PINCHOT, Gifford

From Islapedia
Gifford Pinchot (1865-1946)
C.F. Holder (l), Gifford Pinchot (holding eagle),
George Pardee (r),San Clemente Island, 1909

PINCHOT, Gifford (1865-1946), Connecticut-born Yale graduate (1889) he became head of the Division of Forestry in 1898 and under President Theodore Roosevelt was named Chief Forester of the redefined U.S. Forest Service. During his government service, the number of national forests increased from 32 in 1898 to 149 in 1910. Pinchot was Republican governor of Pennsylvania (1923-1927). He married Cornelia Bryce in 1914 when he was forty-nine years old. Pinchot was a friend of Charles F. Holder and a member of the Tuna Club on Santa Catalina Island. He died of leukemia at age 81 in New York City.


» Holder, Charles F. Gifford Pinchot and the Swordfish in The Outlook, March 19, 1910 (p. 618-623)



In the News~

1907 “In 1907, late in the fall, when the winds were low on the California coast, Gifford Pinchot and I were enjoying the hospitalities of Mr. Charles Howland, of Howland’s, on San Clemente Island. It was a part of the courtesy of the old Spaniards to say to guests, ‘All that I have is yours.’ Mr. Howland not only said this, but he meant it, and we owned the island… Mr. Charles Howland has a long lease upon San Clemente, and uses it as a sheep ranch. He is developing the water, damming up the canyons at great expense, planting it with spineless cactus and various trees, and improving the charge generally. Visitors must obtain permission from Mr. Howland before landing…” [Charles F. Holder. Channel Islands of California (1910) p. 133; 146.]


September 19, 1907 [LAT]: “Park at sea. Charles Frederick Holder writes to friends in this city that he expects to induce Gifford Pinchot, chief forester of the Agricultural Department, to undertake the reforestation of San Clemente Island and the creation of a great public park on one of the most beautiful Channel Islands on the coast…”


September 19, 1907 [LAH]: “Pasadena, September 18. To plant a forest on San Clemente and establish a free public fishing ground off the only island on the Southern California coast still belonging to the government is the project of Dr. Charles Frederic Holder, the well-known author, whose home is in this city. Dr. Holder recently submitted a plan to Gifford Pinchot, chief United States forester, and the two intend to spend three weeks on San Clemente Island in an effort to determine whether the project is feasible.”


October 15, 1907 [LAH]: “Professor Charles Frederick Holder has returned from an eastern trip and has left for a flying trip to San Clemente Island with Gifford Pinchot, the government forestry expert. The trip was taken with the idea of learning the possibility of reforesting the island for the benefit of fishermen and sheep herders.”


October 28, 1907 [LAT]: “Professor Pinchot visits island. The recent trip of Gifford Pinchot, superintendent of the Forestry Division of the Agricultural Department, to San Clemente Island, and the significant statements attributed to him as to the intention of the government to create a forest reserve of the islands of Catalina, Clemente and San Nicolas, has created some discussion here as to the attitude of the Bannings with regard to the proposition. It is the opinion of some that they will oppose it to the bitter end… Professor Pinchot, together with Professor Charles F. Holder, returned from a week’s outing at Clemente Island yesterday afternoon, and departed at once for Los Angeles on the Hermes…”


June 30, 1908 [SBI]: “Best deep sea fishing in the world found in Santa Barbara Channel… The visit of Gifford Pinchot and his party would give impetus to a movement for organizing a deep sea fishing club, that is now well underway in Santa Barbara…”


July 5, 1908 [LAH]: “Gifford Pinchot, head of the United States forestry bureau, arrived in Los Angeles Friday night sand left early yesterday morning in company with George W. Woodruff, assistant attorney general of the interior department. He registered at the Van Nuys, while Mr. Woodruff stopped at the Angelus. In company with Senator Flint, Prof. Charles F. Holder and Secretary Garfield of the department of commerce and labor, who is now on his way from Honolulu and expects to arrive in Los Angeles Monday, Mr. Pinchot will take a two weeks’ vacation fishing in the neighborhood of San Clemente Island.”


