NIDEVER, Frank Emigdio

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NIDEVER, Frank Emigdio (1869-1923), first of eight children born to José “George” Emigdio Nidever (1847-1935) and his wife, María Dolores Bermudez (1948-1918). October 23, 1888 he married his wife Fannie. The following year, their daughter, Elsie M. (1889-1979) was born on October 13, 1889. Frank E., like his like his father and famous grandfather before him, followed a life of the sea.

Frank Nidever (1869-1923) = Fannie (1871- )

  • Elsie M. Nidever (1889-1979) [SS#559-46-6788] = Elmer G. Kitchen (1888-1946)

The sea took Nidever’s life on January 29, 1923 during a heavy northwest wind when the vessel Eagle, a 35-foot fishing boat, was lost at sea off the east end of Santa Cruz Island. The Eagle reportedly had engine trouble on its way out to Santa Cruz Island while trying to avoid a storm. Captain Colice Vasquez speculated that Nidever was run down by a large ocean liner passing in the vicinity of the disabled Eagle during the storm. Nidever's body was never recovered. Some two weeks later, the February 14, 1923 captain’s log of the schooner Santa Cruz reported: “picked up wreckage of boat Eagle.” At a sheriff’s inquest held on February 26, 1923, Captain Libbey said pieces of both the Eagle and the O.K. were found near Castle Rock [Cavern Point] on Santa Cruz Island’s northeast end.

In the News~

October 23, 1888 [SBMP]: “A marriage license was issued yesterday to Frank Nidever and Fanny Nidever.”

February 4, 1901 [SBDI]: “Clarence Libby and Frank Nidever of this city came near finding a watery grave in the channel between here and Santa Cruz Island last Thursday. The two men had taken the sloop Petrel for a sailing and fishing trip about the channel. They left Thursday morning. When about half way across the channel a heavy sea was encountered. The storm tossed them about and the seams in the boat began opening up, and before they could lower some of their sail, the boat was nearly swamped. The men, by bailing the water out of the boat, finally succeeded in reaching Santa Cruz Island, where they met Captain Vasquez. At the island they hauled the boat on the beach and calked the seams. They returned to the mainland last night.”

March 20, 1901 [SBMP]: “The Petrel, Captain Frank Nidever, and the Big Loafer, Captain Marinicovich, came in from the islands yesterday with large cargoes of fish.”

August 15, 1901 [SBMP]: “The sloop Pearl has been hauled up high and dry on the beach, and Frank Nidever is giving her a thorough refitting. The Pearl is one of the oldest channel craft, a roomy boat, and will be used this coming season in the crawfish trade.”

November 13, 1901 [SBDN]: “The Peerless, Captain Nidever, came in yesterday from the island crawfish beds with a cargo of lobsters for San Francisco.”

November 26, 1901 [SBMP]: “A party of fourteen Santa Barbara men hitched up the gasoline yacht Petrel Saturday evening and drove across the channel for a little Sunday jaunt. Frank Nidever, who has been crossing the channel with the Peerless for crawfish, was captain.”

June 6, 1902 [SBMP]: “The launch Peerless, Captain Nidever, arriving from the islands yesterday brings reports of very rough weather.”

August 6, 1902 [SBMP]: “The Peerless, Captain Frank Nidever, will sail for Santa Cruz Island today with lumber and lath for the West Coast Fishing Company. The company is preparing for the crawfish season, and the material is to build traps.”

August 8, 1902 [LAT/SB]: “The Peerless, Captain Frank Nidever, sailed for Santa Cruz Island yesterday with lumber and lath for the West Coast Fishing Company. The company is preparing for the crawfish season, and the material is for the construction of crawfish traps.”

November 21, 1902 [LAT/SB]: “The friends of Captain Frank Nidever, one of the best-known skippers in local waters, are very much alarmed because of his continued absence from this city. Nidever left Santa Cruz Island several days ago for this port, hoping to make the trip, a distance of nearly thirty miles, in an otter boat with oars as the only propelling power. He started from the island about the same time that Captain Robert C. Ord and a number of daring friends, began the homeward voyage in a small skiff, and it was expected that he would reach Santa Barbara not later than the following day. Nidever, however, has failed to put in an appearance…”

November 26, 1902 [LAH]: “Santa Barbara, November 25.—Captain Frank Nidever of this port arrived this evening from Santa Rosa Island, having come across the channel alone in an otter boat. He went to Santa Cruz Island some weeks ago after seals, but failing to get any rowed to Santa Rosa [Island] after Indian curios. It was feared that he had been lost.”

