SPOTTED TOWHEE

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Spotted Towhee (Pipilo maculatus)

Spotted Towhee (Pipilo maculatus)


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SAN CLEMENTE ISLAND

1897 San Clemente Island:Pipilo clemente—San Clemente Towhee. Not uncommon along the larger ravines and canons, wherever there is a thick growth of wild cherry bushes; but on account of their silence and secretive habits they were not easy to locate. A Twohee might be heard scratching among the dead leaves in a thicket, but he would not be easy to drive out, and even if he did finally vacate, it would only be to drive into the next bush on the opposite side of the would-be collector. However, when the males sang, or rather repeated their "(tow)hee", they generally mounted to the highest twig of a bush, and were there quite conspicuous. They usually appeared thus in the early morning and evening. The "catbird" call, which is so characteristic of P. m. megalonyx, seems to be unknown to this bird. Six specimens, the type series, were taken during the first visit, and ten during the last. The latter are typical in every respect. Especially noticeable, when compared with P. M. megalonyx, is the long bill, which averages in the ten specimens: culmen, .58; gonys, .42. Although the birds taken were evidently breeding, no nests were found nor juveniles observed...The party consisted of Joseph Grinnell, who had immediate charge of the expedition, and gave special attention to the ornithology and entomology of the islands; Horace Gaylord, who collected mammals; and Harry Gaylord and James Brittan [Britton] who devoted their time to archaeology. The party left San Pedro harbor May 11 in a large fishing schooner... [returning June 9, 1897]”
Grinnell, Joseph Report on the Birds recorded during a visit to the Islands of Santa Barbara, San Nicolas and San Clemente, in the Spring of 1897 Pasadena Academy of Sciences Publication No. 1, August, 1897 (26 pages).


1897 San Clemente Island: “... Mr. Jos Grinnell exhibited a series of Pipilo, showing the distinguishing characteristics between his newly-named P. clementae (from the island of San Clemente), and the mainland form P. maculatus megalonyx. ” [The Osprey 2(1):14 September 1897]


1907 San Clemente Island:Pipilo clementae. San Clemente Towhee. None were seen within eight miles of the northwest coast, but they were very common near Mosquito Harbor. The “catbird” call of P. m. megalonyx of the mainland, said to be “unknown to this bird’, I often heard; in fact it was the common note heard at this season. P. clementae is a shy and silent bird during breeding season, which probably accounts for the statements of observers during that period, limiting his vocal attainments to the “towhee” call. During October the towhees were observed shaking the overripe cherries from the twigs of the low hanging branches, then flying to the ground and securing the well-earned delicacies. This curious operation I often watched them perform.” [“Visits were made to Clemente in January, February, March, April and October, 1907.”]
Linton, C. B. Notes from San Clemente Island The Condor 10:82-86, March 1908


ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN
San Clemente Island A. W. Anthony CM August 25, 1894 CM-15428 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island A. W. Anthony CM August 25, 1894 CM-15429 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island A. W. Anthony CM August 26, 1894 CM-15430 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island A. W. Anthony CM August 29, 1894 CM-15431 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ March 30, 1897 MVZ-36398 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ March 30, 1897 MVZ-36399 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island Joseph Grinnell NMNH March 31, 1897 USNM-159476 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ April 1, 1897 MVZ-36400 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ April 2, 1897 MVZ-36401 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ May 28, 1897 MVZ-36402 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ June 2, 1897 MVZ-36403 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ June 2, 1897 MVZ-36404 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton CM March 11, 1907 CM-143790 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island J. E. Law NMNH March 13, 1907 DMNH-8729 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton CAS March 13, 1907 CAS-36268 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton KU March 13, 1907 KU-26713 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton CAS March 17, 1907 CAS-36267 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton KU April 1, 1907 KU-26714 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 14, 1908 MCZ-316905 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 15, 1908 MCZ-316886 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 15, 1908 MCZ-316898 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 15, 1908 MCZ-316906 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 16, 1908 MCZ-316895 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 17, 1908 MCZ-55388 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 17, 1908 MCZ-316890 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 17, 1908 MCZ-316904 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 18, 1908 MCZ-55390 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 18, 1908 MCZ-316879 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 18, 1908 MCZ-316882 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 18, 1908 MCZ-316884 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 18, 1908 MCZ-316889 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 19, 1908 MCZ-316406 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 19, 1908 MCZ-316885 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 21, 1908 MCZ-316894 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 23, 1908 MCZ-316902 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 25, 1908 MCZ-316891 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 29, 1908 MCZ-55387 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 29, 1908 MCZ-55389 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 29, 1908 MCZ-316880 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 30, 1908 MCZ-316892 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 30, 1908 MCZ-316901 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ November 30, 1908 MCZ-316903 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton UWBM November 30, 1908 UWBM-17761 Pipilo maculatus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 1, 1908 MCZ-316442 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 1, 1908 MCZ-316878 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 1, 1908 MCZ-316888 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 1, 1908 MCZ-316897 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 1, 1908 MCZ-316899 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 1, 1908 MCZ-316900 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 4, 1908 MCZ-55386 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 4, 1908 MCZ-183702 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 4, 1908 MCZ-183703 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 4, 1908 MCZ-316893 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MVZ December 4, 1908 MVZ-21273 Pipilo maculatus oregonus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 5, 1908 MCZ-316907 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island C. B. Linton MCZ December 6, 1908 MCZ-316896 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
San Clemente Island H. H. Kimball MVZ April 17, 1914 MVZ-6979 Pipilo maculatus clementae Eggs
San Clemente Island H. H. Kimball UMMZ April 18, 1914 UMMZ-171403 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island H. H. Kimball UMMZ April 20, 1914 UMMZ-171404 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island H. H. Kimball UMMZ April 21, 1914 UMMZ-171400 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island H. H. Kimball AMNH April 23, 1914 AMNH-761926 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island H. H. Kimball UMMZ April 23, 1914 UMMZ-171399 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island H. H. Kimball AMNH April 24, 1914 AMNH-761925 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island H. H. Kimball UMMZ April 25, 1914 UMMZ-171401 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island H. H. Kimball [?] AMNH April 27, 1914 AMNH-808367 Pipilo maculatus Birds
San Clemente Island H. H. Kimball [?] AMNH April 27, 1914 AMNH-808368 Pipilo maculatus Birds
San Clemente Island H. H. Kimball UMMZ April 27, 1914 UMMZ-171405 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island H. H. Kimball UMMZ April 27, 1914 UMMZ-171406 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island H. H. Kimball UMMZ April 28, 1914 UMMZ-171406 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island H. H. Kimball UMMZ April 29, 1914 UMMZ-171402 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island H. H. Kimball UMMZ June 16, 1914 UMMZ-171408 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island Kenneth E. Stager UMMZ December 21, 1938 UMMZ-171410 Pipilo erythropthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island Kenneth E. Stager UMMZ December 21, 1938 UMMZ-171411 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island Kenneth E. Stager UMMZ December 21, 1938 UMMZ-171412 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island Kenneth E. Stager UMMZ December 22, 1938 UMMZ-171409 Pipilo erythropthalmus clementae Birds
San Clemente Island Kenneth E. Stager UMMZ December 22, 1938 UMMZ-171413 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds


SAN MIGUEL ISLAND
ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN
San Miguel Island Chester Lamb MVZ September 30, 1927 MVZ-51560 Pipilo maculatus megalonyx Birds
San Miguel Island Chester Lamb MVZ September 30, 1927 MVZ-51561 Pipilo maculatus megalonyx Birds