July 19, 1908 [LAH]: “Assistant Attorney General George W. Woodruff, who has been enjoying a two weeks’ outing at San Clemente Island with Gifford Pinchot of the forestry service, Senator Frank Flint, Dr. H. L. Houghton of Boston and Prof. Charles F. Holder, left last night for Denver, where he will look after some land suits in the interest of the government…”


August 10, 1908 [LAH]: “Pasadena, August 9. At the next session of the state legislature the Tuna Club, with all the other fishing clubs in this section of the state, will appear and make a strong plea for protection of the fishing beds off the coast during the spawning season. This is the statement of Charles F. Holder, famous all over the world as an angler and sportsman. The fishing party at San Clemente Island several weeks ago, of which Prof. Holder, Senator Frank P. Flint, James A. Garfield, secretary of agriculture, Gifford Pinchot, chief forester, and others were members, talked the matter over extensively, and all agreed that steps should be taken at once to prevent the extinction of the fishing beds off the coast of Southern California…”


September 24, 1908 [SFC]: “Los Angeles, September 23. With the cooperation of Giffort Pinchot, chief of the United States bureau of forestry, and of County Game Warden Morgan of Los Angeles the sportsmen’s clubs of southern California, led by the Tuna Club of Catalina, have started a movement for a national game fish preserve at San Clemente Island, about 60 miles at sea from San Pedro. The island is government property, leased for a number of years for grazing purposes. Most of the record breaking fish that are taken every year come from the vicinity of San Clemente, and it is a desire to protect these fish that congress at its next session will be asked to create the preserve.”


July 31, 1909 [LAT]: “Chief Forester Gifford Pinchot will arrive in Los Angeles in September with a party of distinguished scientists, including an ethnologist, a geologist, and other scientific men, who plan to make an examination of San Clemente Island. Prof. Charles Frederic Holder will join the party, and is making arrangements for the trip, which will be the third annual expedition to this interesting island… Mexican Joe and a guides have been engaged for the trip, and the party will camp at the east end of the island…”


August 29, 1909 [LAT/SCat]: “Avalon. After his exciting controversy up north, Gifford Pinchot, Chief Forester and chairman of the National Conservation Commission, is going fishing about Catalina next week, and off San Clemente, on which island the Tuna Club, of which he is a member, has a private reservation. Pinchot has fished at San Clemente the last three years and has found marvelous sport, the yellowtail being extremely large and numerous. This year the Chief Forester’s guests will be Senator Flint, Dr. Charles F. Holder of Pasadena, president of the Tuna Club; Dr. Houghton of Boston, and Mr. Fisher of New Haven, Ct. Mexican Joe, who has been on the island for fifty-seven years, will be their majordomo, and will have the little village of tents set up at Mosquito Harbor on September 3. Two launches and several small boats will be taken over. Pinchot and Holder have been trying for several years to have the island of San Clemente set aside as a fish and game preserve…”


August 31, 1909 [LAH]: “Gifford Pinchot, chief forester and chairman of the national conservation committee, who is now conducting a political campaign in the northern part of the state, is due to reach Avalon September 3, en route for a two weeks’ fishing trip to San Clemente Island. As guests of Mr. Pinchot, Prof. C. F. Holder of Pasadena, Senator Flint, Dr. Houghton of Boston, and F. W. Fisher of New Haven, Conn., will compose the party. Camp will be pitched at Mosquito Harbor, where it is reported that several tuna have been recently taken with hand lines.”