April 21, 1903 [LAT/SB]: “Much concern is felt over the continued absence of Captain Henry Short, who left Santa Barbara for Santa Cruz Island about a week ago, with the expectation of returning the following day, but who has not yet put in an appearance. Immediately after his departure in his private launch Chispa, a heavy storm started in… A rescue party headed by Captain Frank Nidever is now making a search for the missing man and his launch…”

December 4, 1903 [SBMP]: “Captain Nidever's sloop Ariel was taken from her moorings sometime Tuesday night, and nothing has been seen of her since. Notices have been sent to all ports along the coast, and if she puts in anywhere the pirates will be arrested.”

December 5, 1903 [LAT/SB]: “Much interest is expressed here over the strange disappearance of the sloop Ariel from her moorings in the channel. The sloop is the property of Captain Nidever, and yesterday morning on going to the waterfront he was astonished to find the boat missing from her usual moorings. No trace could be found, and the police are making a thorough search in the hope of locating the thief.”

April 7, 1904 [SBMP]: “The Larcos sold the power schooner Isabelle yesterday to I. Bardellini of San Francisco, and Frank Nidever will leave this morning with her for the north where she will be used in the fishing business.”

August 13, 1904 [SBMP]: “The sloop Big Loafer now lies a wreck on the beach near Naples. The boat is the property of Frank Nidever, who was in charge of it when she went ashore last Thursday night... It is without doubt the last of the sturdy little boat. Mr. Nidever came in on the train yesterday morning.”

August 14, 1904 [LAT/SB]: “The sloop Big Loafer, Captain Nidever, is lying on the beach near Naples, fifteen miles north of this city. She was run ashore by her owner as a last resort, having sprung a heavy leak when in the channel, which the crew was unable to fight. The Big Loafer has been doing a good business carrying seaweed and other native products to and from the Channel Islands. A couple of days ago she arrived in this port from San Miguel, and started on the return trip almost immediately. When about twelve miles out the leak started. Captain Nidever than ran the boat into the kelp, but this did not help matters, and in order to save as much of the boat as possible, and also his personal belongings, the skipper ran her ashore, where the waves are doing their best to break her up.”

August 25, 1904 [SBMP]: “The Potter [Hotel] boat Frances returned yesterday from Santa Cruz Island with Frank Nidever and others who have been catching seals there during the last few days. They report that the large seals on that island are getting very wild, and that it is no so easy to capture them as it formerly was...”

September 27, 1904 [SBMP]: “Captain Frank Nidever came over from the south side of Santa Cruz Island yesterday in his power schooner Peerless with thirteen sacks of crawfish.”

July 4, 1905 [SBMP]: “Captain Vasquez will sail this morning with a load of supplies for Captain Waters, San Miguel Island. From there he will go to San Nicolas Island in order to bring Frank Nidever and Clarence Libbey, abalone fishermen, who have been on the island for three months. Their catch of abalone meat, shells and pearls will also be brought in on the boat.”

October 1905: “At the end of October Ira went to bring Clarence Libbey and Frank Nidever back from San Nicolas Island. They had seventeen hundred pounds of crawfish, three tons of abalone and four tons of shells. They also had found some good pearls in the abalones which they could sell for two or three hundred dollars…” [Eaton Diary of a Sea Captain’s Wife p. 26]

November 1, 1905 [SBMP]: “The launch Irene arrived yesterday morning from San Nicolas Island with a cargo of several tons of abalone shells and meat, which were procured by Clarence Libbey and Frank Nidever during the last few weeks. They will now engage in the craw-fishing business for the San Pedro Canneries.”

November 3, 1905 [SBMP]: “The Irene came in yesterday afternoon from San Nicolas Island with a ton and a half of abalone shells, which were gathered on that island by Frank Nidever. Walter Stafford is in charge of the boat. Abalone shells are in demand at the present time, and they command a good price in wholesale markets. They are used in the manufacturing of jewelry and fancy articles.”

April 5, 1906 [SBI]: “ The power launch Irene was brought back to port last night after having been given a general overhauling at San Pedro and being treated to a new coat of paint. She was in charge of Ira Eaton, who was accompanied by Frank Nidever and Gus Zukeweiler. The Irene is now in fine trim and will be a prominent factor in the channel pleasure business from this date on.”