SANTA CATALINA ISLAND

1905-1906 Santa Catalina Island:Pipilo maculatus clementae. San Clemente Towhee. Very abundant especially in the washes. Nine specimens, six males and three females were secured. Compared with specimens of Pipilo macuatus megalonyx in my collection, they have larger bills and are grayer dorsally, this latter condition being especially prominent in the females. ” [“These notes are the result of two brief sojourns on Santa Catalina Island in the month of April, eight days being spent in 1905, and five in 1906. Fortunately both trips were made after wet seasons; the hills were carpeted with grass, flowers and insects were abundant.”]
Richardson, Charles H., Jr. Spring Notes from Santa Catalina Island The Condor 10(2):65-68, March 1908


ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN
Santa Catalina Island J. G. Cooper MVZ October 31, 1861 MVZ-4121 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island F. W. Bancroft MVZ July 23, 1893 MVZ-5595 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island F. W. Bancroft MVZ July 23, 1893 MVZ-5596 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 24, 1897 MVZ-36405 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 24, 1897 MVZ-36406 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 24, 1897 MVZ-36407 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 24, 1897 MVZ-36408 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 24, 1897 MVZ-36409 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MCZ December 24, 1897 MCZ-101940 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MCZ December 25, 1897 MCZ-101941 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 25, 1897 MVZ-36410 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 25, 1897 MVZ-36411 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 25, 1897 MVZ-36412 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 25, 1897 MVZ-36413 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 25, 1897 MVZ-36414 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 25, 1897 MVZ-36415 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 25, 1897 MVZ-36416 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 25, 1897 MVZ-36417 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 25, 1897 MVZ-36418 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 25, 1897 MVZ-36419 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 25, 1897 MVZ-36420 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 27, 1897 MVZ-36421 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 27, 1897 MVZ-36422 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 27, 1897 MVZ-36423 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 27, 1897 MVZ-36424 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 27, 1897 MVZ-36425 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 27, 1897 MVZ-76750 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 27, 1897 MVZ-76752 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 27, 1897 MVZ-76753 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell ROM December 27, 1897 ROM-22.4.20.852 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 28, 1897 MVZ-36427 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 28, 1897 MVZ-36426 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 28, 1897 MVZ-36428 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ December 28, 1897 MVZ-76751 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ November 25, 1904 MVZ-36429 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MCZ November 25, 1904 MCZ-331583 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ November 26, 1904 MVZ-36430 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ November 26, 1904 MVZ-36431 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ November 26, 1904 MVZ-36432 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island P. I. Osburn MCZ August 21, 1907 MCZ-67789 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
Santa Catalina Island H. W. Wright CAS September 3, 1907 CAS-80369 Pipilo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island H. W. Wright HSU February 1, 1908 HSU-2777 Pipilo maculatus Birds
Santa Catalina Island H. W. Wright KU February 4, 1908 KU-26715 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island H. W. Wright CAS March 25, 1909 CAS-80368 Pipilo erythropthalmus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island P. I. Osburn DMNS February 15, 1910 DMNS-27919 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
Santa Catalina Island P. I. Osburn MCZ February 15, 1910 MCZ-67788 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
Santa Catalina Island A. B. Howell MCZ April 10, 1910 MCZ-260259 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
Santa Catalina Island A. B. Howell (?) CMNH April 9, 1911 CMNH-164433 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
Santa Catalina Island A. B. Howell LSUMZ April 9, 1911 LSUMZ-10285 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
Santa Catalina Island A. B. Howell UCLA April 9, 1911 UCLA-7457 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
Santa Catalina Island A. B. Howell UCLA April 9, 1911 UCLA-7458 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
Santa Catalina Island A. B. Howell CAS April 10, 1911 CAS-80367 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island A. B. Howell MCZ April 10, 1911 MCZ-260260 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island A. B. Howell LSUMZ April 11, 1911 LSUMZ-10286 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
Santa Catalina Island A. B. Howell UCLA April 11, 1911 UCLA-7459 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
Santa Catalina Island A. B. Howell MVZ April 12, 1911 MVZ-105720 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island A. B. Howell UCLA April 12, 1911 UCLA-7460 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
Santa Catalina Island P. I. Osburn MVZ February 15, 1912 MVZ-107951 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island H. A. Edwards SBMNH April 28, 1912 SBMNH-27047 Pipilo maculatus clementae Eggs
Santa Catalina Island H. A. Edwards MVZ April 1, 1918 MVZ-6980 Pipilo maculatus clementae Eggs
Santa Catalina Island A. J. Van Rossem Carnegie MNH January 31, 1920 CMNH-99977 Pipilo erythropthalmus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island A. J. Van Rossem Carnegie MNH January 31, 1920 CMNH-99978 Pipilo erythropthalmus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island A. J. Van Rossem Carnegie MNH February 1, 1920 CMNH-99979 Pipilo erythropthalmus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island J. S. Dixon MVZ April 7, 1920 MVZ-31202 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Catalina Island J. S. Dixon MVZ April 8, 1920 MVZ-31202 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds



SANTA CRUZ ISLAND

1897 Santa Cruz Island: “With much interest I read Mr. Jos. Mailliard's article on the birds of Santa Cruz Island in the May-June number of the Bulletin, and finding his experience different from mine in some particulars, I submit a few notes taken principally on the west end of the island in May, 1897... I found the towhee (Pipilo maculatus oregonus) not very wild and secured without much trouble a dozen or so. Among those taken was a partial albino having many white feathers scattered among the black on the head and neck...”
Beck, R.H. Additional Notes on the Birds of Santa Cruz Island, Cal., 1899


1898 Santa Cruz Island: “...I was especially desirous of obtaining a number of specimens of the Towhee (Pipilo maculatus) of the island, but they were too wild and wary. Only one pair were taken... Following is a list of birds observed during my stay:- Oregon Towhee (Pipilo maculatus oregonus);...”
Mailliard, Jos., Spring Notes on the Birds of Santa Cruz Island, Cal., April,1898 The Condor 1(1):41-45, April 1899


1907 Santa Cruz Island:Pipilo clementae (?). San Clemente Towhee. Fairly common. Some specimens secured had not lost the brownish edgings to the feathers of the back, giving them a peculiar appearance.” [“At 11:30 p. m., November 19, 1907, my father (H. Linton), Mr. George Willett, and myself left San Pedro harbor in a dilapidated fishing smack and in company with a crawfisherman, one “Cold-foot” Jorgensen. We arrived off the south end of Santa Cruz Island at 10:30 the following day during a stiff norwester. For various reasons we were unable to make camp until the 22nd. It may not be amiss to state here that twice during the blow we were nearly wrecked: once while at anchor in Potatoe Harbor, a broken anchor allowing the boat to drift within the breaker line and nearly onto the rocks. In this instance the timely arrival of Willett and H. Linton in a small boat, saved the day, and incidentally the fishing smack. At another time (the engine having broken down) we were blown nearly onto the rocks of Anacapa Island; but with father at the wheel and Willett and I on the “sheet” we managed to hold her off. I mention the foregoing, and the many sleepless nights spent on the rocky shores, “running” the surf several times each day (with attendant duckings), etc., merely as a warning to those who seem inclined to believe a field naturalist’s life “strewn with roses”. (Its ’ generally strewn with cacti!)”]
Linton, C. B. Notes from Santa Cruz Island] The Condor 10(3):124-129, May 1908


ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN
Santa Cruz Island R. H. Beck AMNH May 8, 1897 Carngie MNH-29700 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
Santa Cruz Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ September 1, 1903 MVZ-36394 Pipilo maculatus megalonyx Birds
Santa Cruz Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ September 2, 1903 MVZ-36395 Pipilo maculatus megalonyx Birds
Santa Cruz Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ September 2, 1903 MVZ-36396 Pipilo maculatus megalonyx Birds
Santa Cruz Island Joseph Grinnell MVZ September 3, 1903 MVZ-36397 Pipilo maculatus megalonyx Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton DMNS December 16, 1907 DMNS-2059 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton CHAS October 8, 1908 CHAS-7374 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Cruz Island C. B. Linton OMNH October 10, 1908 OMNH-15718 Pipilo erythropthalmus Birds
Santa Cruz Island H. W. Wright CAS August 7, 1909 CAS-80360 Pipilo erythrophthalmus megalonyx Birds
Santa Cruz Island A. B. Howell UCLA April 26, 1911 UCLA-7465 Pipilo erythropthalmus Birds
Santa Cruz Island A. B. Howell YPM April 27, 1911 YPM-004706 Pipilo maculatus clementae Birds
Santa Cruz Island H. H. Kimball AMNH April 10 [?], 1914 AMNH-761933 Pililo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
Santa Cruz Island H. H. Kimball AMNH June 4, 1914 AMNH-769927 Pililo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
Santa Cruz Island H. H. Kimball AMNH June 4, 1914 AMNH-769931 Pililo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
Santa Cruz Island J. E. Law CMNH June 6, 1914 CMNH-143778 Pipilo erythrophthalmus megalonxy Birds
Santa Cruz Island H. H. Kimball UMMZ June 7, 1914 UMMZ-171421 Pipilo erythrophthalmus megalonyx Birds
Santa Cruz Island H. H. Kimball UMMZ June 8, 1914 UMMZ-171415 Pipilo erythrophthalmus megalonyx Birds
Santa Cruz Island H. H. Kimball AMNH June 8, 1914 AMNH-769930 Pililo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
Santa Cruz Island H. H. Kimball AMNH June 8, 1914 AMNH-769932 Pililo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
Santa Cruz Island H. H. Kimball UMMZ June 9, 1914 UMMZ-171416 Pipilo erythrophthalmus megalonyx Birds
Santa Cruz Island H. H. Kimball UMMZ June 9, 1914 UMMZ-171417 Pipilo erythrophthalmus megalonyx Birds
Santa Cruz Island H. H. Kimball UMMZ June 9, 1914 UMMZ-171418 Pipilo erythrophthalmus megalonyx Birds
Santa Cruz Island H. H. Kimball AMNH June 9, 1914 AMNH-769929 Pililo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
Santa Cruz Island H. H. Kimball AMNH June 10, 1914 AMNH-769928 Pililo erythrophthalmus clementae Birds
Santa Cruz Island H. H. Kimball UMMZ June 11, 1914 UMMZ-171414 Pipilo erythrophthalmus megalonyx Birds
Santa Cruz Island M. M. Peet UMMZ November 4, 1935 UMMZ-171422 Pipilo erythrophthalmus megalonyx Birds
Santa Cruz Island M. C. Badger WFVZ April 22, 1937 WFVZ-92221 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Eggs
Santa Cruz Island Alden Miller MVZ March 11, 1950 MVZ-120197 Pipilo maculatus megalonyx Birds
Santa Cruz Island Alden Miller MVZ March 11, 1950 MVZ-120198 Pipilo maculatus megalonyx Birds
Santa Cruz Island D. M. Power ROM June 23, 1969 ROM-104811 Pipilo maculatus megalonyx Bird


SANTA ROSA ISLAND
ISLAND COLLECTOR INSTITUTION DATE NUMBER SPECIMEN
Santa Rosa Island C. H. Townsend AMNH April 8, 1890 AMNH-95309 Pipilo maculatus Birds
Santa Rosa Island J. R. Pemberton WFVZ April 2, 1927 WFVZ-3776 Pipilo erythrophthalmus Eggs
Santa Rosa Island Kenneth E. Stager UMMZ November 25, 1939 UMMZ-171430 Pipilo erythrophthalmus megalonyx Birds
Santa Rosa Island Kenneth E. Stager UMMZ November 25, 1939 UMMZ-171431 Pipilo erythrophthalmus megalonyx Birds
Santa Rosa Island Kenneth E. Stager UMMZ November 25, 1939 UMMZ-171432 Pipilo erythrophthalmus megalonyx Birds