September 15, 1909 [LAT]: “Lost on one of the many little canons on San Clemente Island, with no water and but little hope of being found by other members of his party, Senator Flint spent a very unpleasant afternoon Monday. The experience was one that will be pleasant to relate back in Washington this coming winter, but at the time the novelty of being at the bottom of a fissure, in the mountain and night coming on, was anything but pleasant. Senator Flint was a member of a party composed of Gifford Pinchot, United States Forester; Stewart Edward White, a well-known California author of Santa Barbara, and Charles F. Holder. As the guests of Robert S. Howland, lessee of San Clemente Island, they went there some time ago to enjoy the excellent fishing afforded in the waters of the various bays and inlets...”


June 25, 1910 [LAT]: “Roosevelt to fish. Preparations are being made here by Mexican Joe, Catalina Island’s oldest and most noted boatman, for a ten days’ cruise to San Clemente, with Col. Roosevelt, Gifford Pinchot, Dr. Garrett Newkirk, Prof. C. F. Holder and Maj. Frederick Burnham of South Africa. The chartered oats will leave Avalon on orabout September 20. The party will encamp at Mosquito Harbor, San Clemente Island, making this headquarters and supply center. Captain Al Shade who came over from Mosquito Harbor yesterday, said: “If Col. Roosevelt doesn’t get all the fun out of Clemente fishing which ought to come to him next September, I’ll miss my guess. When I left the island the sea was almost black with fish. Coming over I had two swordfish strikes while trolling with a piece of white rag for bait.”


September 16, 1910 [LAH]: “Gifford Pinchot at San Pedro took a rap at Senator Frank Flint this morning just before his departure for San Clemente Island on the launch Juanita for a ten days’ fishing trip with his brother Amos. On his last trip to San Clemente Mr. Pinchot was accompanied by Sentaor Flint. When his attention was called to the previous visit to the island he smiled and said: ‘Senator Flint was not invited this time, and I don’t think he will be again. He is too close to the Southern Pacific to suit me. I did not know this our last trip, but I have since found it out.’ After purchasing perishable supplies for their trip, the Pinchot brothers left on their outing in fine spirits. ‘We are going to forget politics absolutely and devote our time to fishing,’ said the former forester. They will be joined in a few days by William Kent, who is coming down from San Francisco.”


September 17, 1909 [LAT/SCat]: “Avalon. Forester Pinchot keeps on fishing… This was the greeting accorded a little boat party that broke in upon the slumbering camp of Forester Pinchot and his companions, Pardee and Holder, at Mosquito Harbor, San Clemente Island, shortly after midnight this morning… For two weeks, the party, which, until last Monday, included Senator Flint and Stewart Edward White, has been exploring, tramping and fishing in and around the island. They have seen spectacular sights…”


September 17, 1909 [SFC]: “A voluminous message from President Taft to Gifford Pinchot was sent from Los Angeles by wireless to Avalon and taken from there to San Clemente Island Tuesday…”


September 19, 1909 [LAH]: “Gifford Pinchot, United States forester, yesterday landed at San Clemente Island a swordfish weighing 180 pounds and measuring seven feet nine inches in length. Pinchot plated the monster for more than two hours from the launch Juanita, on standard tuna club tackle. The fish was taken to Avalon for the purpose of being mounted and recorded. Despairing of catching tuna at San Clemente Island the Pinchot party will put in the early part of the week angling for the gamey bluefin at Catalina. A large number of yellowtail, black sea bass, albacore and white fish have been taken by the party, although as yet no records have been broken.”


September 22, 1909 [LAT]: “Gifford Pinchot, Chief Forester for the United States government, on his return from a fishing trip at San Clemente Island… Mr. Pinchot, from Avalon on September 20, confirms exactly this view of affairs…”


September 22, 1909 [SFC]: “Los Angeles, September 21. Former Governor George C. Pardee returned from San Clemente Island tonight in company with Gifford Pinchot…”