April 25, 1906 [SBMP]: “Diving for Abalones. Japanese fishermen are threatening industry... Recently Japanese fishermen in the employ of several of the large companies have been taking the large abalones from water up to ten fathoms deep by sending down expert divers with complete diving apparatus... C. J. Libbey and Nidever, two of the best known abalone men on the coast, returned recently from a trip to San Miguel Island with an alarming story of conditions existing there... Libbey and Nidever said that G. F. McGuire, owner of the powerboat Peerless, has a crew of ten Japs working for him at San Miguel, and that the San Pedro Cannery Company had the schooner Bolinas with a full crew of divers at work.”

August 12, 1906 [LAT]: “The Irene, Captain Frank Nidever, reached port yesterday with five seals, four of them being intended for shipment to the East, by H. A. Rogers, and the other being purchased by the Potter for the hotel zoo.”

September 21, 1906 [SBI]: “The launch Irene, Frank Nidever, captain, which has been in the harbor for the past two days, will leave this afternoon for Forney’s Cove, Santa Cruz Island. Captain Nidever on Tuesday brought eighteen sacks of crawfish from the fishers at the cove. He reports that the fishing is as good as in previous years, but that the market is not strong. The prices which the first shipment brought were a disappointment to Santa Barbara fishermen. Captain Nidever says the only way he can account for the low prices which are being received in the north is that the destruction of San Francisco has brought new conditions and lessened the demand. ‘There is a new class there, a kind that don’t eat lobsters or crawfish,’ he says. ‘The market in Los Angeles is no better.’ The Leone, a gasoline launch, and a crawfisher, with Captain Swanson in command, arrived in Santa Barbara this morning from San Pedro and will leave tonight or tomorrow for the island. Captain Nidever and his partner, Ira K. Eaton, are handling the catch of four crews. The Irene will return to Santa Barbara Sunday night in time for the northbound boat.”

May 9, 1906 [SBMP]: “Ira Eaton has shipped 15 live seals from this city to New York. With Frank Nidever, he caught them off Santa Cruz Island and brought them to this city in his launch Irene...”

May 9, 1906 [SBI]: “Ira Eaton and Frank Nidever have again departed for the Channel Islands in search of seals and expect to be gone for several days. They left in the launch Irene. A shipment of fifteen seals has just been made to zoological gardens in New York City and there is a demand for more from the same source.”

May 13, 1906 [SBMP]: “Captain Ira Eaton of the sloop Irene is catching sea lions off Santa Cruz Island with Frank Nidever and a force of men. He has an order for sixteen live sea lions which he hopes to fill this week. Boatmen returning from the island report that he had not caught any two days ago. He expects to return to this city on Tuesday.”

May 24, 1906 [SBMP]: “The launch Irene, Captain Nidever, returned yesterday from Forney's Cove where a Japanese diving camp was established.”

May 25, 1906 [SBMP]: “Frank Nidever, captain of the launch Irene, has recently returned from a trip to Santa Barbara Island. Nidever reports that there two Japanese abalone camps on the island, and that according to statements of the fishermen themselves, the grounds will be about cleaned out within a month. When there are no more shellfish to be taken, one outfit will move to San Miguel and the other will locate on either Santa Cruz or Anacapa. Nidever has been active in bringing the practical extermination of abalones by the Japs to the attention of the authorities, and hopes that some legislative action will be taken to protect the fish. The Japs use up-to-date diving outfits and get the large abalones in several fathoms of water. These large black abalones are the breeders, and it will take years to undo the harm that the divers have already done, even if measures are taken to prevent further depredations.”

June 8, 1906 [SBMP]: “Ira Eaton returned yesterday from a long pleasure cruise up the coast in his launch Irene. He was accompanied by Frank Nidever and Clarence Libbey. They started for Del Monte, but turned back after hugging the coast for a distance of 160 miles. They were eight days on the water and report having had a very pleasant trip.”

July 17, 1906 [SBMP]: “Five tons of abalone shell were unloaded at the wharf yesterday from the launch Irene. They were gathered by Ira Eaton and Frank Nidever at the islands. The abalone shells bring a good price in the open market.”

January 4, 1907 [SBMP]: “Crawfish are plentiful. The Irene, in charge of Frank Nidever and Ira Eaton, has arrived from the Channel Islands with a big load of crawfish. The men report that since the heavy storms and the water has settled, the crawfish have come out of the deep water and the caves and are easily attracted to the trappers.”

