moved to “Laplaya” [Prisoners’ Harbor].

“There being no wagon road, the trip was made on horseback, the baggage going by schooner. Owing to adverse winds the latter did not show up at Prisoners’ Harbor for three days — a rather unpleasant contingency… Very few birds of any kind were to be found on the tops of the ranges…” From his new camp, he noted: “an occasional bald eagle would swoop down near one, though seldom within shot. In fact the only shot I could have taken was in a place so rough and so far from headquarters that it would have been a difficult undertaking to carry the bird in and its life was spared.”

In March 1918 the Mailliard brothers, along with California Academy of Sciences colleagues John Van Denburgh, Joseph Richard Slevin and academy director, Barton Warren Evermann, visited San Clemente, San Nicolas, Santa Barbara and Santa Catalina islands on a collecting trip. That same year, after the California Academy of Sciences moved into a new fireproof building in Golden Gate Park, the brothers donated their collection to the Academy.

Joseph Mailliard was appointed Honorary Curator of the Department of Ornithology and Mammalogy at the Academy, and soon thereafter, Curator. He was 62 years old. He retired as active curator in 1927 at age 70, but remained active into his 80s. Mailliard died at age 88 on December 12, 1945. He was survived by his son, Ernest C. Mailliard. Joseph Grinnell, whom Mailliard had met in Alaska when Grinnell was 19 years old, named the Santa Cruz Island vireo, Vireo maillairdorum “for Messrs. Joseph and John W. Mailliard, whose conscientious work with the western birds deserves at least this slight token of our recognition.”


Directory of Members, Cooper Ornithological Club, May 1914:

  • Joseph Mailliard. 1815 Vallejo St., San Francisco, CA 1895.


Mailliard collected on:



Palmer, T. S. Nomenclature of California Birds in Condor 30(5):267-268 September-October 1928:

MAILLIARD, Joseph. “Born at Bordentown, New Jersey, December 30, 1857. Mailliard's father was at one time secretary of Joseph Bonaparte, former King of Spain, for whom he named his son. He himself is a cousin of Francis Marions Crawford and nephew of Mrs. Julia Ward Howe. Other biographical details may be found in the Condor for January, 1924. Mailliard is one of the most active and enthusiastic members of the Cooper Ornithological Club and an ex-President of the Northern Division. He has given close attention to working out the relationships and ranges of some of the peculiar forms of California birds, and he has described the Kern Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius p. aciculatus). His name has been associated with that of a song sparrow (Melospiza m. Mailliardi Grinnell)”, and with his brother John, with that of a Vireo (V. mailliardorum Grinnell), and that of a Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus mailliardorum Van Rossem).


» Mailliard, Joseph Spring Notes on the Birds of Santa Cruz Island, Cal. April, 1898 in Condor 1:3 (41-45) May-June 1899

https://sora.unm.edu/sites/default/files/journals/condor/v001n03/p0041-p0045.pdf

» Mailliard, Joseph Measurements of the Santa Cruz Island Jay in Condor 2(2):42 1900

» Grinnell, Joseph The Santa Cruz Island Vireo in Condor 5:6 (157) November-December 1903

» Mailliard, Joseph A Few Records Supplementary to Grinnell's Check List of California Birds in Condor 6:1 (14-16) Jan.-Feb. 1904

» Mailliard, Joseph Supposed New Records for Santa Cruz Island in Condor 17:5 (203-204) September-October 1915.

1915: “Through the courtesy of our distinguished fellow-member, Mr. Joseph Mailliard, and his friend, Mr. Arturo Caire, one of the present owners of Santa Cruz Island, I was permitted to spend nearly three weeks, viz. April 3rd to 22nd, with my son William, on this enchanted spot…”

» Mailliard, Joseph Autobiography of Joseph Mailliard in Condor 26:1 (10-29) January-February 1924

» Miller, Robert C. Joseph Mailliard, 1857-1945 in Auk 64(2):300-302 April-June 1947


[CAS portrait]



Island Collections~
FARALLON ISLANDS

| ISLAND || COLLECTOR || INSTITUTION|| DATE|| NUMBER || SPECIMEN |- | Farallon Islands ||J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard || CAS||June 20, 1894||CAS-43463|| Oceanodroma homochroa ||Birds |- |}


SAN CLEMENTE ISLAND

3/24,25,26,27,28/1918 CAS birds

ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN
San Clemente Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 24, 1918 CAS-19555 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 24, 1918 CAS-25698 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 24, 1918 CAS-46863 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 25, 1918 CAS-19556 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 25, 1918 CAS-19557 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 25, 1918 CAS-19558 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 25, 1918 CAS-25697 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 25, 1918 CAS-46867 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 25, 1918 CAS-46874 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 25, 1918 CAS-46887 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 25, 1918 CAS-46910 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 25, 1918 CAS-58404 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Clemente Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 25, 1918 CAS-53907 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
San Clemente Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 25, 1918 CAS-54266 Dendroica coronata auduboni Birds
San Clemente Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 27, 1918 CAS-54266 Dendroica coronata auduboni Birds