September 23, 1909 [LAH]: “Slay six goats with revolvers. Pinchot and S. E. White are crack shots. Chief forester tells of adventures he and noted author experienced while staying at Catalina Island. A tale of truly noteworthy revolver shooting under trying circumstances was related by Gifford Pinchot last night, with Stewart Edward White, the novelist, as the hero. Mr. Pinchot incidentally made himself out a fair shot, although in a most casual and accidental manner. According to the chief forester he and White had several enjoyable adventures together while they were at San Clemente Island, with former governor Pardee and Senator Frank Flint. On one occasion, late in the afternoon, the two men went out for a climb, scaling the highest peak on the island and overlooking the sea on both sides. The downward trip was commenced well along toward dusk and it was then the pair began to see goats… White got four goats, with a .38 Special revolver (in a large frame) and Mr. Pinchot bagged two, his gun being a .44 regulation. Pinchot says Mr. White got two of the goats at better than 200 yards, one of them while the beast was leaping from one rock to another…”


September 24, 1909 [LAT/SCat]: “Captain William Banning, owner of the palatial craft, El Compañero, called Sunday at Mosquito Harbor, San Clemente Island, and invited Gifford Pinchot, former Governor Pardee and Dr. C. F. Holder to go to San Diego, but they were just leaving for Catalina. On the Compañero were Mr. and Mrs. George Patton, Miss Patton and Miss Banning.”


September 24, 1909 [OC]: “Stewart Edward White returned Tuesday from Los Angeles, having spent the past two weeks in company with Senator Frank P. Flint and Chief Forester Gifford Pinchot, fishing off San Clemente Island. Mr. White reports excellent that the party had excellent sport and landed some specimen fish, says the Press. Mr. Pinchot will arrive in Santa Barbara next Wednesday and will be the guest of Mr. White for four or five days, while he is inspecting the local forest reserves…”


September 15, 1910 [LAH]: “Gifford Pinchot, formerly chief of the forestry bureau of the department of agriculture, dismissed by President Taft because of his conservation policies and his opposition to the methods of Secretary of the Interior Ballinger, arrived in Los Angeles last night, accompanied by his brother Amos… The former forester and his brother are registered at the Van Nuys, but will leave this morning for San Clemente Island where they will remain during the next ten days, hunting and fishing…”


September 25, 1910 [LAH]: “Avalon, September 24. A launch returning today from San Clemente Island, where Gifford Pinchot, his brother Amos and their party are fishing, brought back the body of a giant swordfish as proof of the piscatorial skill of the ex-forester. The swordfish, which was only landed after a terrific struggle in which the safety of the boat and its occupants was many times endangered by its frantic rushes, was found to be over eleven feet long and weighed more than 200 pounds. The party plans to return to Avalon Sunday evening and will immediately proceed to Los Angeles, where Mr. Pinchot will address the American Mining congress Monday evening on conservation.”


December 23, 1910 [SBMP]: “When Theodore Roosevelt visits Southern California about the first of March, he will spend at least three days in camp on San Clemente Island, fishing in company with Charles F. Holder and former Governor George C. Pardee. Mr. Holder, who is a close friend of the former president, is the discovered of San Clemente Island as a fisherman’s paradise and makes camp there at least once a year. He has introduced many of his friends to it, and Stewart Edward White, Gifford Pinchot, Frank P. Flint and others have become regular habitués...” [Note: Pardee, a Republican, was 21st governor of California. He served from 1903-1907.]


July 18, 1916 [TI/Avalon]: “Pete Snider has signed a 5 year lease for the camping rights at Mosquito Harbor, San Clemente Island, and has taken over possession of the camp. For many years, ‘Pete’ has cooked for campers on Catalina and San Clemente islands. He is known by many sportsmen in the hospitable capacity of a first class cook and caterer. And Pete is arranging to install a 25,000 gallon water tank. At present he has accommodations for 20 persons. Captain A. Shade who formerly owned the camp has left for the mainland. Mosquito Camp is used by Mr. Z. Grey, W. C. Boschen, Gifford Pinchot and almost every member of the Tuna Club.”