Quarry: San Clemente Island

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Quarry: San Clemente Island

In the News~

October 22, 1897 [LAT/SP]: “San Pedro harbor work… San Clemente Island, to which Senator White lately referred as a source of rock supply, in a communication addressed to the Secretary, is owned by the United States for lighthouse purposes. Rock was once taken from there for the improvement of Wilmington Harbor. I shall recommend to the War Department that authority be secured from the Lighthouse Bureau to draw upon the San Clemente quarries, and the specifications will provide for the use of that rock, if thought best, as it is of good quality.”

December 2, 1897 [LAT]: “A recent report became current to the effect that three or four people had filed claims on San Clemente Island, hoping thereby to profit from the government’s need of rock for use on the breakwater construction at San Pedro harbor…”

December 18, 1897 [LAT/SP]: “Rock for San Pedro. San Clemente and Santa Catalina islands visited by experts and samples secured. Differences in the cost of transportation from two islands…”

January 16, 1898 [LAT/SCat]: “A.M. Jennings of New York, a builder of breakwaters and jetties, who expects to bid on the San Pedro Harbor work, chartered the Paloma Monday, and, accompanied by John Lesher of Baltimore, visited San Clemente to inspect the rock there. They also went to Empire Landing to view the Catalina quarries.”

January 29, 1898 [LAT]: “Major Charles E. L. B. Davis of San Francisco, the government engineer who will open the bids for the San Pedro breakwater on February 10… has been anxious to visit the islands of Santa Catalina and Clemente for a personal inspection of the rock to be found at those quarries… On Thursday he chartered La Paloma, and accompanied by six contractors and J. B. Banning, left Avalon for Clemente at 7 A.M. The party landed at Gallagher’s…”

January 30, 1898 [LAT/SCat]: “Avalon. Bidders on the proposed breakwater at San Pedro are coming over every day to visit the quarries at Catalina and Clemente…”

February 2, 1898 [LAT/SP]: “Visits to San Clemente Island of supposed pending bidders for the breakwater are still being made. One party went over Monday on La Paloma, and another went today on the Clemente.”

February 11, 1898 [LAT/SP]: “San Francisco. Harbor bids are opened… Bids for the construction of the proposed breakwater at San Pedro were opened at noon… One proposition called for the taking of stone from private quarries and the other called for the taking of stone from the government reservation on San Clemente Island…”

February 11, 1898 [LAT]: “Harbor bids… Each contractor was required, under the application, to bid on two propositions. One proposition called for the taking of stone from private quarries, and the other called for the taking of stone from the government reservation on San Clemente Island…”

March 4, 1898 [LAT]: “Fight is won. San Pedro contract to be awarded. San Clemente rock to be made use of… awarding the contract to the firm of Heldmaier & Neu of Chicago, their bid being something less than $1,500,000…”

July 29, 1898 [LAT]: “A new complication has arisen in the San Pedro Breakwater matter… Heldmaier & Neu of Chicago, the lowest bidders to whom the contract was awarded, had refused to carry out the contract… The next lowest bidders are Hingston & Sylvester of Buffalo, and the amount of their bid is $1,349,235, providing San Clemente Island stone is used…”

August 31, 1898 [LAT]: “San Clemente is fifty miles from San Pedro, and the haul is by water. To dump the rock from cars is easier than to get it from scows. Stormy weather would interfere with the haul from the island…”

September 1, 1898 [SBMP]: “San Clemente Island rock may be used in the building of the San Pedro breakwater, for which the contract has already been signed, and the bond approved.”

September 17, 1898 [LAT]: “Harbor plans. Contractor Neu making arrangements for scows…He is now in San Francisco figuring on whether to construct the scows to be used in carrying rock from San Clemente Island…”

September 19, 1898 [LAT]: “P. W. Neu of the firm of Heldmaier & Neu, Chicago, arrived in the city yesterday… where he was warmly greeted by a number of friends and prominent citizens who appear anxious to welcome to Los Angeles a representative of the firm which is to build the free harbor at San Pedro… It is specified that the contractors have the privilege of taking rock from the government quarries on San Clemente Island…”

September 21, 1898 [LAT/SCat]: “The La Paloma, with Captain Trefathen in charge, arrived at Avalon… Then La Paloma put out for San Clemente where Mr. Neu is going to inspect the government stone quarries, where the rock will be obtained for building the harbor…”

September 23, 1898 [LAT]: “Harbor material. Plenty of suitable rock on San Clemente Island…’ At San Clemente I found a quarry of suitable rock, at the north end of the island, and about 3000 feet southeast of Wilson’s Cove. We will build piers for mooring barges there, so that the rock can be loaded directly from the quarry into the boats…”

October 29, 1898 [LAT/SP]: “…The contract requires that 2400 tons of rock be dumped each day in the week except Sunday. This rock will be brought in the six lighters, towed by the three tugs, from San Clemente Island, a government reservation 52 miles due west from San Pedro.”