SAN NICOLAS ISLAND
ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN
San Nicolas Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard | J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard]] CAS March 28, 1918 CAS-19575 Arenaria melanocphala Birds
San Nicolas Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard | J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard]] CAS March 28, 1918 CAS-46871 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Nicolas Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard | J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard]] CAS March 28, 1918 CAS-46876 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds
San Nicolas Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard | J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard]] CAS March 28, 1918 CAS-46877 Eremophila alpestris insularis Birds


SANTA BARBARA ISLAND
ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN
Santa Barbara Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 29, 1918 CAS-19561 Melospiza melodia graminea Birds
Santa Barbara Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 29, 1918 CAS-19562 Melospiza melodia graminea Birds
Santa Barbara Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 29, 1918 CAS-25695 Erimophila alpestris insularis Birds
Santa Barbara Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 29, 1918 CAS-25696 Erimophila alpestris insularis Birds
Santa Barbara Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 29, 1918 CAS-25715 Melospiza melodia graminea Birds
Santa Barbara Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 29, 1918 CAS-25716 Melospiza melodia graminea Birds
Santa Barbara Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 29, 1918 CAS-25717 Melospiza melodia graminea Birds
Santa Barbara Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 29, 1918 CAS-46868 Erimophila alpestris insularis Birds
Santa Barbara Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 29, 1918 CAS-46869 Erimophila alpestris insularis Birds
Santa Barbara Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 29, 1918 CAS-46886 Erimophila alpestris insularis Birds
Santa Barbara Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 29, 1918 CAS-46888 Erimophila alpestris insularis Birds
Santa Barbara Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 29, 1918 CAS-51581 Melospiza melodia graminea Birds
Santa Barbara Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 29, 1918 CAS-51582 Melospiza melodia graminea Birds
Santa Barbara Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 29, 1918 CAS-51583 Melospiza melodia graminea Birds
Santa Barbara Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS March 29, 1918 CAS-51584 Melospiza melodia graminea Birds


SANTA CATALINA ISLAND

3/30/1918 CAS birds


SANTA CRUZ ISLAND

4/10/1898 ROM birds

1/5/1898 CAS birds

4/6,7,8,9,10,11,14,15,16,17,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,29,30/1898 CAS birds

4/23/1898 CUMV birds


ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 7, 1898 CAS-53909 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 7, 1898 CAS-53910 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 9, 1898 CAS-53927 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 9, 1898 CAS-53928 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 9, 1898 CAS-56294 Psaltriparus minimus minimus Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 9, 1898 CAS-56295 Psaltriparus minimus minimus Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 9, 1898 CAS-56344 Psaltriparus minimus minimus Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 14, 1898 CAS-53912 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 14, 1898 CAS-53908 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 14, 1898 CAS-53919 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 15, 1898 CAS-53890 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 15, 1898 CAS-53910 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 15, 1898 CAS-53911 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 15, 1898 CAS-53918 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 15, 1898 CAS-53926 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 16, 1898 CAS-44294 Callipepla californica californica Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 16, 1898 CAS-44319 Callipepla californica californica Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 16, 1898 CAS-53929 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 16, 1898 CAS-54275 Dendroica coronata auduboni Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 16, 1898 CAS-56293 Psaltriparus minimus minimus Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CMNH April 17, 1898 Carnegie MNH-63818 Aphelocoma coerulescens insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 17, 1898 CAS-54203 Dendroica coronata auduboni Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 19, 1898 CAS-53915 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS April 20, 1898 CAS-50012 Sturnella neglecta Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CAS April 20, 1898 CAS-50049 Sturnella neglecta Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 21, 1898 CAS-53914 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CMNH April 22, 1898 Carnegie MNH-63819 Aphelocoma coerulescens insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 22, 1898 CAS-56290 Psaltriparus minimus minimus Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 22, 1898 CAS-56343 Psaltriparus minimus minimus Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 23, 1898 CAS-53913 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 23, 1898 CAS-53916 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CMNH April 23, 1898 Carnegie MNH-63820 Aphelocoma coerulescens insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CMNH April 23, 1898 Carnegie MNH-63821 Aphelocoma coerulescens insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CUMV April 23, 1898 CUMV-10567 Aphelocoma coerulescens Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CUMV April 23, 1898 CUMV-10568 Aphelocoma coerulescens Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CUMV April 23, 1898 CUMV-10569 Aphelocoma coerulescens Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard & J. W. Mailliard CUMV April 23, 1898 CUMV-10570 Aphelocoma coerulescens Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CMNH April 24, 1898 Carnegie MNH-63822 Aphelocoma coerulescens insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CMNH April 24, 1898 Carnegie MNH-63823 Aphelocoma coerulescens insularis Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 25, 1898 CAS-53930 Vermivora celata sordida Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. Mailliard CAS April 25, 1898 CAS-53291 Psaltriparus minimus minimus Birds