January 6, 1907 [SBMP]: “The Peerless sailed yesterday for Santa Cruz and Anacapa islands, carrying a number of crawfish traps that have been manufactured since her arrival here a couple of days ago. These will be distributed along several island camps from which Captain Frank Nidever and Ira Eaton have been making so many large catches of crawfish during the past couple of weeks.”

January 17, 1907 [SBWP]: “Boat owners will rebuild. New fleet will be in water soon. Valuable engines saved from wrecks. Since the heavy southeaster that cast so many of the smaller craft onto the beach, the waterfront has been the scene of much activity… The Peerless, the Vishnu and the Irene are about the only boats left that are fit for service. The Irene, belonging to Nidever and Eaton, was at the islands during the storm and this probably saved her from the fate that befell the other small craft.”

February 19, 1907 [SBMP]: “The steam schooner Irene reached Santa Barbara yesterday morning from Prisoners’ Harbor with a load of crawfish. Captain Nidever reports the crustaceans very plentiful.”

March 28, 1907 [SBMP]: “The launch Irene, Captain Frank Nidever, arrived from Santa Cruz Island yesterday with 45 sacks of crawfish and having in tow the launch Ina C, picked up disabled in the channel. The engine of the latter craft had broken down after having fruitlessly attempted to make land under sail, was aimlessly drifting when she was sighted by the Irene and taken in tow.”

April 20, 1907 [SBMP]: “The power sloop Irene reached Santa Barbara yesterday shortly after noon with a quantity of seals and Captain Nidever on board. The vessel had been cruising around Gull Island. This is an island a short distance east of Santa Cruz which is a regular rookery for gulls above and seals below. Captain Nidever reported very heavy ground swells off the island, but no wind.”

April 20, 1907 [SBI]: “The Vishnu arrived from the islands last night with Captain Nidever, with two seals which were ordered by eastern parties for the zoo.”

April 26, 1907 [SBI]: “The launch Irene, Captain Nidever, arrived from the islands this morning with twenty sacks of abalone shells.”

May 1, 1907 [SBMP]: “The launch Irene, Captain Nidever, goes to Monterey Bay to engage in salmon fishing until the next crawfish season begins September 15...”

May 2, 1907 [SBI]: “Captain Nidever left this morning in the launch Irene for the islands on a seal expedition. He will visit Forney Cove.”

August 24, 1907 [SBMP]: “A merry party is planning to leave for the island this evening. They will go over in the launch Charm, leaving here at 9 o’clock. Tomorrow will be spent visiting different harbors and the Painted Cave. The Levy Brown camping party, which has been encamped at Fry’s Harbor for the last two weeks, will return. Others in the party besides Levy Brown are Captain Nidever, Fred More, and several friends...”

1908: “..."The Captain of the schooner Santa Cruz, his brother, the crew, and the watchman from Prisoners' Harbor have come to serenade you, this being your first night on Santa Cruz Island." [at Willows]. The moon was shining very brightly and I could see four figures coming up the creek. As they rounded the big rock, they pulled out musical instruments and began to play La Paloma. The baby had awakened and began to cry, but then she listened to the music and quieted down... The Captain introduced his brother Jake [Nidever], the crewman Geronimo, and the watchman. They were dressed like the usual fishermen, in blue jeans, heavy shirts, caps and heavy boots, and each had a red bandana handkerchief. Sitting down on the apple boxes they played another tune. The baby was spellbound. When they finished the Captain asked how I had enjoyed the trip across the channel and how long I planned to stay. I told him about Ira's idea to take me to another harbor to camp for the winter, for Ira expected to fish there with a man named Frank Nidever. The Captain nodded and said, "Frank Nidever is my son, and Jake here is my brother." This was Captain Nidever, the son of George Nidever who was a famous sea otter hunter. Ira had spoken so much of him that I felt I knew him already...” [Eaton, Margaret Diary of a Sea Captain's Wife: Tales of Santa Cruz Island, (1980) p. 47]

June 2, 1908 [SBMP]: “Three weeks ago the power schooner sailed from here with J.J. Libbey, Charles Hansen, and Frank Nidever, on an abalone fishing trip. The trio landed on San Nicolas Island, together with their provisions and clothing...”