November 15, 1898 [LAT]: “Work soon to begin… San Pedro Harbor… and San Clemente Island. ’We purchased the tugboat, Hercules, and area now taking figures on two large tug boats; we also have the option on some tugboats along the coast…”

November 17, 1898 [LAT/SP]: “Nine quarrymen arrive and will begin harbor work… The barge, or derrick scow, is eighty-five feet long and has thirty feet breadth of beam. It is understood that it will be used to construct a small breakwater at San Clemente Island…”

November 19, 1898 [LAT/SP]: “John H. Anunsen, superintendent for Heldmaier & Neu of Chicago of the work on the San Pedro Harbor, has just come from south from San Francisco, and today will go to San Clemente to test the rock there as to its fitness for breakwater building… The barge which has just been brought down from Oregon to San Francisco carried derricks, tools of various kinds, and a quantity of lumber to be used in building bunkhouses, blacksmith shops, sheds and other structures at San Clemente…”

November 20, 1898 [LAT/SP]: “Prospective building of barges for breakwater rock. Foreman Anunson, acting for the harbor contractors, left this port for Clemente Island at 6 o’clock this morning with the tug Warrior and four men… They took with them a week’s supply of provisions…”

November 21, 1898 [LAT/SP]: “First harbor-building barge arrives at San Pedro. San Pedro was wild with joy yesterday over the arrival of the steam tugboat, Hercules, from Oregon, with the first of the huge barges to be used in carrying rock from San Clemente to the mainland to build the great breaker which is to give Southern California a free harbor…”

November 22, 1898 [SBMP]: “San Pedro. The tug Hercules has arrived here towing a lighter... The first work, Superintendent Anunsen says will be the building of a rock breakwater at San Clemente Island, east of Wilson’s Cove, to cost $34,000 and take about four months’ time. This is where the rock for use at San Pedro is to be procured, and the surf at the island is so heavy as to necessitate the breakwater.”

November 22, 1898 [LAT/SP]: “Superintendent Anunsen talks of the details… At San Clemente Island the barge will be loaded with the rock, which will be hoisted on to it…”

November 23, 1898 [LAT/SP]: “…The Hercules will sail for San Clemente Island very early Wednesday morning with Superintendent Anunsen of the harbor work, and a gang of men…”

November 24, 1898 [LAT/SCat]: “Anent the proposition of taking stone for the construction of the harbor at San Pedro from San Clemente Island, Charles E. W. Hubbell, one of the owners of the sheep on that island, who spends the greater part of his time there, while at Avalon a few days ago gave expression to the opinion that Heldmaier & Neu are making a mistake in planning to get the material for the breakwater at San Clemente…”

November 25, 1898 [LAT/SP]: “…According to that opinion the contractors are making a mistake in planning to get the rock at Clemente Island. Among the reasons given as a basis of the opinion are that Clemente is not provided with any harbor as is Catalina, that the danger from storm is therefore much greater, that on account of the greater distance of towage each lighter used would be capable of performing only one-half as much service, and in brief, that it would require twice the plant, twice the crews, twice the coal, twice the time, and many times more risk to use the Clemente rock instead of using the rock that could be obtained on Catalina Island…”

November 30, 1898 [LAT/SP]: “…The men now at work on San Clemente Island are driving tunnels indirectly away from the ocean. At present they are working through broken rock and dirt such as has for ages been caving down a high bank…”

December 4, 1898 [LAT/SP]: “…Twelve men have been at work at the quarries at San Clemente for some days, and thirty-five more went over on the tug. Before transporting the stone can commence, a breakwater will have to be built at San Clemente for the purpose of protecting the barges…”

December 4, 1898 [LAT]: “San Clemente. A fortnight’s hunting trip on this little-known island. We left Long Beach one fine morning in the latter part of August for a camping and hunting trip on San Clemente… It is not easy suitable to describe Castle Rock at the west end of San Clemente… Seal Harbor is a few miles further on… We arrived at our stopping place, Smugglers Cove about 11 P.M., dropped the mud hook, waited for daybreak…”

December 15, 1898 [LAT/SP]: “The tug Hercules, chartered for the use of Heldmaier & Neu, the harbor contractors, went over to San Clemente Island Tuesday…”

December 20, 1898 [LAT/SP]: “Superintendent Anunsen of the harbor work left on the tug Hercules for San Clemente Island this morning.”

February 18, 1899 [LAT/SCat]: “The tug Hercules, belonging to the San Pedro Harbor contractors, with Mr. Anunsen, superintendent of the work… while on their way to San Clemente, attempted to put into Avalon Bay last evening, a very dense fog prevailing…”

February 19, 1899 [LAT]: “The breakwater’s contractor’s tug Hercules with Captain J. J. Meyler and Superintendent Anunsen aboard, returned from Clemente Island Friday…”

February 23, 1899 [LAT]: “In reference to the work at Clemente Island, from which place he returned yesterday, Mr. Heldmaier said he had forty men at work there boring tunnels and making surface blasts in the rock…”

February 28, 1899 [LAT]: “Whether the rock for the breakwater for the San Pedro Harbor shall be taken from San Clemente Island or from some other place, will probably be decided within three or four days…”

March 5, 1899 [LAT]: “Clemente Island Rock will be used in part for San Pedro breakwater… It is decided that the rock for the foundation of the breakwater will come from San Clemente Island, said Mr. Holdmaier last evening…”

March 10, 1899 [LAT]: “Breakwater stone… The workmen have been removed from San Clemente, and yesterday Contractor Anunsen visited the Terminal quarry again, seeking a solution of the problem of meeting the government’s specifications.”

April 9, 1899 [LAT]: “The [San Pedro] harbor rock. Quarry from which the San Pedro breakwater will be taken… The bidders for the construction work were mostly strangers to this locality and learning that there was an abundance of rock on San Clemente Island, which, being a government possession, was offered to them free of cost, some very low bids were made. The free rock proposition of San Clemente proved delusive in that the stone of the proper requirements was so scattered that it entailed a large expense to collect it… After an exhaustive search on the mainland, the harbor contractors have finally selected a point on Santa Catalina Island near the isthmus…”