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Since 1934, the island has been owned and operated by various naval commands. More than a dozen range and operational areas are clustered within a 60 mile radius of the island. The Commander-in-Chief, Naval Forces, Pacific (CINCPACFLT) is the major claimant for the island, and Naval Base Coronado (NBC) is responsible for its administration. Today San Clemente Island's primary function is two fold: (1) to support tactical training of the Pacific Fleet, and (2) to continue as a key research and development facility. The island provides the Navy and Marine Corps a multi-threat warfare training range. A major part of Navy training takes place on the ranges right off the island shores. The primary range covers over 149,000 square miles and is the Navy's busiest Fleet airspace. Also included in this training area are two mine exercise areas, the Southern California Anti-Submarine Warfare Range, seven submarine areas, the shallow water Undersea Training Range, and two laser training ranges. In total, San Clemente Island is a very unique combination of airfields, airspace and ranges unlike any other facility owned by the Navy. It is the only location in the Pacific where surface ships, submarines, aircraft and Navy expeditionary forces can train in all warfare areas simultaneously using shore gunnery, bombardment, air defense, anti sub and electronic warfare.

Archaeological, botanical, ornithological collectors:

County: Los Angeles County Distance to nearest island: 21 miles to the north is Santa Catalina Island Distance to nearest mainland: 41 miles Height: 1965 feet at Mt. Thirst Ownership: United States Government Leases: 1901-1905 San Clemente Wool Company 1906-1909 San Clemente Wool Company 1910-1934 San Clemente Wool Company/Sheep Company Size: 147.13 km or 56.81 square miles Public access: none Public transportation: none

Native terrestrial mammals:

  • San Clemente Island Fox Urocyon littoralis clementae
  • San Clemente Island Deer Mouse Peromyscus maniculatus clementis

Non-native terrestrial mammals:

  • House Mouse Mus musculus
  • Western Harvest Mouse Reithrodontomys megalotis longicaudus
  • Black Rat Rattus rattus
  • California Vole Microtus californicus sanctidiegi

Native amphibians: none

Native reptiles:

  • Island Night Lizard Xantusia riversiana
  • Side-blotched Lizard Uta stansburiana

Endemic plants:

  • Astragalus nevinii
  • Brodiae kinkiensis
  • Camissonia guadalupensis clementina
  • Castilleja grisea
  • Delphinium kinkiense
  • Delphinium variegatum thornei
  • Galium catalinense acrispum
  • Tritelia clementina
  • Eriogonum giganteum formosum
  • Lithophragma maximum
  • Lotus argophyllus adsurgens
  • Lotus dendroideus traskiae
  • Malacothamnus clementinus
  • Munzothamnus blairii

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