July 22, 1908 [SBMP]: “…Captain Von Salzen sent Frank Nidever in their sloop Ynez with a telegram to the owners asking for pumping tugs [for the stranded Anubis at San Miguel Island]…”

July 22, 1908 [SBI]: “…Captain Nidever said today that he did not believe the Anubis can be saved, although Captain Von Salzen is hopeful… Captain Nidever and his seal hunters, including J. W. Shively, Roy Arnold, Clarence Libbey, and Charles Hansen, were camped at Otter Harbor, that in clear weather is within plain sight of the wreck…”

July 25, 1908 [SBMP]: “Wreckers aid steamer Anubis. Vessel and crew from San Francisco anchor near stranded one. Saving floating flour. Local schooner arrived with 292 sacks, partly damaged by ocean bath. Captain Nidever stores 500 sacks on island… It was learned last night that Captain Frank Nidever, camped at Otter Harbor, San Miguel Island, has about 500 sacks of flour stacked up on the sands awaiting shipment here.”

January 9, 1909 [SBMP]: “According to Captain Gilbert of the power schooner Baltic which arrived here from Santa Cruz Island, there has been considerable trouble among the crawfishermen of the islands for some days, and shooting scrapes have been reported. He brought over two wounded men, one with a bullet that entered his cheek and passed out the back of his neck, and the other, Julius Valdez, slipped on a rock, it was stated, and so hurt himself. The man with the bullet wound was attended by a local physician. ‘Valdez slipped and fell on a rock,’ said Captain Gilbert last night, ‘and when we arrived at his camp where he was in company with Frank Nidever and Ira Eaton, we had to take him aboard and bring him here for medical treatment..’.”

May 12, 1910 [SBMP]: “Captain Frank Nidever’s sloop, Sea King, came into port yesterday from Santa Cruz Island with a cargo of silver smelt, about one-half tons all sold.”

December 27, 1910 [SBMP]: “The Santa Cruz Island Company’s powerboat is expected back shortly, in command of Captain George Nidever. The island mail and express service is being handled by Captain Frank Nidever and his sloop.”

January 20, 1911 [SBMP]: “According to reports brought yesterday from the Channel Islands, they failed to receive any benefits from the recent rains that saved the season for the mainland farmers and cattlemen. The rainfall on Santa Rosa Island was less than half an inch; while about a quarter of an inch was reported on Santa Cruz, with scarcely none on the west end. These reports were brought over by Captains Nidever and Libby of island boats. While there has been nothing heard from San Miguel Island, which is the most westerly of the group, it is supposed that the same condition prevails there… The situation will be serious if there is no rain soon on these islands… On San Miguel there are several thousand sheep, and an even greater number on Santa Cruz…”

March 4, 1912 [Frank Nidever to Santa Cruz Island Company]: “I would like to get a permit to camp at Prisoners’ Harbor in that little house for about 6 or 8 weeks. I will pay you two dollars a month for every man that I keep with me which will be two besides me. Three in all. Hoping to hear from you soon. I remain yours respectfully, Frank Nidever”

August 9, 1912 [SBMP]: “Having completely circumnavigated Santa Cruz Island, a party consisting of B. P. Lewis and son, Justice of the Peace Shoup and Frank Nidever are back in Santa Barbara with fish stories enough to last for a whole year. They had a few exciting adventures on the voyage, which lasted ten days, but say they had a vast amount of fun. The cruise was made in the launch Marguerite.”

May 4, 1913 [George E. Nidever to A. J. Caire, Santa Cruz Island Company]: “Dear Sir, …I have been sick for a little while so I send Frank, my son, in my place last week. Yesterday I send him again as I was not very well yet…”

August 27, 1914 [SBMP]: “At an early hour this morning, Judge J. G. Shoup, B. F. Ruiz, Charles Hanson, Captain George Nidever and Frank Nidever left for Santa Cruz Island on a camping expedition in Captain Nidever’s powerboat, Marguerite. The party will make its headquarters at Willow Harbor, on the south side of the island, and will make frequent excursion to other attractive points making a stop of about ten days.”

August 27, 1914 [SBDNI]: “Justice J. G. Shoup, Charles Hanson, B. F. Ruiz, Frank Nidever and Captain George Nidever left this morning in the launch Marguerite for a two weeks’ outing on Santa Cruz Island. They go to Willow Harbor, one of the most attractive spots on the island, and far from the usual crowd of visitors who settle in the established camps.”

September 8, 1914 [SBMP]: “Judge J. G. Shoup, B. F. Ruiz, Captain Frank Nidever and Captain George Nidever returned last night from a ten days camping trip at Willow Harbor, on the south shore of Santa Cruz Island. They had expected to do a good deal of running about between the different harbors, but the water was so rough on that side of the island that the sailing was not comfortable, so the party spent all its time at the harbor named. The campers had a fine time, none the less, and caught all the fish they could use and brought home a large number of albacore.”

