Difference between revisions of "Pacific Ocean Biological Survey Program (1963-1970)"

From WikiName
Jump to: navigation, search
Line 24: Line 24:
  
  
* '''2001. MacLeod, Roy'''. ''Strictly for the Birds": Science, the Military and the Smithsonian's Pacific Ocean Biological Survey Program'', 1963-1970'''
+
* '''2001. MacLeod, Roy'''. ''[[Media: POBSP.pdf|Strictly for the Birds": Science, the Military and the Smithsonian's Pacific Ocean Biological Survey Program]]'', 1963-1970'''
  
  

Revision as of 17:32, 6 November 2019

Pacific Ocean Biological Survey Program (1963-1970) [POBSP], also called the Pacific Project, was a cooperative project between the Smithsonian Institute and the U.S. Army. For six years, the Pacific Ocean Biological Survey Program (POBSP) collected a vast amount of data from a quarter of the globe little known to science, and difficult for civilians to access. Its reports were (and remain) of great value to science. In 1969, however, the Program became embroiled in controversy. Some alleged that the Smithsonian, by accepting the military's coin, had violated its own rules governing the receipt of government funds and the publication of research. Recent investigations have pointed to a number of unexplained relationships between the POBSP and the Army, during a period of intense activity in chemical and biological weapons testing. The controversy marked a watershed in Smithsonian-military relations. As yet, its history is incomplete. What is known, however, suggests that the POBSP involved a highly problematic mésalliance between science and secrecy during the height of the Cold War. Its gradual unfolding prompts questions of contemporary relevance that await contemporary answers.

Based on specimen records, collectors and participants included:



The Pacific Ocean Biological Survey Program collected on:

———————

———————



FARALLON ISLANDS
ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN  
Farallon Islands Pacific Project USNM May 15, 1967 USNM-497769 Puffinus creatopus Birds
Farallon Islands Pacific Project USNM May 15, 1967 USNM-497770 Puffinus creatopus Birds


SAN MIGUEL ISLAND

The POBSP (Huber 1968) counted about 400 Western Gull nests at San Miguel Island in 1968; ca. 240 on Prince Island., 100-150 nests on Castle Rock, and ca. 50 nests on the main island.” [Marine Mammal and Seabird Survey of the Southern California Bight, Volume 3, Issue 3. University of California Santa Cruz et al., July 1978]


SANTA CRUZ ISLAND
ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN  
Santa Cruz Island Pacific Project & L. Huber NMNH June 3, 1968 USNM-544939 Calypte costae Birds
Santa Cruz Island Pacific Project USNM August 29, 1969 USNM-544955 Puffinus griseus Birds


ISLAS CORONADOS
ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN  
Islas Coronados Pacific Project & R. S. Crossin & Robert DeLong USNM May 18, 1968 USNM- 543722 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Islas Coronados Pacific Project & R. S. Crossin & Robert DeLong USNM May 18, 1968 USNM- 543724 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Islas Coronados Pacific Project & R. S. Crossin & Robert DeLong USNM May 18, 1968 USNM- 543725 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Islas Coronados Pacific Project & R. S. Crossin & Robert DeLong USNM May 18, 1968 USNM- 543727 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Islas Coronados Pacific Project & R. S. Crossin & Robert DeLong USNM May 19, 1968 USNM- 543723 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds



ISLA GUADALUPE
ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN  
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) no collector listed FMNH April 19, 1968 FMNH-339538 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 20, 1968 USNM- 543640 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 20, 1968 USNM- 543641 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 20, 1968 USNM- 543642 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 21, 1968 USNM- 543643 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 21, 1968 USNM- 543644 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 21, 1968 USNM- 543645 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 21, 1968 USNM- 543646 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 21, 1968 USNM- 543647 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 21, 1968 USNM- 543648 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 21, 1968 USNM- 543649 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 21, 1968 USNM- 543650 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 21, 1968 USNM- 543651 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 21, 1968 USNM-543652 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 21, 1968 USNM- 543653 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 21, 1968 USNM-543654 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 21, 1968 USNM- 543655 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 21, 1968 USNM- 543656 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 21, 1968 USNM-543657 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 21, 1968 USNM- 543658 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 21, 1968 USNM- 543728 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 21, 1968 USNM- 543729 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 21, 1968 USNM- 543730 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 21, 1968 USNM- 543731 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project & T. Lewis USNM June 22, 1968 USNM- 498389 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project & T. Lewis USNM June 22, 1968 USNM- 498390 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project & T. Lewis USNM June 22, 1968 USNM- 498391 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project & T. Lewis USNM June 22, 1968 USNM- 543659 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 22, 1968 USNM- 543660 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project USNM June 22, 1968 USNM- 543661 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe (Islote Zapato) Pacific Project & Robert DeLong USNM June 22, 1968 USNM- 543662 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543674 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543675 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543676 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM- 543677 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM- 543678 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543679 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543681 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM- 543691 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543697 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM- 543699 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543700 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543703 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543712 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543680 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543682 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543683 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543684 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543685 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543686 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543687 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543688 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM- 543689 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543690 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543692 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543693 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543694 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543695 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543696 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543698 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543702 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543704 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543705 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543706 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543707 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543708 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543709 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543710 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543711 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543713 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543715 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543716 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project USNM June 28, 1968 USNM-543717 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds
Isla Guadalupe Pacific Project UAMZ August 22, 1968 UAMZ-B4102 Oceanodroma leucorhoa Birds