SANTA CATALINA ISLAND NATURAL HISTORY

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BOTANY: The flora of Santa Catalina Island includes about 431 native taxa, 37 California Islands endemics, and 203 non-native taxa for a total of 634 species.


FAUNA: Santa Catalina Island
LAND MAMMALS
Santa Catalina Island Fox Urocyon littoralis catalinae Endemic
Beechey Ground Squirrel Spermophilus beecheyi nesioticus Endemic
Santa Catalina Island Harvest Mouse Reithrodontomys megalotis catalinae Endemic
Santa Catalina Island Shrew Sorex ornatus willetti Endemic
Black Buck Antelope Antelope cervicapra Introduced
Mule Deer Odocoileus hemionus californicus Introduced
American Bison Bison bison Introduced
Feral Pig Sus scropha Introduced
Feral Cat Felis catus Introduced
Black Rat Rattus rattus Introduced
Norway Rat Rattus norvegicus Introduced
House Mouse Mus musculus Introduced
Domestic Cattle Bos taurus Introduced & Extirpated
Barbary Sheep Ammotragus lervia Introduced & Extirpated
Feral Goat Capra hircus Introduced & Extirpated
BATS California Myotis Myotis californicus
Fringed Myotis Myotis thysanodes
Long-eared Myotis Myotis evotis
Yuma Myotis Myotis umanensis
Hoary Bat Lasiurus cinereus
Mexican Free-tailed Bat Tadarida brasiliensis
Pallid Bat Antrozous pallidus
Townsend’s Big-eared Bat Corynorhinus townsendii
MARINE MAMMALS
California Sea Lion Zalophus californianus
Harbor Seal Phoca vitulina
Northern Elephant Seal Mirounga angustirostris
AMPHIBIANS
Arboreal Salamander Aneides lugubris
Garden Slender Salamander Batrachoseps major
Pacific Treefrog Hyla regilla
Bullfrog Rana catesbeiana Introduced
REPTILES
Western Skink Eumeces skiltonianus
Side-Blotched Lizard Uta stansburiana
Southern Alligator Lizard Elgaria multicarinatus
Desert Night Lizard Xantusia vigilis (1 record)
California Kingsnake Lampropeltis getulus
California Mountain Kingsnake Lampropeltis zonata (1 record)
San Diego Gopher Snake Pituophis melanoleucas
Southern Pacific Rattlesnake Crotalus viridis
Two-striped Garter Snake Thamnophis hammondii
Western Ringneck Snake Diadophis punctatus