October 11, 1914 [SBMP]: “Yesterday Captain Frank Nidever came to the mainland from Santa Rosa Island in the launch Tortuga, bringing Joe Bermudez, one of the island workmen who had fallen from the roof of a barn and dislocated an ankle in striking the ground. Superintendent Miller accompanied the victim of the accident, who was taken to his home at 625 East Haley Street, where a surgeon was called to attend to his injury.”

November 14, 1915 [SBMP]: “Frank Nidever, who came over from Santa Rosa Island yesterday in his power sloop, the Marguerite, reported wild geese very plentiful at the east end of the island, and a number of hunters will go across the channel in the near future in quest of the prized game.”

August 5, 1915 [SBMP]: “Yesterday Frank Nidever returned from Santa Rosa Island in his power sloop Marguerite with a load of Irish moss for export to Japan where natives consider it one of the finest seafood delicacies.”

January 9, 1916 [SBMP]: “Frank Nidever, who came over from Santa Rosa Island last Friday in his powerboat, the Marguerite, says that the island ranges show more luxurious grass growth than for years past...”

March 14, 1917 [SBMP]: “Many are waiting for island voyage. In meantime, Captain Ira Eaton is ‘on the ways’ in home port with grip. Captain Ira K. Eaton, long known to the island transportation circles and the sealing industry, has been ‘on the ways’ in his home port for the past ten days, with a severe attack of the grip, which, however, is about conquered. About the time he was obliged to take to his bed, the captain received an order for twenty seal lions for Captain George M. McGuire. He put Captain Frank Nidever aboard Sea Wolf and sent him over to the islands to hunt for the game. The substitute, is himself, a master hand at this sort of hunting, but as nothing has been heard from him in the matter, it is supposed that the rough water that has lately persisted along the island shore has made it impossible for him to get into the caves to look for his quarry. It is thought probable, however, that the water conditions will soon improve, and that it will not be long before Captain Nidever will report at the home port with at least a good installment of his order...”

March 15, 1917 [SBMP]: “...Captain Frank Nidever, who returned from the islands yesterday, says he saw [Captain Charles] Hansen at Pelican Bay during the morning, and that Hansen then said he would wait until the weather was more favorable...”

August 17, 1917 [SCICo]: “The schooner left for Santa Barbara on August 17th at 8:30 A.M. with 17 steers... Nidever has already left and Vasquez and Garcia are packing up.”

September 4, 1917 [SCICo]: “On September 3rd we gave notice on Ramon Romo et al at Hazard; Rosaline Vasquez et al at Fry’s Harbor; and Frank Nidever at Orizaba. What is the next move? We will serve Willows, Coches Prietos and Blue Banks on September 4th and Middle Banks, Yellowbanks and San Pedro Point on the 5th.”

September 15, 1917 [SCICo]: “We have made arrangements with Nidever at Orizaba to pay a rental of $3.50 per month during the crawfish season.”

October 26, 1917 [SBDN]: “Jack Carrillo put to sea this morning in another fishing smack, Marguerite, to pick up the crawfish traps which he had to abandon off Anacapa Island, when his first fishing smack foundered in a storm a week ago, drowning his companion, Bryan Schafer. Captain Nidever, a neighbor, having an extra boat, and having faith in the seamanship of young Carrillo, and the youth is again off to sea. He will spend some time cruising to recover the body of his friend, if possible. He has already devoted days to his search with other fishermen. Little hope is entertained for the recovery of the body, as there is a heavy current at the point where the accident occurred, which heads out to sea, and it may be that even the boat that sunk has been carried out to mid ocean. In a search for the body just concluded, young Carrillo found his skiff, which was bottom up, but in the bottom of it held fast between the boards, was found a costly hunting knife. Accompanying Carrillo on this trip is Danny Pico, a youth very familiar with the sea. The sinking of the Marguerite was the third disaster young Carrillo has had since last April. In the bay at San Francisco he had one boat wrecked and a third was burned.”

March 12, 1919 [SCICo]: “The only other men in Santa Barbara that it would be possible to obtain are Frank Nidever, Rosalino Vasquez and Jack Carrillo...”

May 25, 1920 [SCICo]: “Frank Nidever brought over the potatoes, twine, wool sacks, boxes, etc.”

June 14, 1920 [SCICo]: “[John] Troup tells me that Nidever asked him $40 to take him back to Santa Barbara the other day. He says it is up to the island people to transport him, so he told Nidever to go to hell. If he asks me for it, I'll tell him to go farther still.”

