SANTA CRUZ ISLAND NATURAL HISTORY

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BOTANY: The flora of Santa Cruz Island includes about 488 native taxa, 46 California Islands endemics, and 191 non-native taxa for a total of 679 species.


FAUNA: Santa Cruz Island
LAND MAMMALS
Santa Cruz Island Fox Urocyon littoralis santacruzae Endemic
Santa Cruz Island Spotted Skunk Spilogale gracilis amphiala Endemic
Santa Cruz Island Deer Mouse Peromyscus maniculatus Endemic
Santa Cruz Island Harvest Mouse Reithrodontomys megalotis santacruzae Endemic
Feral Pig Sus scropha Introduced & Extirpated
Domestic Cattle Bos taurus Introduced & Extirpated
Domestic Sheep Ovis aries Introduced & Extirpated
BATS California Myotis Myotis californicus
Long-eared Myotis Myotis evotis
Hoary Bat Lasiurus cinereus
Red Bat Lasiurus borealis
Mexican Free-tailed Bat Tadarida brasiliensis
Pallid Bat Antrozous pallidus
Townsend’s Big-eared Bat Corynorhinus townsendii
Big Brown Bat Eptesicus fuscus
Silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans
Western Mastiff Bat Eumops perotis
MARINE MAMMALS
California Sea Lion Zalophus californianus
Harbor Seal Phoca vitulina
Northern Elephant Seal Mirounga angustirostris
AMPHIBIANS
Pacific Slender Salamander Batrachoseps pacificus
Black Belly Salamander Batrachoseps nigriventris
Pacific Treefrog Hyla regilla
REPTILES
Side-Blotched Lizard Uta stansburiana
Western Fence Lizard Sceloporus occidentalis
Southern Alligator Lizard Elgaria multicarinatus
Santa Cruz Island Gopher Snake Pituophis catenifer pumilis
Western Yellow-bellied Racer Coluber constrictor mormon
San Diego Night Snake Hypsiglena ochrorhyncha klauberi 1 record, 1939