June 30, 1920 [SBMP]: “Fishing boat is partially wrecked. The anchor chain of the 35-foot fishing boat belonging to Frank Nidever snapped while the boat was anchored off Santa Cruz Island last Wednesday, allowing the boat, which for the time being was deserted, to drift up against the rocks of the shore where it was partially wrecked. The owner was on the island at the time of the accident, and when he found his craft on the rocks, did what he could to tow it to safety up on the beach. He managed to get the engine out of the hull, and, it is said, plans to float the boat by means of barrels. He got back to the mainland by means of a boat bound for San Pedro, and returned Saturday night to the island to attempt to salvage the boat. He declared before leaving if he could float the boat he would have it towed to San Pedro for repairs. The craft is said to be worth in the neighborhood of $5000.”

Thursday, September 21, 1922 [SBMP]: “Fishermen will aid big cruise. Five boats coming from Port San Luis for trip to Santa Cruz [Island] and barbecue September 30. Five boats of Larco Brothers fishing fleet, now operating off port San Luis, will steam to Santa Barbara on Saturday, September 30, to aid in conveying the 250 men invited to participate in the cruise October 1 to Santa Cruz Island and the barbecue at Pelican Bay, in the interests of a protected harbor for Santa Barbara. The boats, as announced yesterday by the special committee of the yacht club in charge of arrangements for the outing are: the Seal, Captain Jules Valdez; Ladinanne., Captain Muchattee; Larco Brothers, Captain Sebastian Castagnola; Eagle, Captain Frank Nidever; and North America, Captain J. Nocti...”

February 14, 1923 [SBMP]: “Larco loses all hope for Nidever. Beloved captain of fishing boat was lost during storm in channel. ‘We have almost given up hope of finding Captain Nidever,’ said U[lpiano] Larco, employer of Captain Frank Nidever, last night. Since the fishing boat Supreme returned to San Pedro after having been given up for lost, hope persisted that Captain Nidever was still alive, probably drifting in the Pacific Ocean. Visko Karmelich, captain of the Supreme, reported that the seas and wind were so heavy in the channel on the day Captain Nidever sailed, it was a wonder his ship was not swamped, and he believes that a ship but with one man on it (his had eight) could hardly survive the storm... Members of Larco’s fleet, which sailed a few hours after Captain Nidever, said the Eagle was headed for China Bay on Santa Cruz Island, the first cove below Prisoners Harbor. It may be a week or more before any wreckage is washed ashore.”

February 15, 1923 [SBMP]: “Planking from Eagle is taken as evidence of seaman’s death. Fishermen friends of Captain Frank E. Nidever have found what they have persistently looked for ever since the veteran fisherman and mariner disappeared during a storm on February 1, and dreaded to find — wreckage from Captain Nidever’s fishing boat, Eagle. The wreckage consisted of a section of the deck of the Eagle and bits of the pilot house. It was found by fishermen on the south side of Anacapa Island. The find was made four days ago, but word reached here only yesterday. It was brought up by I. Steen and Charles Hanson, San Pedro fishermen, to the Larco Brothers, employers of Captain Nidever.”

February 18, 1923 [SBMP]: “Fear felt for fishing vessel. Another Larco boat with two Santa Barbara men missing for week. Failure of the fishing boat, O.K., commanded by Captain Jerry Shively, to return to port after an absence of a week is causing some apprehension along the waterfront, it became known yesterday. At the offices of Larco Brothers, owners of the O.K., it was said yesterday that ‘Big Jerry,’ as Captain Shively is known among fishermen, put out from here a week ago yesterday with the rest of the Larco fleet to search for the ill-fated Eagle in which Captain Frank E. Nidever is believed to have gone to his death...”

February 20, 1923 [SBMP]: “Launch hunting Captain Nidever not located. O.K. not heard from since beginning search one week ago, Larco says. Fishing launches working about the Channel Islands have failed to sight the missing launch, O.K., of the Larco fleet in which Big Jerry Shively and Isaac Newton set out a week ago Saturday to aid in the search for the ill-fated Eagle in which Captain Frank E. Nidever is believed to have gone to his death, it was stated yesterday by U. E. Larco. Mr. Larco said he knew nothing of the report that the O.K. was in San Pedro for a new coat of paint. The fishermen have been asked to keep a lookout for the O.K. and inquiries have been made at various ports along the coast. No organized search for the launch has begun.”

February 21, 1923 [Bakersfield Morning Echo]: “Santa Barbara men find Nidever body. Santa Barbara, Feb. 20—The body of a man believed to be Captain Frank Nidever, who disappeared from this port with the lobster boat Eagle on January 29, was washed ashore on Scorpion Bay, [Santa Cruz Island] today. It was recovered and brought here by crews of vessels which have conducted search for the missing boat for the past two weeks.” [This was Isaac Newton's body]

February 22, 1923 [LAT]: “Santa Barbara. Search of the Channel Islands shores for the bodies of Captain Frank Nidever of the missing fishing smack Eagle and Captain Jerry Shively of the missing craft O.K., has been resumed because of the finding of a body in Scorpion Bay on Santa Cruz Island of the body of Isaac Newton, caretaker of the Captain Ira Eaton camp at Pelican Bay…”

February 22, 1923 [San Pedro News Pilot]: “Body found on beach may be missing captain. Santa Barbara, Feb. 22.—Although as yet not definitely identified, the body found by seamen on the shores of Scorpion Bay, Anacapa [Santa Cruz] Island, was today thought to be that of Capt. Frank Nidever, who has never been seen since he sailed the lobster boat Eagle out of this port on January 29.”

February 22, 1923 [Los Angeles Evening Express]: “Santa Barbara, Feb. 21—Investigation of an alleged war between Santa Barbara channel fishermen, involving racial hatred, "professional jealousy," rum-running and other factors, will be conducted here by officers following the finding of the mutilated body of Isaac Newton on Santa Cruz Island. The body was first thought to be that of Capt. Frank Nidever, missing since January 29, but was identified as that of Newton by relatives. Newton's body showed every indication of foul play, officials stated, despite a coroner's jury verdict that death was due to "accidental drowning."”

February 25, 1923 [SBMP]: “The mystery of the disappearance of Captain Frank Nidever, in the boat Eagle, and of Big Jerry Shively in his O.K., remains unsolved, while one of the Larco brothers returned yesterday with a heavy catch — but no tidings of the missing ones, and with no discoveries of the wreckage of either of the boats. The return of the fleet, however, caused an indefinite postponement of a voyage by representatives of the district attorney’s office with the Larco brothers to seek further information in the strange disappearance of the two men, and in the death of Isaac Newton, picked up dead floating in the water off Santa Cruz Island. When the officers will take the trip is not now announced, but that a search for the bodies of the missing men will be continued is certain.”

February 28, 1923 [SBMP]: “...Big Jerry, as he was known among the fishermen of the Santa Barbara Channel, was drowned off Castle Rock, Santa Cruz Island while searching for his old fisherman friend, Captain Frank E. Nidever, who was lost at sea in a storm.”

March 2, 1923 [SBMP]: “Frank Nidever’s boat crushed by liner is believed. Captain Valdez, companion, says Eagle was having motor troubles. Huge vessel nearby. Theory of being run down is gaining favor with late investigations. Captain Frank Nidever was run down and his boat cut in two by a liner. This belief is growing. Captain Nidever sailed from Santa Barbara in the boat Eagle February 1, running ahead of a storm for the island anchorage and has never been heard of since. The belief was strengthened today by the declaration of Captain Valdez of the schooner Santa Cruz. Captain Valdez, who lives on Santa Cruz Island, says he sailed out of Santa Barbara with Nidever and was close to him all the way across until within ten miles of Santa Cruz, when the motor of the Santa Cruz went dead as it was getting dusk. Nidever, according to Captain Valdez, had also been having some motor trouble. The Santa Cruz drifted before the wind for some time, and Captain Valdez lost sight of the Eagle. About that time, a liner passed within 300 yards of the Santa Cruz without seeing Captain Valdez’ boat. ‘I believe,’ said Captain Valdez yesterday, ‘that Frank Nidever’s boat was run down by that liner in the storm, and he was sent to the bottom.’ Traces of the wreckage of the Eagle strewn along the island beaches and scattered for miles lends strength to the theory that the Eagle was run down and crushed like an eggshell by the big liner, far enough out from the island coastline to make the wreckage spread over a long stretch of shore, as it would if so wrecked. Further support of this theory of the prominent mariner’s mysterious disappearance is added by the fact that Larco Brothers, Captain Clarence Libbey, and other salt water men, declare that if Captain Nidever drowned in deep water his body would never be recovered because after a body sinks to a certain depth it is held suspended by water pressure until it is completely disintegrated.”